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Table 3 Summary of information provided by fishers (intentional and occasional) in the surveyed communities in Brazil.

From: Fishers' knowledge and seahorse conservation in Brazil

  Brazilian States
  Paraiba (n = 19) Pernambuco (n = 29) Ceara (n = 42) Piauí (n = 32)
  Intentional fishers (n= 2) Occasional fishers (n = 17) Intentional fishers (n= 12) Occasional fishers (n = 17) Intentional fishers (n= 12) Occasional fishers (n = 30) Intentional fishers (n = 10) Occasional fishers (n = 22)
Ethnoclassification Colour (n = 2) Colour (n = 17) Colour (n = 3), colour and skin appendages (n = 9) Colour (n = 7), colour and skin appendages (n = 10) Colour (n = 2), colour and skin appendages (n = 10) Colour (n = 19), colour and skin appendages (n = 2), No answers (n = 9) Colour (n = 8), colour and skin appendages (n = 2) Colour (n = 22)
Population decline Yes (n = 2) Yes (n = 17) Yes (n = 9), no (n = 3) Yes (n = 16), no (n = 1) Yes (n = 5), no (n = 6) no answers (n = 1) Yes (n = 3), no (n = 4) no answers (n = 23) Yes (n = 8), no (n = 2) Yes (n = 5), no (n = 17)
Habitats Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 2) Estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 17) Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 12) Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 17) Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 12) Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 12), sea only (n = 12), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 6) Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 9), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 1) Estuarine areas only (camboas) (n = 21), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 1)
Seasonal migration Yes (n = 2) Yes (n = 17) Yes (n = 9), no answers (n = 3) Yes (n = 5), no (n = 1), no answers (n = 11) Yes (n = 9), no (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) Yes (n = 10), no (n = 1), no answers (n = 19) No (n = 10) No (n = 22)
Quoted prey types Shrimp larvae (n = 2) Shrimp and larvae (n = 4), algae (n = 4), "lodo" (n = 5), no answers (n = 4) Adult shrimp (n = 2), shrimp larvae (n = 7), algae (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) Adult shrimp (n = 1), shrimp larvae (n = 4), mud and "lodo" (n = 2), no answers (n = 10) Fish and algae (n = 1), shrimp larvae (n = 3), crabs (n = 2), "dirt in the water" (n = 3), "lodo" (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) "Dirt in the water" (n = 1), no answers (n = 29) Egg of fish (1), algae (n = 1), "dirt in the water" (n = 1), mud and "lodo" (n = 6), no answers (n = 1) "Dirt in the water" (n = 4), lama and "lodo" (n = 10), shrymp larvae (1), algae (n = 3), no answers (6)
Quoted predators None (all answers) None (all answers) None (n = 5), large fish ("mero") (n = 1), no answers (n = 6) None (n = 1), crabs (n = 1), no answers (n = 15) "Baiacu" (n = 4), "moréias" (n = 3), no answers (n = 5) Other fishes (n = 1); "cioba", "cavala" e "beijupirá" (n = 1), no answers (n = 28) "Baiacu" (n = 1), "dourado velho" (n = 1), "bagre" (n = 1), "carapitanga" (n = 1), "siri" (n = 2), no answers (n = 7) "Baiacu" (n = 3), "pacamão" (n = 2), "bagre" (n = 2), "cioba" (n = 1), no answers (n = 16)
Feeding behavior One respondent Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned
Social structure (adults) Not mentioned Not mentioned Solitary (generally) (n = 7), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 5) Solitary (generally) (n = 14), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 1), solitary and groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 1), no answers (n = 1) Solitary (generally) (n = 4), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 5), solitary or in groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) Solitary (generally) (n = 8), no answers (n = 22) Solitary (generally) (n = 3), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 7) Solitary (generally) (n = 9), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 9), solitary or in groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 4)
Presence of brooding pouch Female (n = 2) Male (n = 1), female (n = 16) Male (n = 6), female (n = 4), no answers (n = 2) Male (n = 5), female (n = 8), no answers (n = 4) Male (n = 10), female (n = 2) Male (n = 1), female (n = 1), no answers (n = 28) Male (n = 3), female (n = 7) Female (n = 22)
Courtship behavior One respondent Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned Three respondents Not mentioned
Reproductive period Summer (n = 2) Summer (n = 14), throughout the year (n = 1), no answers (n = 2) Winter (n = 1), throughout the year (n = 1), no answers (n = 10) Summer (n = 1), Winter (n = 4), no answers (n = 12) Summer (n = 1), Winter (n = 6), throughout the year (n = 3), no answers (n = 2) Winter (n = 1), no answers (n = 29) Summer (n = 1), Winter (n = 1), throughout the year (n = 2), no answers (n = 6) Winter (n = 5), no answers (n = 17)