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Table 2 Information on insect repellent plants in relation with plant parts used, method of application and types of insects repelled

From: Insect repellent plants traditional usage practices in the Ethiopian malaria epidemic-prone setting: an ethnobotanical survey

S. No. Vernacular name (Afaan Oromoo) Family name Plant Scientific name Voucher No. UR (n = 199) (%)a Plant Part(s) used Method of application Insect(s) control
1 Dhumugaa Acanthaceae Justicia schimperiana T. JER13 57 28.7 Leaves Burning to generate smoke. Mosquitoes and coachroaches
2 Qullubii adii Alliaceae Allium sativum Linn. JER17 62 31.2 Bulb Crushing and applying the juice on the skin. Mosquitoes
3 Eebicha Asteraceae Vernonia amygdalina Del. JER8 71 35.7 Leaves and barks Crushing the leaves and apply the juice on the exposed parts of the body. Tick, mites and mosquitoes
4 Qabaaricho Asteraceae Echinops kebericho Mesfin. JER15 60 30.2 Root Dried parts burned to generate smoke Mosquitoes
5 Fexo Brassicaceae Lepidium sativum Linn JER12 51 25.7 Seeds Crushing and applying on skin also drinking Mosquitoes, housefly, ticks and mites.
6 Sanaficaa Brassicaceae Brassica nigra Linn. Koch JER20 31 15.6 Seeds Seed crushed and its juice rubbed on the body Mosquitoes
7 Qomonyoo Buddlejaceae Buddleja polystachya Fresen. JER19 59 29.7 Dermis of roots Burning the dried roots to generate smoke. Mosquitoes
8 Ixanaa( nadii) Burseraceae Boswellia papyrifera (Del.) Hochst. JER10 98 49.3 Barks and Resin Burning to barks and resin to generate smoke. Mosquitoes and house fly
9 Papayaa Caricaceae Carica papaya Linn. JER2 56 28.2 Leaves Crushing the dried leaves and apply the juice on the exposed parts of the body. Mosquitoes and ticks
10 Bukbuka Colchicaceae Colchicum autumnale Linn. JER1 53 26.7 Barks/dermis Burning the dried parts to generate smoke.  
11 Gatirra Habasha Cupressaceae Cupressus lusitanica Mill. JER6 143 71.9 Leaves, dermis, barks Burning dried parts to generate smoke. Mosquitoes and house fly
12 Bakanissa Euphorbiaceae Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Del. JER4 87 43.8 Leaves Burning the dried leaves to generate smoke. Mosquitoes
13 Qobo Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis Linn. JER9 54 27.2 Seeds Seed crushed and it juices applied on the skin. Tick, mosquitoes, and bedbugs
14 Damakessie Lamiaceae (alt. Labiatae) Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. ex Benth. JER3 65 32.7 Leaves Burning dried parts to generate smoke, making juice and applying on skin Mosquitoes
15 Qoricha michii Lamiaceae (alt. Labiatae) Ocimum suave Willd. JER7 61 30.7 Growing plant nearby houses, whole plant and leaves Burning dried parts to generate smoke, making juice and applying on skin Mosquitoes
16 Hincinnii Malvaceae Pavonia urens Cav. JER16 47 23.7 Leaves Burning to generate smoke. Mosquitoes and house fly
17 Akaakltii adii Myrtaceae Eucalyptus globulus Labill JER22 112 61.4 Whole plant and leaves Burning whole plant and crushing leaves and applying on exposed body parts Mosquitoes and other haematophagous insects
18 Bargamoo adii Myrtaceae Eucalyptus citriodora Hook. JER11 59 29.7 Leaves Crushing and applying on skin and burning to generate smoke. Mosquitoes, coachroaches, ticks and house fly
19 Ejersaa Oleaceae Olea europaea Linn. JER18 58 29.1 Leaves and parks Dried parts burned to generate smoke. Mosquitoes and house fly
20 Qolaa burtukanaa Rutaceae Citrus sinensis (L.) Osb. JER21 69 34.7 Peals Dried peels burned to generate smoke Mosquitoes and house fly
21 Lommii Rutaceae Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) JER14 24 12.1 Peels of fruits Crushing and applying on exposed parts of the body. Mosquitoes
22 Hargessa dhala Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe pulcherrima M.G. Gilbert & Sebsebe. JER5 66 33.2 Leaves Burning the dried leaves to generate smoke and crushing leaves to spray in and around houses. Tick and mosquitoes
23 Shitab NA NA NA 43 21.7 Churn of several repellent plant parts Smoking and spray Mosquitoes and other haematophagous insects
  1. Note: NA: the relevant information is not available.
  2. UR: (use-record) the number of the respondents who claimed the use of specific plant as an insect repellent
  3. aPercent does not add up to 100, because of multiple responses.
  4. bShita is a mixture of various traditional repellent plant parts such as stem, root, resin, leaves and bark. It is widely available in the marketplace in the majority of the Ethiopian towns.