Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Medicinal species used in the Mapuche-Tehuelche Nahuelpan community

From: Medicinal plants in the cultural landscape of a Mapuche-Tehuelche community in arid Argentine Patagonia: an eco-sensorial approach

Species Family Common names Origin Unit of the landscape Medicinal uses Consensus RI RI×Consensus Sensorial property
Gunnera tinctoria (Molina) Mirb. Gunneraceae Nalca Na Water bodies/Purchase/barter GI, RE, CV, AAI, CUS, OG, GU 83.3 1.9 156.3 TA
Valeriana carnosa Sm. Valerianaceae Ñamkulawenb Na Stony slopes GI, RE, CV, AAI, DC, CUS, O, GU 66.7 1.9 127.3 TA, SM
Artemisia absinthium L. Asteraceae Ajenco, ajenco plateado, ajenco blanco Ex Anthropized areas GI, RE, AAI, DC, CUS, F 72.2 1.7 119.8 TA, SM
Adesmia boronioides Hook. f. Fabaceae Paramela Na Stony slopes GI, RE, AAI, DC, CUS, O, GU 66.7 1.7 112.9 TA, SM
Fabiana imbricata Ruiz & Pav. Solanaceae Palo piche Na Water bodies GI, RE, CV, AAI, DC, CUS, OG, GU 72.2 1.5 111.6 TA, SM
Neuropogon sp.a Parmeliaceae Barba de piedra Na Stony slopes GI, RE, CV, CUS, OG, GU 61.1 1.5 90.3 TA
Equisetum bogotense Kunth Equisetaceae Limpia plata Na Water bodies GI, RE, CV, AAI, DC, CUS, F, GU 44.4 1.8 80.8 NO
Erodium cicutarium (L.) L’Hér. ex Aiton Geraniaceae Alfilerillo Ex Anthropized areas GI, RE, CV, DC, CUS, F 50 1.6 78.4 NO
Buddleja globosa Hope Buddlejaceae Pañilb Na Purchase/barter GI, AAI, DC, CUS, OG, O 38.9 1.8 68.1 TA, SM
Acantholippia seriphioides (A. Gray) Moldenke Verbenaceae Tomillo del campo Na Dry plates GI, RE, CV, CUS, GU 44.4 1.3 56.1 TA, SM
Marrubium vulgare L. Lamiaceae Malva rubia Ex Anthropized areas RE, F, O 61.1 0.8 50.7 TA
Matricaria recutita L. Asteraceae Manzanilla Ex Purchase GI, AAI, CUS, O 38.9 1.2 47.7 TA, SM
Baccharis sagittalis (Less.) DC. Asteraceae Carqueja Na Water bodies GI, AAI 83.3 0.6 51.1 TA, SM
Grindelia chiloensis (Cornel.) Cabrera Asteraceae Botón de oro Na Dry plates RE, AAI, DC, CUS, F, O 38.9 1.1 43.3 SM
Anarthrophyllum sp. Fabaceae Nenewb macho Na Dry plates RE, OG, O 50 0.7 36.9 TA, SM
Apium prostratum Labill. Apiaceae Apio del campo Na Stony slopes RE, AAI, F, O 44.4 0.9 38.4 TA, SM
Ribes cucullatum Hook. & Arn. Grossulariaceae Zarzaparrilla Na Water bodies CV, DC, CUS, O 44.4 0.9 38.4 SA, AR
Acaena splendens Hook. & Arn. Rosaceae Cesped caballo Na Dry plates RE, AAI, OG, GU 33.3 0.9 28.8 TA
Oxalis sp. Oxalidaceae Culle verde Na Stony slopes RE, OG, F 38.9 0.8 32.3 TA
Ruta chalepensis L. Rutaceae Ruda Ex Cultivated areas GI, AAI, CUS 27.8 0.9 25.6 TA, SM
Tanacetum vulgare L. Asteraceae Ajenco amarillo, ajenco, ajenco verde Ex Cultivated areas GI, RE, AAI, F 27.8 1.0 29.0 TA, SM
Sedum telephium L. Crassulaceae Bálsamo Ex Cultivated areas AAI, DC 33.3 0.6 20.5 NO
Solanum crispum Ruiz & Pav. Solanaceae Natre Na Purchase/barter RE, F 44.4 0.5 23.2 TA
Clinopodium darwinii (Benth.) Kuntze Lamiaceae Té pampa, té de campo Na Stony slopes GI, GU 55.6 0.4 24.0 TA, SM
Urtica urens L. Urticaceae Ortiga Ex Anthropized areas CV, AAI, DC, CUS, OG 16.7 1.2 19.5 TA, SM
Baccharis obovata Hook. & Arn. Asteraceae Wawtrub Na Water bodies AAI, DC 38.9 0.5 20.3 TA, SM
