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Table 1 List of plants used in the Roviana, sorted alphabetically by the Roviana name, with use purposes observed

From: Interaction between forest biodiversity and people’s use of forest resources in Roviana, Solomon Islands: implications for biocultural conservation under socioeconomic changes

Roviana name Scientific name Family Plant type a Use purpose b Forest class c
Agana Pandanus spp. Pandanaceae pl/tr T MM
Agana pinomo Pandanus sp. Pandanaceae pl/tr T  
Aroso Calamus spp. Arecaceae cl/pl B, T  
Aroso inoko Calamus sp. Arecaceae cl/pl B  
Asama Lygodium spp. Schizaeaceae fn/cl T  
Babageva masa Heritiera littoralis Ait. Sterculiaceae tr T MR, MM
Balusa Ochroma pyramidale Urb. Bombacaceae tr-l T  
Bebea Tournefortia argentea L. Boraginaceae sh T  
Bekoto Various small palms Arecaceae pl B  
Beti Bambusa spp. Poaceae gr/tr-s B, T  
Binisi Phaseolus vulgaris L. Fabaceae hb F  
Binisi noki Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Cucurbitaceae hb/cl F  
Bobogele Pemphis acidula J.R. & G. Forst. Lythrales sh/tr-s B, T  
Bobopa Epipremnum sp. Araceae cl M  
Bolava Haplolobus canarioides Leenh. Burseraceae tr B MP, MR, ML
Bosi Euodia salomonensis Merr. & Perry Rutaceae tr B MR, MS, BS
Bosi suka Euodia elleryana Muell. Rutaceae tr B MR, MS
Bou Fagraea gracilipes A. Gray Rubiaceae tr B, T  
Buni Calophyllum spp. Clusiaceae tr B, T MP, MR, ML
Dadao Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz Lecythidaceae tr T  
Dalou Pandanus sp. Pandanaceae pl/tr T  
Deri Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf. Cucurbitaceae hb/cr F  
Dikidiki Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) Burk. Dioscoreaceae hb/cl F  
Dodoru Trema orientalis (L.) Bl. Ulmaceae tr B MS
Domu Unidentified   tr B  
Edeve Metroxylon spp. Arecaceae pl (F), B, T  
Eehara Horsfieldia spicata (Roxb.) Sinclair Myristicaceae tr B MP, MR, ML, BP, BS
Egipalanti Solanum melongena L. Solanaceae hb/sh F  
Elelo bakua Cassia alata L. Caesalpiniaceae sh M  
Elohilu Unidentified   tr B  
Gaekubo Garcinia celebica L., G. solomonensis A.C. Sm. Clusiaceae tr B MP, MR, MS, ML
Geholo Schleinitzia novo-guineensis (Warb.) Verdc. Leguminoceae tr-s B  
Gozigolo Scindapsus altissimus V.A.V.R. Araceae cl T  
Guava Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae tr-s F, T  
Gurata Morinda citrifolia L. Rubiaceae tr-s M  
Habe Unidentified    T  
Haila Syzygium sp. Myrtaceae tr T BP
Hakua Musa spp. Musaceae hb/tr-s F  
Halagire Pandanaceae    T BS
Hame Calophyllum paludosum C.T. White., C. neo-ebudicum Guill. Clusiaceae tr B MR
Harekete Microsorium scolopendria (Burm. f.) Copel. Polypodiaceae fn/cl M  
Hebere Dillenia ingens Burtt Dilleniaceae tr-l B MR, MS, ML
Heta (heta manavasa) Areca catechu L. Arecaceae pl F, M, B  
Heta pinomo Areca macrocalyx Zipp. Ex Bl. Arecaceae pl (F), B  
Hioko Syzygium sp. Myrtaceae tr B MP, MR, MS, BP, BS
Hipahipala Syzygium sp. Myrtaceae tr B  
Horehore Calophyllum sp. Clusiaceae tr/tr-l B MP, MR, MS, ML
Hovaka Burckella obovata (Forst.) Pierre Sapotaceae tr-l B, T  
Igisi Piper betle L. Piperaceae sh/cl F, M  
Ika pengi Unidentified    B  
Ivili Intsia bijuga (Colebr.) Kuntze Caesalpiniaceae tr-m B, T  
Kabisi Brassica chinensis L. Cruciferae hb F  
