Skip to main content

Table 4 Daily dosage in dry plant equivalent per kg metabolic body weight (g/kg 0.75 ) of homemade single species herbal remedies (HSHR) used in orally administered preparations

From: Ethnoveterinary herbal remedies used by farmers in four north-eastern Swiss cantons (St. Gallen, Thurgau, Appenzell Innerrhoden and Appenzell Ausserrhoden)

Plant species with ≥ 3 reported HSHR and documented dosage Daily dose [g/kg0.75] Determined daily dose [g/kg0.75] in Aargau, Zurich and Schaffhausen (arithmetic mean) [16] Converted animal daily dose [g/kg0.75] (Reichling et al. [41]) Converted human daily dose [g/kg0.75] (ESCOP [42])
Calf (75 kg) Cattle (650 kg) Others1 Arithmetic mean (median; minimum value- maximum value)
(MWB = 25.5 kg0.75) (MBW = 128.7 kg0.75)
Coffea arabica L. Semen (18) 0.04 0.04, 0.06, 0.06, 0.07, 0.112,1.583 0.35 0.37 - -
0.09, 0.13, 0.19, 0.19,
0.31, 0.31, 0.45, 0.45, (0.19; 0.04-1.58)
  0.51, 0.71, 1.06
Urtica dioica L. Herba (18) 0.55, 2.21 0.02, 0.02, 0.03, 0.10, 0.064, 0.535, 0.796, 0.905, 1.054 0.49 2.39 0.19-0.397 0.35-0.52
0.16, 0.22, 0.22, 0.26, (0.26; 0.02-2.21) 0.39-0.988
0.19-0.384
  0.26, 0.43, 0.96
Matricaria recutita L. Flos(13) 0.12, 0.16, 0.17, 1.94   1.12 0.22 0.19-0.39 0.39-0.52
  0.16, 0.35,       
  0.47, 0.53, 0.68       
     (0.53; 0.12-5.88)    
  0.79,1.32,       
  2.00, 5.88       
Linum usitatissimum L. Semen (12) 4.41, 4.41, 0.62, 0.78, 1.57, 1.62,   5.16 2.92 0.39-1.557 0.66
  5.12, 10.97,      0.98-1.968  
   1.62, 7.78, 7.78   (4.21; 0.62-15.69)    
  15.69       
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze Folium (7) 0.12, 0.53, 0.56,   0.189 0.64 - 1.67-6.6711, 12 -
  0.62, 0.71, 1.74 (0.56; 0.12-1.74)
Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeusch. Rhizoma (4) 0.004, 0.004 0.11, 0.44   0.14 - 0.16-0.317 -
  (0.06; 0.004-0.44) 0.20-0.598
Allium sativum L. Bulbus (3) 1.76   0.1010, 1.5010 1.12 - 0.16-0.23 0.09-0.17
  (1.50; 0.10-1.76)
Carum carvi L. Fructus (3) 3.15 0.11, 0.14   1.13 1.13 0.19-0.39 0.07-0.26
  (0.14; 0.11-3.15)
Geranium robertianum L.s.str. Herba (3) 0.001 0.02, 0.11   0.04 - - -
  (0.02; 0.001-0.11)
Rumex obtusifolius L. Radix (3) 0.82, 1.18, 3.15    1.72 - - -
  (1.18; 0.82-3.15)
  1. 1hens, pigs, dogs, rabbit, sheeps, goats and donkeys, 2young sheep, 3rabbits, 4pigs, 5goats, 6donkeys, 7cattle, 8calves, 9dogs, 10hens, 11rats, 12Besra et al.: Antidiarrhoeal Activity of Hot Water Extract of Black Tea (Camellia sinensis) [50].