Allium cepa L. Alliaceae Cebolla Ex Purchase RE, CUS, F 16.7 0.8 13.8 TA, SM
Oxalis adenophylla Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Oxalidaceae Culle colorado Na Stony slopes RE, DC, OG, F 22.2 0.9 19.2 TA
Stillingia patagonica (Speg.) Pax & K. Hoffm. Euphorbiaceae Trintri lawenb, mata perro Na Dry plates GI, AAI, DC 16.7 0.8 13.8 TA
Armeria maritima (Mill.) Willd. Plumbaginaceae Piuke lawenb Na Dry plates GI, CV, AAI 22.2 0.7 16.4 TA, SM
Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants Chenopodiaceae Paico Na Anthropized areas GI 38.9 0.4 15.5 TA, SM
Mentha pulegium L. Lamiaceae Poleo Ex Water bodies GI 38.9 0.3 11.9 TA, SM
Chuquiraga avellanedae Lorentz Asteraceae Trayawb, pincha bola, quilembay Na Dry plates RE 33.3 0.5 16.3 TA
Gossyphiantus lanuginosus (Poir.) Hook. f.? Amaranthaceae Yerba del pollo Ex Purchase GI 22.2 0.5 10.9 TA, SM
Limonium brasiliense (Boiss.) Kuntze Plumbaginaceae Guaycurú Na Dry plates GI, RE, AAI, CUS 16.7 0.9 14.4 TA
Maihuenia patagonica (Phil.) Britton & Rose Cactaceae Chupasangre, tuna Na Dry plates CV, AAI, DC 16.7 0.6 10.8 NO
Melissa officinalis L. Lamiaceae Torongil, melisa Ex Cultivated areas GI, CV, CUS 27.8 0.6 18.0 TA, SM
Mulinum spinosum (Cav.) Pers. Apiaceae Nenewb Na Dry plates RE, AAI, O 16.7 0.6 10.8 TA, SM
Sambucus nigra L. Adoxaceae Sauco Ex Cultivated areas RE, AAI, F 27.8 0.6 18.0 TA
Dysphania multifida L. Chenopodiaceae Paico Ex Anthropized areas GI, RE 22.2 0.5 11.6 TA, SM
Plantago lanceolata L. Plantaginaceae Siete venas, siete velos Ex Anthropized areas AAI, DC 22.2 0.5 11.6 NO
Centaurium cachanlahuen (Molina) B.L. Rob. Gentianaceae Kachanlawenb, cachanlagua Na Stony slopes RE, F 22.2 0.4 9.6 TA
Corynabutilon bicolor (Phil. ex K. Schum.) Kearney Malvaceae Monte moro Na Dry plates RE, CUS, F 16.7 0.7 12.3 NO
Eucalyptus sp. Myrtaceae Eucalito Ex Purchase/barter RE, CUS 16.7 0.5 8.7 TA, SM
Linum usitatissimum L. Linaceae Linaza, lino Ex Purchase OG, F 16.7 0.5 8.7 TA
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Romero Ex Purchase GI, AAI, CUS, O 11.1 0.9 9.6 TA, SM
Rumex crispus L. Polygonaceae Romaza, lengua de vaca Ex Water bodies GI, F 22.2 0.4 9.6 NO
Tetraglochin alatum (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Kuntze Rosaceae Yerba de la perdiz Na Dry plates GI, OG, GU 16.7 0.7 12.3 TA
Artemisia abrotanum L. Asteraceae Buen viejo, éter Ex Anthropized areas GI 27.8 0.3 8.5 TA, SM
Azorella monantha Clos Apiaceae Leña de piedra Na Dry plates GI 27.8 0.3 8.5 TA, SM
Larrea sp. Zygophyllaceae Jarilla Na Dry plates AAI, OG 11.1 0.4 4.8 TA, SM
Mentha spicata L. Lamiaceae Menta, yerba buena Ex Water bodies GI, RE 27.8 0.4 12.0 TA, SM
Mentha aquatica L. Lamiaceae Menta canela, menta, menta negra Ex Cultivated areas GI 22.2 0.2 4.8 TA, SM
Polygonum aviculare L. Polygonaceae Sanguinaria Ex Anthropized areas CV, GU 11.1 0.4 4.8 TA
Schinus patagonicus (Phil.) I.M. Johnst. ex Cabrera Anacardiaceae Laura Na Water bodies RE, CUS 11.1 0.4 4.8 TA, SM
Allium sativum L. Alliaceae Ajo Ex Purchase/barter GI, AAI 5.6 0.5 2.9 TA, SM
Plantago sp. Plantaginaceae Siete venas Ex Anthropized areas DC, O 5.6 0.3 1.9 NO
Schinus roigii Ruiz Leal & Cabrera Anacardiaceae Molle Na Water bodies RE, DC, CUS 11.1 0.7 8.2 TA