Kakarumu Lumnitzera littorea (Jack.) Voigt Combretaceae tr-s B, T  
Ka n ana Gulubia macrospadix (Burret) H.E. Moore Arecaceae pl B MP, MR, MS, ML
Kapuhu Dillenia salomonensis (C.T. White) Hoogl. Dilleniaceae tr B, T MRML
Karuvera Alocacia macrorrhiza (L.) G. Don Araceae hb   
Keto Zea mays L. Poaceae gr/hb F  
Kikilapa (kilala) Ochroma pyramidale Urb. Bombaceae tr-l T  
Kinu Barringtonia procera (Miers) R.Knuth Lecythidaceae tr F  
Kokeqolo Aglaia brassii Merr. and Perry Meliaceae tr B MP, MR, ML, BP, BS
Kosikosiri Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw. Athyriaceae fn F  
Kukaba Cucumis sativus L. Cucurbitaceae hb/cl F  
Kureu Diospyros ferrea (Willd.) Bakh. Ebenaceae tr-s B MP, MR
Laini Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. Rutaceae tr-s F, M  
Lemone Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. Rutaceae tr-s (F), M  
Leqe Gnetum gnemon L. Gnetaceae tr F BS
Levaleva Unidentified   tr B ML
Likisi Allium porrum L. Liliaceae hb F  
Liqeliqe Unidentified   tr B ML, BP
Lozi Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn., Bombax malabaricum DC. Bombaceae tr-m T  
Lulua Amoora cucullata Roxb. Meliaceae tr B MP, MR, BP, BS
Luluzu Mikania cordata (Burm. f.) B.L. Rob. Asteraceae hb/cl M  
Luzu vaka Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lamk. Convolvulaceae hb/cr F, M  
Mahigeli Gulubia hombronii Becc. Arecaceae pl B  
Manioko Carica papaya L. Caricaceae tr F  
Marihi Dioscorea spp. Dioscoreaceae hb/cl F  
Mavuana Flueggea flexuosa Müll.Arg. Euphorbiaceae tr B, T BS
Mokulou Unidentified   tr B  
Naqarita Cananga odorata (Lamk.) Hook. f. & Thoms. Annonaceae tr-m M, T  
Naru Casuarina equisetifolia J.R. & G. Forst. Casuarinaceae tr-m T  
Nato n o Rhus taitensis Guill. Anacardiaceae tr B, T MS
Neka Hibiscus manihot L. Malvaceae sh F  
Nekete Pipturus argenteus (Forst. f.) Wedd. Urticuliaceae sh/tr-s M  
Nobinobi ime Unidentified Fabaceae   T  
N ohara Cocos nucifera L. Arecaceae pl/tr-m F, M, B, T MM
Nonoqara Nephrolepis hirsutula (Forst.) Presl Oleandraceae fn T  
Okete Canarium indicum L. Burseraceae tr-m F  
Okokete Garuga floribunda Dence., Canarium vitiense A. Grat Burseraceae tr/tr-m B MR, MS
Onioni Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum G. Don Amaryllidaceae hb F  
Opiti Spondias dulcis Sol. ex Parlk., Averrhoa carambola L.    F  
Ore marihi Manihot esculenta Crantz Euphorbiaceae sh F  
Paenapo Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. Bromeliaceae hb F  
Paloto Palaquium erythrospermum Lamk. Sapotaceae tr B MR, ML
Pamukeni Cucurbita moschata (Duch. ex Lamk.) Duch. ex Poir Cucurbitaceae hb/cl F  
Pate Pandanus tectorius Park. Pandanaceae pl/tr T  
Pepa Capsicum annum L. var. grossum Sendt. Solanaceae hb F  
Pepeo Terminalia brassii Exell Combretaceae tr-l B  
Petepete Litsea domarensis Schmidt Lauraceae tr B MS, ML
Petu Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam. Rhizophoraceae tr F, B, T MM
Petukele Macaranga fimbriata S. Moore Euphorbiaceae tr B  
Pidiki Syzygium onesimum Merr. & Perry Myrtaceae tr B, T MP, MR, ML, BP
Pilasi Unidentified    T  
Pinati Arachis hypogaea L. Fabaceae hb F  
Pokopoko Campnosperma brevipetiolata Volkens Anacardiaceae tr-l B, T MR, ML
Pomolo Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck Rubiaceae tr-s F  
