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Table 5 Enset landrace nomenclature after names of places, animals, morphological traits and use-values in Wolaita, Southern Ethiopia

From: Indigenous knowledge, use and on-farm management of enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman) diversity in Wolaita, Southern Ethiopia

Naming of landraces Representative landrace vernacular names with their English translation Implication of the vernacular names
After names of places Boroda-wanadiyia (from Boroda Woreda), Dawro-arkiya, (from Dawro Zone), Kambata (from Kambata Zone), Kucha-arkiya (from Kucha Woreda) Origin of the landraces from bordering and nearby Woredas and Zones
After names of animals Bora (Oxen- for feeding preference), Fara (Horse-feeding preference), Genessa (Antelope-indicating erect leaves like antelopes ear), Godariya (Hyena-to indicate big size and ugly color of the landrace) *Implying landrace size, color, leave shape, suitability of landrace to feed different animals
After names of crop plants Banga (Hordeum vulgare L.), *Implies taste similarities of the corm of landrace as barley foods
After typical agronomic characteristics Dirbuwa (fast/hurry) Early maturity of the landrace
After typical morphological characteristics Lembuwa (Dropping), Lochingia (Thin), Leaf Morphology
Maziya (Big, fat) Silqantiya (Weak, unable to stand) Implying plant size and pseudostem strength
Agino (the Moon, related to the Moon's color) Referring to white/creamy color of pseudostem
Suitia (blood or bleeding, red sap color) Referring to the sap color
After sensory cooking qualities of landraces Chemia (Bitter not sweet), Sassa (silent, not delicious), Gassa (offensive bad smell), Implying landrace food taste and smell
After typical use of landrace Tuffa (fiber, fibrous pseudostems) Referring to the fibrous nature of the landrace and its importance for fiber
Argama (Clan group in Wolaita) *Refereeing to the Clan cultivating the landrace
Names given after different physical entities, biological organisms and names of people Ankuwa (Vulcher); Buluwa (Solanum campylacanthum Hochst. ex A. Rich.); Mahia (Tiger) Sanka (Door); Bala and Erasha (Name of a person) Unexplained meaning
Difficult to know landrace nomenclatures Achaka, Adinona, Ala-genna Lalukiya, Mochiya, Shalakumiya, Shamaruwa and many others in Table 3 Unexplained meaning and implication
  1. *Although farmers agree/know the meaning of landrace names they are not sure of its implied meaning; The nomenclature and implied meaning wasn't known from the discussions and interviews with the community.