8c ? Mata dolor ? Dry plates RE, AAI 16.7 0.4 7.2 TA
11c ? ? ? Stony slopes GI, RE, AAI 5.6 0.6 3.6 TA
Malva sylvetris L. Malvaceae Malva Ex Anthropized areas GI, O, GU 11.1 0.6 7.2 NO
Oenothera odorata Jacq. Onagraceae Yerba de san Juan Na Dry plates ? 16.7 0.2 3.6 TA
Origanum vulgare L. Lamiaceae Orégano Ex Purchase RE, OG, O 11.1 0.6 7.2 TA, SM
Senecio sp. 1 Asteraceae Charkawb Na Dry plates RE, AAI 16.7 0.4 7.2 TA, SM
Viola maculata Cav. Violaceae Oreja de ratón Na Dry plates GI 11.1 0.5 5.4 NO
Lycium chilense Miers ex Bertero Solanaceae Monte negro Na Dry plates OG 11.1 0.4 4.4 TA
Mutisia retrorsa Cav. Asteraceae Redadera Na Water bodies RE 5.6 0.3 1.7 TA, SM
9c ? Monte verde ? Stony slopes GI, CUS 5.6 0.4 2.4 NO
10c ? ? ? Dry plates GI 11.1 0.2 2.4 TA, SM
13c ? ? ? Purchase/barter GI, CUS 5.6 0.4 2.4 NO
4c Poaceae Pasto de perro ? Anthropized areas GI, F 5.6 0.4 2.4 NO
6c ? Flor de piedra ? Stony slopes GI, CUS 5.6 0.4 2.4 NO
Discaria sp. Rhamnaceae Chakayb Na Water bodies GI, RE 5.6 0.4 2.4 NO
Gamocarpha selliana Reiche Calyceraceae Pata de williñb Na Water bodies GI, CUS 5.6 0.4 2.4 NO
Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. Lamiaceae Menta chilena Ex Cultivated areas GI, DC 5.6 0.4 2.4 TA, SM
Nardophyllum bryoides (Lam.) Cabrera Asteraceae Siete camisas Na Dry plates GI 11.1 0.2 2.4 TA, SM
Nassauvia glomerulosa (Lag. ex Lindl.) D. Don Asteraceae Uña de gato, cola de piche Na Dry plates O 11.1 0.2 2.4 NO
Oryza sativa L. Poaceae Arroz Ex Purchase GI 11.1 0.2 2.4 TA
Peumus boldus Molina Monimiaceae Boldo Ex Purchase/barter GI 11.1 0.2 2.4 TA, SM
Quillaja saponaria Molina Quillajaceae Palo jabón, jabón de palo Ex Purchase CV 11.1 0.2 2.4 TA, SM
Rosa rubiginosa L. Rosaceae Rosa mosqueta Ex Anthropized areas RE, O 5.6 0.4 2.4 TA
Sanicula graveolens Poepp. ex DC. Apiaceae Cilantro de campo, cilantro silvestre Na Water bodies GI 11.1 0.2 2.4 TA, SM
Senecio sp. 2 Asteraceae? Paco Na? Stony slopes DC, F 5.6 0.4 2.4 SM
Tilia sp. Tiliaceae Tilo Ex Purchase GI, CUS 5.6 0.4 2.4 TA
Valeriana clarionifolia Phil. Valerianaceae Ñamkulawenb Na Stony slopes CV, AAI 5.6 0.4 2.4 TA, SM
Verbascum thapsus L. Scrophulariaceae Tabaco, tabaco de turco Ex Anthropized areas ? 11.1 0.2 2.4 SM
Populus nigra L. Salicaceae Álamo Ex Cultivated areas GI 5.6 0.4 2.2 NO
1c ? Füre lawenb ? Dry plates RE 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA, SM
12c ? ? ? Dry plates DC 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
2c Asteraceae Cardo Ex Anthropized areas O 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
3c ? ? ? Dry plates GI 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
5c ? Poñí cachob ? Dry plates DC 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
7c Juncaceae Unquillo ? Water bodies DC 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
Aloe sp. Xanthorrhoeaceae Aloe Ex Cultivated areas GU 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
Aristotelia chilensis (Molina) Stuntz Elaeocarpaceae Makeb Na Barter GI 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
