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Table 1 Overview of the research areas

From: Personal networks: a tool for gaining insight into the transmission of knowledge about food and medicinal plants among Tyrolean (Austrian) migrants in Australia, Brazil and Peru

Criteria Peru Brazil Australia
Social milieu and structure of settlement municipality (7,760 inhabitants), no road access until 1975 municipality (6,400 inhabitants), good road access Tyroleans dispersed in different urban and peri-urban areas
Economic conditions high importance of agriculture and forestry work agriculture, tourism, woodwork high importance of non-agricultural labour
Environmental conditions humid, tropical climate temperate climatic conditions ranges from temperate climate to subtropical climate
Type of immigration colonisation project under governmental agreement organised group funded by the Austrian government individual immigration mostly under the Assisted Passage Scheme
Date of immigration 1859 and 1869: approx. 310 Tyroleans 1933 to 1939: approx. 560 Tyroleans 1952 to 1961: approx. 17,000 Austrians