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Table 2 Ritual uses of palms in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Ritual uses of palms in traditional medicine in sub-Saharan Africa: a review

Palm species Palm part(s) used Purpose
Borassus aethiopum Mart. African fan palm seed, root - treatment of diseases and disorders
- ceremonies
Cocos nucifera L. Coconut fruit, entire palm tree - treatment of diseases and disorders
- sacred places
- offerings
Dypsis canaliculata Jum. (Beentje) & J.Dransf. entire palm tree - sacred places
Dypsis fibrosa (C.H.Wright) Beentje & J.Dransf. leaf - ceremonies
Dypsis pinnatifrons Mart. leaf - ceremonies
Elaeis guinnensis Jacq. African oil palm fruit, seed, infructescence/inflorescence, leaf, root - treatment of diseases and disorders
- offerings
- protection
- oracles
- taboo
Elaeis guineensis var. idolatrica A.Chev. entire palm tree - sacred places
Hyphaene coriacea Gaertn. Doum palm leaf - treatment of diseases and disorders
- ceremonies
Hyphaene petersiana Klotzsch ex Mart. leaf - ceremonies
Phoenix reclinata Jacq. Senegal date palm leaf - ceremonies
Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl. leaf - ceremonies
Raphia hookeri G.Mann & H.Wendl. Raphia-palm seed - treatment of diseases and disorders
Raphia vinifera P.Beauv. West African piassava palm, Bamboo-palm leaf - protection
Unidentified palm species leaf - treatment of diseases and disorders
- offerings
- protection
- oracles
   - ceremonies
  1. The purposes are generalized into categories.