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Table 3 Perception of the study participants regarding the traditional insect repellent plants accessibility, affordability, effectiveness and self reported plant specieses, which are scientifically reported and authenticated as insect repellent plants

From: Insect repellent plants traditional usage practices in the Ethiopian malaria epidemic-prone setting: an ethnobotanical survey

S. No. Scientific name Respondents using Is it potentially useful? Is it accessible? Is it affordable? Previously reported or authenticated.
UR (n = 199) Percenta Yes No Yes No Yes No
1. Allium sativum 62 31.2 85.4 14.6 80.6 19.4 88.7 11.3 Valerio and Maroli, [29]
2. Aloe pulcherrima 66 33.2 93.9 06.1 78.7 21.3 68.1 31.9 Bekele et al., [30]
3. Boswellia papyrifera 98 49.3 65.9 34.1 86.8 13.2 75.5 24.5 Karunamoorthi et al., [17]
4. Brassica nigra 31 15.6 80.6 19.4 74.1 25.9 93.5 06.5 Bekele et al., [30]
5. Buddleja polystachya 59 29.7 88.1 11.9 84.7 15.3 77.9 22.1 NA
6. Carica papaya 56 28.2 78.6 21.4 85.8 14.2 92.8 07.2 Kazembe et al., [31]; Rawani et al., [32]
7. Citrus aurantifolia 24 12.1 87.6 12.4 75.1 24.9 83.4 16.6 NA
8. Citrus sinensis 69 34.7 84.1 15.9 94.2 05.8 89.9 10.1 Zewde and Jembere, [33]
9. Colchicum autumnale 53 26.7 92.4 07.6 88.7 11.3 79.2 20.8 NA
10. Croton macrostachyus 87 43.8 68.9 31.1 83.9 16.1 72.4 27.6 Karunamoorthi and Ilango, [3]
11. Cupressus lusitanica 143 71.9 81.9 18.1 78.3 21.7 94.4 05.6 Karunamoorthi et al., [17]
12. Echinops kebericho 60 30.2 88.3 11.7 95.1 4.9 90.1 09.9 Karunamoorthi et al., [15]
13. Eucalyptus citriodora 59 29.7 89.9 10.1 84.7 15.3 81.3 18.7 Palsson and Jaenson, [29]
14. Eucalyptus globulus 112 61.4 85.8 14.2 99.1 00.9 93.7 06.3 Kweka et al., [34]; Palsson and Jaenson, [29]
15. Justicia schimperiana 57 28.7 92.9 07.1 87.8 12.2 80.8 19.2 NA
16. Lepidium sativum 51 25.7 90.1 09.9 96.1 03.9 74.5 25.5 Karunamoorthi and Husen, [18]
17. Ocimum lamiifolium 65 32.7 83.1 16.9 92.3 07.7 95.3 04.7 Bekele et al., [30]
18. Ocimum suave 61 30.7 83.7 16.3 90.1 09.9 78.6 21.4 Kweka et al., [34]; Seyoum et al., [13];
19. Olea europaea 58 29.1 84.4 15.6 89.7 10.3 87.9 12.1 Karunamoorthi et al., [15]
20. Pavonia urens 47 23.7 93.7 06.3 89.3 10.7 80.9 19.1 NA
21. Ricinus communis 54 27.2 88.9 11.1 92.5 07.5 83.3 16.7 Bekele et al., [30]
22. Vernonia amygdalina 71 35.7 84.6 15.4 78.8 21.2 84.5 15.5 Onunkun, [35]
23. Shitab 43 21.7 95.4 04.6 88.4 11.6 81.4 18.6 Karunamoorthi and Husen, [18]
Total     1968.2 331.8 1994.8 305.2 1928.1 371.9  
Percent     85.5 14.5 86.8 13.2 83.9 16.1  
  1. Note: UR: (use-record) the number of the respondents who claimed the use of plant as an insect repellent
  2. aPercent does not add up to 100, because of multiple responses.
  3. bShita is a mixture of various traditional repellent plant parts such as stem, root, resin, leaves and bark. It is widely available in the marketplace in the majority of the Ethiopian towns.
  4. NA: Not available.