From: Fishers' knowledge and seahorse conservation in Brazil

Brazilian States | ||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Paraiba (n = 19) | Pernambuco (n = 29) | Ceara (n = 42) | Piauí (n = 32) | |||||

Intentional fishers (n= 2) | Occasional fishers (n = 17) | Intentional fishers (n= 12) | Occasional fishers (n = 17) | Intentional fishers (n= 12) | Occasional fishers (n = 30) | Intentional fishers (n = 10) | Occasional fishers (n = 22) | |

Ethnoclassification | Colour (n = 2) | Colour (n = 17) | Colour (n = 3), colour and skin appendages (n = 9) | Colour (n = 7), colour and skin appendages (n = 10) | Colour (n = 2), colour and skin appendages (n = 10) | Colour (n = 19), colour and skin appendages (n = 2), No answers (n = 9) | Colour (n = 8), colour and skin appendages (n = 2) | Colour (n = 22) |

Population decline | Yes (n = 2) | Yes (n = 17) | Yes (n = 9), no (n = 3) | Yes (n = 16), no (n = 1) | Yes (n = 5), no (n = 6) no answers (n = 1) | Yes (n = 3), no (n = 4) no answers (n = 23) | Yes (n = 8), no (n = 2) | Yes (n = 5), no (n = 17) |

Habitats | Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 2) | Estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 17) | Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 12) | Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 17) | Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 12) | Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 12), sea only (n = 12), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 6) | Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 9), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 1) | Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 21), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 1) |

Seasonal migration | Yes (n = 2) | Yes (n = 17) | Yes (n = 9), no answers (n = 3) | Yes (n = 5), no (n = 1), no answers (n = 11) | Yes (n = 9), no (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) | Yes (n = 10), no (n = 1), no answers (n = 19) | No (n = 10) | No (n = 22) |

Quoted prey types | Shrimp larvae (n = 2) | Shrimp and larvae (n = 4), algae (n = 4), "lodo" (n = 5), no answers (n = 4) | Adult shrimp (n = 2), shrimp larvae (n = 7), algae (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) | Adult shrimp (n = 1), shrimp larvae (n = 4), mud and "lodo" (n = 2), no answers (n = 10) | Fish and algae (n = 1), shrimp larvae (n = 3), crabs (n = 2), "dirt in the water" (n = 3), "lodo" (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) | "Dirt in the water" (n = 1), no answers (n = 29) | Egg of fish (1), algae (n = 1), "dirt in the water" (n = 1), mud and "lodo" (n = 6), no answers (n = 1) | "Dirt in the water" (n = 4), lama and "lodo" (n = 10), shrymp larvae (1), algae (n = 3), no answers (6) |

Quoted predators | None (all answers) | None (all answers) | None (n = 5), large fish ("mero") (n = 1), no answers (n = 6) | None (n = 1), crabs (n = 1), no answers (n = 15) | "Baiacu" (n = 4), "moréias" (n = 3), no answers (n = 5) | Other fishes (n = 1); "cioba", "cavala" e "beijupirá" (n = 1), no answers (n = 28) | "Baiacu" (n = 1), "dourado velho" (n = 1), "bagre" (n = 1), "carapitanga" (n = 1), "siri" (n = 2), no answers (n = 7) | "Baiacu" (n = 3), "pacamão" (n = 2), "bagre" (n = 2), "cioba" (n = 1), no answers (n = 16) |

Feeding behavior | One respondent | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Not mentioned |

Social structure (adults) | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Solitary (generally) (n = 7), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 5) | Solitary (generally) (n = 14), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 1), solitary and groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 1), no answers (n = 1) | Solitary (generally) (n = 4), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 5), solitary or in groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) | Solitary (generally) (n = 8), no answers (n = 22) | Solitary (generally) (n = 3), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 7) | Solitary (generally) (n = 9), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 9), solitary or in groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 4) |

Presence of brooding pouch | Female (n = 2) | Male (n = 1), female (n = 16) | Male (n = 6), female (n = 4), no answers (n = 2) | Male (n = 5), female (n = 8), no answers (n = 4) | Male (n = 10), female (n = 2) | Male (n = 1), female (n = 1), no answers (n = 28) | Male (n = 3), female (n = 7) | Female (n = 22) |

Courtship behavior | One respondent | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Not mentioned | Three respondents | Not mentioned |

Reproductive period | Summer (n = 2) | Summer (n = 14), throughout the year (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) | Winter (n = 1), throughout the year (n = 1), no answers (n = 10) | Summer (n = 1), Winter (n = 4), no answers (n = 12) | Summer (n = 1), Winter (n = 6), throughout the year (n = 3), no answers (n = 2) | Winter (n = 1), no answers (n = 29) | Summer (n = 1), Winter (n = 1), throughout the year (n = 2), no answers (n = 6) | Winter (n = 5), no answers (n = 17) |