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Table 1 High value MAPs of District Swat origin with their incremental values at different stages of the trade chain, 2012

From: Economic benefits of high value medicinal plants to Pakistani communities: an analysis of current practice and potential

Price (Rs/Kg)
Scientific name (vernacular name in (Pashto) Family VSN Part sold Quantity (Kg) Collectors/farmers Swat retail Swat whole sale National market International market Increase (international market vs. received by collectors/farmers) Collector revenue (Rs)
Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. ex Royle (Zaharmora) Ranunculaceae UOS201 Rh 1,000 20 40 160 200 300 15.0 20,000
Acorus calamus L. (Skhawaja) Acoraceae UOS202 Rh 3,000 30 25 50 90 200 6.67 90,000
Adiantum capillus-veneris L. (Persosha) Adiantaceae UOS203 Wp 4,000 20 30 50 100 250 12.5 80,000
Asparagus adscendens Roxb. (Muslisufaid) Liliaceae UOS204 Rh 2,000 50 100 160 320 500 10.0 100,000
Berberis vulgaris L. (Kwaray) Berberidaceae UOS205 B 4,000 200 250 300 350 450 2.25 800,000
Bergenia ciliata (Haw.) Sternb. (Makanpath) Saxifragaceae UOS206 Rh 3,000 100 150 200 250 300 3.0 300,000
Persicaria amplexicaulis (D. Don) Ronse Decr. (syn. Bistorta amplexicaulis (D. Don) Greene) (Anjabar) Polygonaceae UOS207 Rh 12,000 60 100 150 200 300 5.0 720,000
Bunium persicum (Boiss.) B.(Tora Zera) Apiaceae UOS208 Fr 1,000 400 430 450 600 1,000 2.5 400,000
Colchicum luteum Baker (Suranjan) Colchicaceae UOS209 C 3,000 100 190 230 350 500 5.0 300,000
Commiphora mukul (Hook. ex Stocks) Engl. (Guggal) Burseraceae UOS210 Fl 5,000 100 150 220 350 650 6.5 500,000
Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. ex Griseb. (Kanis) Dioscoreaceae UOS211 Rh 3,000 100 220 250 300 400 4.0 300,000
Diospyros lotus L. (Tour amlok) Ebenaceae UOS212 Fr 90,000 50 90 150 200 300 6.0 4,500,000
Geranium wallichianum D.Don ex Sweet (Srazela) Geraniaceae UOS213 Rh 2,000 190 250 300 500 100 5.26 380,000
Jurinea himalaica R.R. Stewart (Sharrsham) Asteraceae UOS214 Rh 2,000 70 70 90 150 300 4.29 140,000
Morchella esculenta Fr. (Guji) Morchellaceae UOS215 Wp 5,000 10,000 12,000 15,000 20,000 30,000 3.0 50,000,000
Paeonia emodi Royle (Mamekh) Paeoniaceae UOS216 Rh 5,000 50 70 100 150 250 5.0 250,000
Pistacia chinensis subsp. integerrima (J.L.Stewart ex Brandis) Rech.f. (Kakar singay) Anacardiaceae UOS217 Pod 1,000 250 350 400 600 1,000 4.0 250,000
Sinopodophyllum hexandrum (Royle) T.S.Ying (syn. Podophyllum hexandrum Royle (Bankarri) Podophyllaceae UOS218 Rh 2,000 70 150 200 300 500 7.14 140,000
Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All. (Noory alam) Asparagaceae UOS219 Rh 5,000 50 80 100 200 350 7.0 250,000
Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague (Ajwoin) Apiaceae UOS220 Fr 1,500 300 200 250 400 550 1.83 450,000
Trillium govanianum Wall. ex D. Don (Matarjarrai) Melianthaceae UOS221 Fr 8,000 350 400 450 500 800 2.29 2,800,000
Valeriana jatamansi Jones (syn. Valeriana wallichii DC.) (Muskay bala) Valerianaceae UOS222 Rh 2,500 90 100 200 300 400 4.44 225,000
Viola pilosa Blume (syn. Viola serpens Wall. ex Ging.) (Banafsha) Violaceae UOS223 Fl 4,000 500 550 600 1,000 1,500 3.0 2,000,000
Viola pilosa Blume (syn. Viola serpens Wall. ex Ging.) (Banafsha) Violaceae UOS224 L+Fl 7,000 200 220 300 500 800 4.0 1,400,000
Total or Average     176,000 556 677 848 1,163 1,775 5.4 66,395,000
  1. Source: Data collection by the study. Estimates are based on surveys and interviews with collectors, dealers and hakims and other information consulted. These are our best estimates for 2012 but may not be very accurate.
  2. Note: Voucher Specimen Number (VSN): Roots (Rh); Whole plant (Wp); Fruits (Fr); Bark (B); Pod (Pod); Flower (Fl); Leaf (L).