Beta vulgaris L. Chenopodiaceae Acelga Ex Cultivated areas O 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Calceolaria uniflora Lam. Calceolariaceae ? Na Dry plates RE 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze Theaceae Té común Ex Purchase O 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA, SM
Conium maculatum L. Apiaceae Cicuta Ex Anthropized areas O 5.6 0.2 1.2 SM
Euphorbia collina Phil. Euphorbiaceae Pichoga Na Dry plates GI 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
Ilex paraguariensis A. St. -Hil. Aquifoliaceae Yerba mate Ex Purchase/barter OG 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Iris sp. Iridaceae Lirio blanco Ex Cultivated areas CUS 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
Laurus nobilis L. Lauraceae Laurel Ex Purchase AAI, CUS 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA, SM
Lomatia hirsuta (Lam.) Diels Proteaceae Radal Na Stony slopes AAI 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
Maytenus boaria Molina Celastraceae Maitén Na Barter CUS 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
Mentha sp. Lamiaceae Pepermina Ex Cultivated areas GI 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Mutisia decurrens Cav. Asteraceae Redadera Na Water bodies ? 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Nasturtium officinale W. T. Aiton Brassicaceae Berro Ex Water bodies GI 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Potentilla chiloensis (L.) Mabb. Rosaceae Frutilla Na Water bodies O 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Rhodophiala mendocina (Phil.) Ravenna? Amaryllidaceae Juanita Na Dry plates OG 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae Salvia Ex Cultivated areas OG 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA, SM
Saponaria officinalis L. Caryophyllaceae ? Ex Water bodies DC 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA, SM
Schinopsis lorentzii (Griseb.) Engl. Anacardiaceae Quebracho colorado Ex Purchase/barter AAI 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
Solanum sp. Solanaceae Tomatito Na Anthropized areas DC 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA, SM
Tanacetum balsamita L. Asteraceae Menta Ex Cultivated areas ? 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA, SM
Taraxacum officinale G. Weber ex F.H. Wigg Asteraceae Chicoria Ex Water bodies O 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Tristagma patagonicum (Baker) Traub Alliaceae Cebolla de campo Na Dry plates ? 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Triticum aestivum L. Poaceae Trigo Ex Purchase/barter GI 5.6 0.2 1.2 TA
Tropaeolum incisum (Speg.) Sparre Tropaeolaceae ? Na Stony slopes RE 5.6 0.2 1.2 SM
Urtica magellanica Poir. Urticaceae Ortiga Na Stony slopes ? 5.6 0.2 1.2 NO
  1. aLichen.
  2. bMapuzungun name.
  3. cUndetermined species.
  4. References: biogeographic origin: Ex = exotic, Na = native; medicinal uses: GI = gastro-intestinal, RE = respiratory, AAI = analgesic-anti-inflammatory, DC = dermatological-cosmetic, CUS = cultural syndromes , F = feber, CV = cardio-vascular, OG = obstetric-gynaecological, GU = genito-urinary, and O = other uses; RI = relative importance; sensorial property: TA = taste, SM = smell, NO = no taste-no smell.