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Table 2 Wild food plants collected by at least two informants

From: Wild food plants used by the Tibetans of Gongba Valley (Zhouqu county, Gansu, China)

Family Species Part collected Local Chinese name Local Chinese name (pinyin) Local Tibetan name (broad transcription of pronunciation according to IPA)$
Actinidiaceae Actinidia tetramera Maxim. F - - dz ɨmә dz ile
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus retroflexus L.* L 绿苋 Liu Xian ɕir
  Chenopodium album L. L 灰灰菜, 灰条 Hui Hui Cai, Hui Tiao (ng)tieni
  Acroglochin persicarioides Moq.* L 复灰条 Fu Hui Tiao tieniliәmә [literally ‘sheep Chenopodium’]
Amaryllidaceae Allium victorialis L. L 鹿角菜 Luo Er Jiu ʐe:/ʐɨ:
  Allium sp. L 老葱, 野蒜, 野葱 Lao Cong, Ye Suan, Ye Cong dz uɔma , guɔ
Anacardiaceae Rhus verniciflua Stokes L 刺菜 Ci Cai sihei
Apiaceae Carum carvi L. F(SP) 野茴香 Ye Hui Xiang gɨni
Araliaceae Eleutherococcus giraldii (Harms) T.Nakai , L 五爪菜 Wu Zhua Cai si:zana, sɨriana
  Eleutherococcus leucorrhizus Oliv. L 五爪菜 Wu Zhua Cai si:zana, sɨriana
  Aralia chinensis L. L 木兰头 Mu Ian Tou liæ(n)mə, liәmu
Asteraceae Artemisia subdigitata Mattf.* L 牛尾蒿 Niu Wei Hao k(h)ɨeba, k(h)aba
  Ixeris chinensis Nakai. L, R 苦麻菜 Ku Ma Cai kuga, kuhua
  Prenanthes macrophylla Franch.* L 山尖子 Shan Jian Zi pahu:, paɣu:
  Saussurea sp. L 筒筒菜 Tong Tong Cai ini
  Sinacalia tangutica (Maxim.) B.Nord.** R 毛鞋 Mao Hai paibɔ, piaba, paibie
  Sonchus oleraceus L. L 筒筒菜 Tong Tong Cai wu: [mainly], (ng)wu:, muwawu:, muwawu:
  Taraxacum cf mongolicum Han.-Mzt L, R 蒲公英 Pu Gong Ying aukuɣua, aukəɣa
Athyriaceae Athyriopsis sp. L 白蕨 Bai Jue ala
Brassicaceae Brassica campestris L. L 油菜 You Cai gu, gɔu
  Cardamine macrophylla Willd. L 湿根菜 Shi Gen Cai idi
  Thlaspi arvense L. L 苦根菜 Ku Gen Cai a : n
Campanulaceae Adenophora stricta Miq. L, R 泡参 Pao Shen әmu dʐәla
Caprifoliaceae Lonicera standishii Carr. F 荞皮子 Qiao Pi Zi (k)alaɨala, asa, kagu ie , kai/gai, ɕiese(ng)
  Lonicera tragophylla Hemsl. ex Forb. & Hemsl. Fl 鱼鱼花 Yu Yu Hua mudesɨbe, nɨmenu, dz ɨmutza :
  Triosteum pinnatifidum Maxim. F 白蛋 Bai Dan kelu, keɨü, kalɔilɔ, alaɨala
  Triosteum himalayanum Wall. F - - dz ɨben , ib i en , isxxxniuga , dz ɨmasɨ , ɨma
  Viburnum betulifolium Batalin F - - dz ɨsɨlib i әe , dz ɨsɨ libiәe , isɨ
  Viburnum glomeratum Maxim. F - -  
Cephalotaxaceae Cephalotaxus sinensis (Rehder & E.H.Wilson) H.L.Li F 水柏子 Shui Bai Zi eɣu , eɣu
Cornaceae Cornus japonica Thunb. F 荔枝 Li Zhi  
Corylaceae Corylus sieboldiana Blume F 榛子 Zhen Zi tsɨ ga , iga
  Corylus heterophylla Fisch. ex Besser F 榛子 Zhen Zi tsɨ ga , iga
  Corylus ferox Wall. F 榛子 Zhen Zi tsɨ ga , iga
Dennstaedtiaceae Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. latiusculum L 阳蕨 Yang Jue ɕi : ala
Eleagnaceae Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. F 尖子 Jian Zi hələ, ʂilə
  Hippophae rhamnoides L. F    la its ɨma , ɨmɨ e , la its ɨmәgu , laigә
Fabaceae Sophora alopecuroides L. S(SP) 苦豆 Ku Dou not recorded
Helwingiaceae Helwingia japonica (Thunb.) F. L 叶里开花 Ye Li Kai Hua susaɕi
Juglandaceae Juglans cathayensis Dode F, FL 野核桃 Ye He Tao nina, dienanu, dienane = walnut flɔwers[die = walnut tree]
Lamiaceae Caryopteris divaricata Maxim. L - - nina
  Mentha haplocalyx Briq.* L 薄荷 Bo He ɕiucә, ɕiәʐә
  Stachys affinis Bunge R - - baʐɨ
