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Table 1 Natural plants used for dying by Dong communities of Tongdao County in South Central China

From: Ethnobotany of dye plants in Dong communities of China

Herbarium Voucher # Scientific name Family name Local Han-Chinese name Dong name Parts used Dye uses Color produced Ecological data Medicinal value Other value
Yujing Liu, D6 (MUC) Ardisia crenata Roxb. Myrsinaceae Zhu sha gen朱砂根 Sang mei zhu Root Food and cloth Red Shrub under forest, wild Curing throat swelling and pain, anti-fertility, antivirus, antineoplastic, insect disinfestations Medicinal, ornamental
Yujing Liu, D13 (MUC) Adinandra milletii Benth. et Hook. f. ex Hance Theaceae Yang tong杨桐 Mei tong wu Leaves Food Black Tree in forests, wild None Sacrifice
Yujing Liu, D4 (MUC) Buddleja lindleyana Fortune Loganiaceae Zui yu cao 醉鱼草 Flower Food Yellow Shrub on roadside or river side, wild Anti-inflammatory, analgesic calm and protecting liver Medicinal, ornamental
Yujing Liu, D3 (MUC) Buddleja officinalis Maxim. Loganiaceae Mi meng hua密蒙花 Flower Food Yellow Shrub on roadside or river side, wild Treating dry eyes and gum (in the eyes) caused by liver vacuity, crying, blurred vision and cataracts caused by wind. It has also shown anti-inflammatory and blood glucose-reducing activity, as well as ability to strengthen immunity Medicinal, edible
Yujing Liu, D8 (MUC) Dioscorea cirrhosa Lour. Dioscoreaceae Shu liang薯莨 Tuber Food Brownish red Mountain slope, wild None Medicinal, edible
Yujing Liu, D7 (MUC) Diospyros kaki Thunb. Ebenaceae Shi 柿 Men Bark Food and cloth Russet Tree cultivated in homegarden Clearing heat and removing toxicity, promoting blood circulation, lowering blood pressure functions Medicinal, edible
Yujing Liu, D5 (MUC) Liquidambar formosana Hance Hamamelidaceae Feng xiang shu枫香树 Mei yao Leaves Cloth Black Tree in forest, wild Expel wind-damp, promote the circulation of qi and detoxify Medicinal, timber for furniture-making
Yujing Liu, D1 (MUC) Polygonum tinctorium Ait. Polygonaceae Liao lan蓼蓝 Bai ya Stem Cloth Dark blue Herb cultivated in farming field or homegarden Clear heat and relieve toxicity, cool blood, mainly for curing mumps, decreasing swelling, and relieving pain and itching Medicinal
Yujing Liu, D9 (MUC) Reynoutria japonica Houtt. Polygonaceae Hu zhang虎杖 Xiong shen Root Food and cloth Red Herb in valley or river side, wild Expel wind and promote diuresis, scatter stasis, relieve cough and reduce sputum Medicinal, edible, ornamental, herbal tea
Yujing Liu, D11 (MUC) Sassafras tzumu (Hemsl.) Hemsl. Lauraceae Cha mu檫木 Bark Food Brownish red Tree in forest or mountain slope, wild None Medicinal, timber for furniture-making
Yujing Liu, D2 (MUC) Strobilanthes cusia (Nees) Kuntze Acanthaceae Ban lan板蓝 Sang mei lan Leaves Cloth Dark blue Herb cultivated in farming field or homegarden Clear heat and relieve toxicity, cool blood and relieve sore throat and can kill pathogenic microorganism and improve immunity Medicinal
Yujing Liu, D12 (MUC) Vaccinium bracteatum Thunb. Ericaceae Wu fan shu乌饭树 Leaves Food Black Tree in forest or mountain slope, wild None Medicinal, ornamental
Yujing Liu, D10 (MUC) Zanthoxylum simulans Hance Rutaceae Ye hua jiao 野花椒 La san Root Food Red Shrub in rocky slope, wild None Medicinal, spices
  1. "–" means these Dong names are not still used any more. Therefore, we could not record their names. Other Dong names are still used.