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Table 5 Results of paired student t-test or Wilcoxon signed rank test (t and W, respectively) of plant species by use category mentioned by men and women at El Salto

From: Factors affecting ethnobotanical knowledge in a mestizo community of the Sierra de Huautla Biosphere Reserve, Mexico

Use category Number of species mentioned by men Number of species mentioned by women Test value P-value#
Medicinal 4.1 ± 1.9 4.7 ± 1.9 T = 1.1 P = 0.31
Edible 5.3 ± 1.1 5.2 ± 1.2 W = 22.5 P = 0.53
Timber yielding construction 7.5 ± 1.4 5.1 ± 2.7 T = 2.9 P = 0.02
Firewood 3.1 ± 0.9 2.6 ± 0.8 W = 32.5 P = 0.04
Crafts 3.5 ± 1.9 0.6 ± 0.9 W = 120 P < 0.01
Mystical-religious 7.4 ± 2.0 8.8 ± 1.9 T = 2.1 P = 0.049
Fodder 3.6 ± 1.9 0.7 ± 1.1 W = 136 P < 0.01
Farming wooden tools 4.3 ± 2.1 1.6 ± 1.8 T = 4.1 P < 0.01
Domestic wooden tools 4.0 ± 2.2 2.2 ± 1.4 T = 2.7 P = 0.02
Ornamental 2.6 ± 0.8 3.2 ± 0.5 W = 3 P = 0.04
Poison 3.8 ± 1.0 1.0 ± 0.0 W = 136 P < 0.01
Commercialization of wild plants 3.8 ± 0.9 3.3 ± 0.4 W = 21 P = 0.03
  1. #= Statistical significant p-values are highlighted in bold.