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Table 1 Species used as WLVs and their local names in 3 different sites in Morocco

From: Wild leafy vegetable use and knowledge across multiple sites in Morocco: a case study for transmission of local knowledge?

Family Botanical Name Identification Local names Previously reported in literature
    Taounate Azilal El Haouz
Apiaceae Ammi majus L. In field, AO 2007 BP2012-13/14/15/63/64/66 TRAYLAN/TRYLANE* (SSN, CHC, ABH) TRYLA/TRYLILA (CHC, IZR) Not recorded Not recorded Bellakhdar 1997 [29], tlaylan, traylal
Apiaceae Ferula communis L. BP2012-12/31/67 SLILY Not recorded WA’MSA Bellakhdar 1997 [29], boubal
Apiaceae Foeniculum sp. (cf F. vulgare Mill.) In field, AO 2012 Not collected, possibly SLILY Not recorded WA’MSA Bellakhdar 1997 [29], besbes wamssa
Apiaceae Ridolfia segetum Moris In field, AO 2005 BP2012-45 SLILY Not recorded (maybe another var. of WA’MSA) Bellakhdar 1997 [29] and Tanji and Nassif 1995 [2] in Chaouia and Doukkala, tebch
Asteraceae Anacyclus clavatus (Desf.) Pers. and Anacyclus radiatus Loisel. BP2012-21/40/41/58 KRAI GHORAB (CHC) KHOBIZA (SSN) Not recorded Not recorded Not reported
Asteraceae Calendula arvensis L., Calendula cf. suffruticosa Vahl and other Calendula spp. In field, AO 2005 BP2012-16/17/32/33/34 NOUR JENA (SSN, IZR) Not recorded Available but not eaten Not reported
Asteraceae Carduus tenuiflorus Curtis. BP2012-09/10 Maybe also called GERNINA Maybe also called TAGHDIOUT TAGHIDIOUT Not reported
Asteraceae Centaurea aspera L. BP2012-48/49 FOUWAHA (ABH, IZR) Not recorded Not recorded Tanji and Nassif 1995 [2] in Chaouia, daaga, shefraj, zmamour
Asteraceae Glebionis coronaria (L.) Cass. ex Spach BP2012-51/57 KRAA, DJEJEA KRAA, RJEL FLOUS (ABH) Not recorded Not recorded Nassif and Tanji 2013 [1], gahwan, kraa djaja, ghadou mlal
Asteraceae Leontodon spp., Leontodon maroccanus Ball, Leontodon saxatilis Lam. BP2012-26/27/38/39 HALIOWA (SSN) Not recorded Not recorded Nassif and Tanji 2013 [1] in Marmoucha, tizodia
Asteraceae Scolymus maculatus L. and Scolymus hispanicus L. (local names might also refer to Echinops spinosus L. and Carduus spp.) In field, AO 2007 BP2012-23/59 GERNINA, JARNIJ (ABH, CHC) SRA (SSN, IZR) TAGHDIOUT TAGHDIOUT Bellakhdar 1997 [29] and Tanji and Nassif 1995 [2], guernina, taghediwt
Asteraceae Sonchus oleraceus L., and possibly other Sonchus spp. BP2012-02/03/04 Available but not eaten Not recorded ANKRASH AMGHOUD Bellakhdar 1997 [29] and Tanji and Nassif 1995 [2], Nassif and Tanji 2013 [1], tifaf, tadgarnit
Brassicaceae Diplotaxis catholica (L.) DC. and Diplotaxis tenuisiliqua Delile and Diplotaxis sp. In field, AO 2007 BP2012-46/55/56 BOUHAMOU (all but CHC) SHARIAT (CHC) Not recorded Available but not eaten Bellakhdar 1997 [29], kerkaz, cheryat
Brassicaceae Nasturtium officinale R.Br. In field, AO 2007 BP2012-06 GARNOUNCH Not recorded GERNOUNCH (w flws), TKLEM GELSHIEFT (no flws) Bellakhdar 1997 [29] Nassif and Tanji 2013 [1], gernounej
Brassicaceae Sinapis spp. (possibly S. arvensis L.) In field, AO 2007 BOUHAMOU** (SSN, IZR) SHARIAT (CHC) Not recorded Available but not eaten Nassif and Tanji 2013 [1], bahaou
Brassicaceae Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. BP2012-20 SHARIAT (CHC) Not recorded Not recorded Nassif and Tanji 2013 [1] in Marmoucha, laihyane
Caryophyllaceae Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke BP2012-07/08 No record Not recorded TAGHIRASHT Bellakhdar 1997 [29] Nassif and Tanji 2013 [1], tighecht, tighighit
Chenopodiaceae Beta macrocarpa Guss. No identification, based on rosettes and other literature Possibly SELK Not recorded Not recorded Nassif and Tanji 2013 [1], in Marmoucha, selg, tibidas
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album L., also Chenopodium spp. In field, AO 2005 BP2012-24/25 RJEL FLOUS (sometimes FOURA in SSN) MOUD MAZIR (IBN) Available but not eaten Not reported
Geraniaceae Erodium moschatum L’Her. Ex Aiton, Erodium touchyanum Delile ex Godr., Erodium praecox (Cav.) Mendonca & Carv. In field, AO 2007 BP2012-35/36/37/54 KARN KEBISHA/KARN KEBSA (SSN, IZR) MESK AZARA*** (CHC) Available but not eaten Available but not eaten Bellakhdar 1997 [29], hellalt neyreb, lkhellal
Malvaceae Malva spp. (M. parviflora L., M. nicaeensis All., M. neglecta Wallr., M. hispanica L.) (Nomenclature varied from one family to another, usually one vernacular name for the whole generic complex) In field, AO 2005 BP2012-01/22/28/29/ 47/70 BAKOLA HOURA, BAKOLA HOURIN, KHOBIZA, KHOBIZA GHRAB TIBI KHOBIZA TIBI KHOBIZA Bellakhdar 1997 [29], Tanji and Nassif 1995 [2], khoubbiza, lkhoubiez, tibi, abajir, beqoula
Polygonaceae Emex spinosa (L.) Campd. BP2012-42/43/44 HOUMIDA (and sometimes SELK) HOUMIDA HOUMIDA Bellakhdar 1997 [29], Tanji and Nassif 1995 [2], lhenzab, hoummedia, tassemount
Polygonaceae Rumex pulcher L., Rumex obtusifolius L. and Rumex spp. (possibly R. crispus L., R. vesicarius L.) In field, AO 2007 BP2012-18/19/65/71 HOUMIDA ITZ, IBITZ, IBITAZ, TIFILSHOUT Possibly TIFILSHOUT Bellakhdar 1997 [29], hoummedia, tassemount
Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea L. In field, AO 2005 TRJLA Not recorded TAGERLOUCHT Bellakhdar 1997 [29], Tanji and Nassif 1995 [2], Hadjichambis et al. [3] trejla, agertin, timeqsine
  1. *In IZR Traylane is reported as another name for Trylila.
  2. **No Shariat reported in SSN or IZR and no Bouhamou reported in CHC, indicating likely different names for same plant.
  3. ***In SSN and IZR informants say Mesk Azara is the same as or a type of Kam Kebsa.