Qema Pometia pinnata Forst. f. Sapindaceae tr-m B, T MR, MS, BP
Qoliti Gmelina moluccana Backer ex K.Heyne Verbenaceae tr T MS
Rapa Ficus lancibracteata Corner Moraceae tr B MR, BS
Riqi Pterocarpus indicus Willd. Fabaceae tr-m/tr-l B, T  
Ruqupole Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae hb/ssh (F), T  
Saladia Lactuca sativa L. Asteraceae hb F  
Sasopo Annona muricata L. Annonaceae tr-s F  
Sili Capsicum frutescens L. Solanaceae hb/ssh F  
Sosoruku Sterculia shillinglawii Muell. Sterculiaceae tr T  
Suri Diospyros sp., Timonius forsteri DC   sh/tr-s B, T MP, MR, ML, BS
Suti Saccharum officinarium L. Poaceae gr/hb F  
Talo Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. Araceae hb F  
Tamata Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) Karst. Solanaceae hb F  
Tatalise Terminalia catappa L. Combretaceae tr-m M  
Tita Parinari glaberrima (Hassk.) Hassk. Chrysobalanaceae tr B MP, MR, ML
Titimunuhaha Clerodendrum buchananii (Roxb.) Walp. Verbenaceae sh/tr-s M  
Tivativa Syzygium sp. Myrtaceae tr T MP
Toqo n eta Timonius timon (Spreng.) Merr. Rubiaceae tr M, B, T  
Tototu Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl. Sonneratiaceae tr B, T MM
Totuana Alstonia spectabilis R. Br. Apocynaceae tr M, B MS, BP
Tovinia Canarium salomonense Burtt Burseraceae tr-m F  
Tukituki Macaranga spp. Euphorbiaceae tr B, T MS, ML, BS
Turuto n oro Horsfieldia irya (Gaertn.) Warb. Myrtaceae tr B MR, ML, BS
Uotakuresu Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Brassicaceae hb F  
Valo Gonystylus macrophyllus (Miq.) A. Shaw, G. megacarpus C.T. White Thymelaeaceae tr B MP, MR, MS, ML
Varu Hibiscus tiliaceus L. Malvaceae tr T BS
Vasara Vitex cofassus Reinw. ex Bl. Verbenaceae tr-l B, T BP, BS
Vasavasara Geniostoma rupestris J.R. & G. Forst. Loganiaceae tr B MS, BP
Vogi Crinum asiaticum L. Amaryllidaceae hb M  
Voko Ptychosperma salomonense Burret Arecaceae pl T  
Vorusu Ceriops tagal (Pers.) C.B. Rob. Rhizophoraceae tr B  
Vosevose Neonauclea spp. Naucleaceae tr B, T BP, BS,
Vuagore Dysoxylum excelsum Bl. Meliaceae tr T BS
Zamara Commersonia bartramia (L.) Merr. Sterculiaceae tr-s B MS
Zovi Premna corymbosa (Burm. f.) R. & W. Verbenaceae tr-s T  
No name (introduced plant) Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Apocynaceae hb M  
Name unidentified 1     B  
Name unidentified 2     B  
Name unidentified 3     B  
Name unidentified 4     B  
Name unidentified 5     B  
Name unidentified 6     B  
Name unidentified 7     B  
  1. a Plant type: cl = climber, cr = creeper, ep = epiphyte, fn = fern, gr = grass, hb = herb, sh = shrub, tr = tree (size unidentified), tr-s = tree-small (<12 m tall), tr-m = tree-medium (12–25 m tall), tr-l = tree-large (>25 m tall) (Henderson and Hancock [4]).
  2. b Use purpose: F = food, M = medicine, B = building, T = tool; use purposes observed during the research periods are shown; those observed outside of the study period were also shown in parenthesis.
  3. c Forest class: MP = main island, primary forest, MR = main island, reserve forest, MS = main island, secondary forest, ML = main island, logged forest, BP = barrier island, primary forest, BS = barrier island, secondary forest, MM = main island, mangrove; only trees observed in this study were shown.