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Table 6 Local knowledge on conservation

From: Local ecological knowledge of the artisanal fishers on Epinephelus itajara (Lichtenstein, 1822) (Teleostei: Epinephelidae) on Ilhéus coast – Bahia State, Brazil

Population status Number Frequency (%)
Always been rare with Bottom-line 2 8.3
Decrease 15 62.5
Increase 4 16.7
Did not respond 3 12.5
Impacts of fishing gear
Gillnet 7 29.2
Long-line 6 25.0
Spearfishing 12 50.0
Shrimp-trawling 3 12.5
Increase of outsiders ships 11 45.8
Conservation strategies*
Inspection 15 62,5
Coastal zoning 5 20,8
Fish closed season** 3 12,5
Marine Protected Area** 7 29.2
No have solution 4 16,7
  1. *recommendations from expert fishermen for the conservation of E. itajara.
  2. **associate to other strategies.