Lardizabalaceae Decaisnea fargesii Franch F 鬼指头 Gui Zhi Tou iar ә , uar ә
  Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz. F - - dz әme iәu
Liliaceae Lilium sp. R 大花, 百合 Da Hua, Bai He ɕiebu
Malvaceae Malva verticillata L. L 锦葵 Jin Kui (ng)nagu, nɨnagu, ɨamuda
Meliaceae Toona sinensis (A.Juss.) M.Roem. L 香椿 Xiang Chun ts aiʐɨme
Moraceae Morus australis Poir. F 野桑子,野桑葚, Ye Sang Zi, Ye Sang Shen dusɨbielu, anaʐɨna
Onocleaceae Matteucia intermedia C.Chr. L 白蕨 Bai Jue ala
  Matteucia struthiopteris (L.) Tod. L 白蕨 Bai Jue ala
Pinaceae Pinus armandii Franch. S 黄松, 苏木头 Huang Song, Su Mu Tou tɔm(u)gu, tɔm(u)gə tɔr(ə), tɔʐɨ
Plantaginaceae Plantago depressa Willd.* L 车前 Che Qian u ia , ts u iang i , samɔdɔdeɕi, sɨmatutaɕie
Polygonaceae Persicaria alata (Buch.-Ham.) Nakai* L 鬼荞 Gui Qiao khiere ɔulemə , tuanle ɔu , lianmen
Ranunculaceae Caltha palustris L. L 黄花菜 Huang Hua Cai huamien ts ai , abububa
Rhamnaceae Berchemia sinica C.K.Schneid. F 提格儿 Ti Ge Er saü, sawi, saɨu
  Rhamnus rosthornii E.Pritz. ex Diels F - - ts ɨde ts ɨma , ts ɨma , ts ɨdәgɨ
Rosaceae Crataegus wilsonii Sarg. F 面梨 Mian Li da:da:
  Crataegus kansuensis E.H.Wilson F 面梨 Mian Li da:da:
  Fragaria pentaphylla Losinsk. F 瓢子 Piaozi ɕü
  Maddenia hypoleuca Koehne F - - ɕiana
  Malus baccata (L.) Borkh. F 山定子 Shan Ding Zi sәmәnia
  Neillia sinensis Oliv. L 茶格 Cha Ge mahadәʐә, wahadәʐә, wahadәr, mahuɔtu
  Prunus davidiana Franch. F 野毛桃 Ye Mao Tao ti:, ting, kuaʐә, kuebu, kuɔʐuɔ, kuumɔ
  Prunus salicina Lindl F 苦李子, 野李子 Ku Li Zi, Ye Li Zi ile , dz ilә
  Prunus tomentosa Thunb. F - - nesɨ
  Pyrus xerophila T.T.Yu F 野酸梨 Ye Suan Li ɕieʐɨ, ɕiedɔ, aʐә ɕiɔ:, ɕialә(ng)
  Rosa brunonii Lindl. F 刺格 Ci Ge ie ɨ ts ɨma , ts ɨmadudu , ts ɨmadɔdɔ , ts ɨmate , ɕidie iu , ia ts ɨma , ts ɨ imagu , i i
  Rubus amabilis Focke F 红帽子 Hong Mao Zi ʐәna, ʐɨna, eɕiehɔlɔ , ʐɨna mɨngʐɨ, ʐɨna ɕiʐu
  Rubus mesogaeus Focke F 黑帽子 Hei Mao Zi ʐәna, ʐɨna
  Rubus thibetanus Franch F 黑帽子 Hei Mao Zi ʐәna, ʐɨna, uәr , duheni, ɕiehele, wunihebie
  Rubus xanthocarpus Bureau & Franch. F 黄帽子 Huang Mao Zi ts ɨma , diuhɨn, diuheni, u l e , ʐɨna i
  Sorbus xanthoneura Rehder F 黄脉花楸 Huang Mai Hua Qiu duɔsi(ɕieduɔ), umaɕiaɔ , umaɕieda
Rutaceae Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. L, F 椒芽, 花椒 Jiao Ya, Hua Jiao ɨime
Salicaceae Populus davidiana Dode FL 杨树花 Yang Shu Hua -
  Salix spp. FL 柳花 Liu Hua ɨanilɔ
Santalaceae Buckleya henryi Diels F -   әma
Saxifragaceae Rodgersia aesculifolia Batalin** R 鬼灯擎 Gui Deng Qing hamahaʐɨ
Schisandraceae Schisandra sphenanthera Rehder & E.H.Wilson F 五味子 Wu Wei Zi wi:, wәi
Staphyleaceae Staphylea holocarpa Hemsl. L 亮子尖 Liang Zi Jian zәmәduɕiә, amuduɕie , amuduɕie ɕiegie, liang dz ɨ , ruanma
Thelypteridaceae Pseudocyclosorus subochthoides (Ching) Ching L 白蕨 Bai Jue ala
Urticaceae Urtica fissa E.Pritz. ex Diels* L 荨麻 Qian Ma sana [mainly], sapa a [rarely]
Vitaceae Vitis piasezkii Maxim. F 野葡萄 Ye Pu Tao zɨmuguan u , zɨmugu u , zɨmugu ɨ , ɨemuguɔ
  1. Plant parts: L – young leaves, buds or other aerial parts; F – fruits; FL – inflorescences; R – roots, rhizomes etc.; S – seeds; SP – used as spice.
  2. *controversial food plants, nowadays used by very few informants; regarded by most people as inedible or unattractive but usually widely used as food for pigs.
  3. **used only as famine food in 1959–61.
  4. $the accent always falls on the last syllable of the word.