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Table 3 Edible plant species collected in two arid (Boukoumbé) and semi-arid (Bassila) areas of Benin

From: Comparative analysis of diversity and utilization of edible plants in arid and semi-arid areas in Benin

Voucher specimen code Local name1 Species Family Life form Phytogeographical zone2 Status3 Utilizations Parts consumed Frequency of citations (%)
AS015 Tinoufanti (D), Tinoussanté (M), Maatou (L), Ila (N) Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench Malvaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Leaves, Fruits 100
AS016 Moutonmu, Titookanti (D), Kotôlaxa (L), Otché, Osché (N) Adansonia digitata L. Bombacaceae Tree SG, S UD Vegetable, Fruit, Condiment, Beverage Leaves, Pulp, Seed 100
AS017 Munamutimu (D), Yarohu, Waloho, Sonyonma (L), Abo, Arere (N) Annona senegalensis Pers. Annonaceae Shrub SG, S W Vegetable, Fruit, Condiment Flowers, Young leaves, Pulp, Fruits 100
AS018 Tikomaanti, Dikomaanti (D), Nonyrèm, Nèyèrèm (L), Ekpa (N) Arachis hypogea L. Leg-Papilionoideae Herb SG, S C Pulse, Vegetable oil Seeds 100
AS019 Moufodoom (D), Pèèryu (L), Ishin (N) Blighia sapida K.D.Koenig Sapindaceae Tree SG, S UD Vegetable, Condiment Aril, Young leaves 100
AS020 Mufô, Tikonfaati (D), Vèèkou (L), Agougou (N) Bombax costatum Pellegr. & Vuillet Bombacaceae Tree SG, S UD Vegetable Flowers 100
AS021 Mukpiatimu (D), Kparèèyu (L) Agbon (N) Borassus aethiopum Mart. Arecaceae Tree SG, S W Fruit, Vegetable Pulp, Seedling 100
AS022 Mukanbammu (D), Gemburu (L), Ata sisebe, Ata eiye (N) Capsicum frutenscens L. Solanaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Fruits 100
AS023 Mukomu (D), Tixoxanté (M), Agougou (N) Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. Bombacaceae Tree SG, S W Vegetable Young leaves 100
AS024 Tiwadooti (D), Tikpainn'tissêdonté (M), Xonônm (L), Idjabô (N) Ceratotheca sesamoides Endl. Pedaliaceae Herb SG, S UD Vegetable Leaves 100
AS025 Muyua yuam (D), Kpôgolo (N) Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr. Vitaceae Liana SG, S W Vegetable, Condiment Flowers, Young leaves 100
AS026 Tikowounkofanti, Yèkotenko (D), Timoukan’té (M), Mangani (L,N) Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Araceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable, Tuber Leaves, Corms 100
AS027 Mumasôkô (D), Iyede (N) Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr. Leg-Caesalpinioideae Tree SG, S W Fruit Pulp 100
AS028 Yanwaa (D), Hê (L), Ishu (N) Dioscorea cayenensis–D. rotundata species complex Dioscoreaceae Herb SG, S C Tuber Tubers 100
AS029 Yêpin, Mupiin (D), Gaaya, Gaayu (L), Igi dudu, Karan (N) Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex A.DC. Ebenaceae Tree SG, S W Fruit Pulp 100
AS030 Soja (D, L, N) Glycine max (L.) Merr. Leg-Papilionoideae Herb SG, S C Pulse Grain 100
AS031 Tikwouann’ti (D), Tikonn’té (M), Ankpaman (L), Kpakpala, Amukan (N) Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Malvaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable, Beverage Leaves, Flowers 100
AS032 Timanuonti (D), Tôxômba (L), Oduku, Adokwin (N) Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Convolvulaceae Herb SG, S C Tuber Tubers 100
AS033 Yapeetaa, Bubaturi (D), Manguna (L), Mangoro (N) Mangifera indica L. Anacardiaceae Tree SG, S C Fruit Fruits 100
AS034 Munuan, Muwassadému (D), Dooso (L), Igba, Ayidan (N) Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R.Br. ex G.Don Leg‒Mimosoideae Tree SG, S W Fruit, Condiment Pulp, Seeds 100
AS035 Mukwamkwam (D) Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) E.A.Bruce Rubiaceae Shrub SG, S W Fruit Fruits 100
AS036 Tiwadouanti (D), Tissêdôonté (M), Touhounôm (L), Dossé (N) Sesamum radiatum Schumach. & Thonn. Pedaliaceae Herb SG, S UD Vegetable Leaves 100
AS037 Tiyooti (D), M'la (L), Oka baba, Oka kpikpa (N) Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Poaceae Herb SG, S C Cereal Grain 100
AS038 Mupin (D), Ajagbon (N) Tamarindus indica L. Leg-Caesalpinioideae Tree SG, S W Fruit, Beverage Pulp 100
AS039 Tifinhoun'ti (D), Tikoun'téété (M), Elimkpataxa (L), Aroman (N) Vernonia amygdalina Delile Asteraceae Shrub SG, S C Vegetable Leaves 100
AS040 Yakammwà (D), Tura, Tira (L), Ekpa boro (N) Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. Leg-Papilionoideae Herb SG, S C Pulse Grain 100
AS041 Titoun'ti (D), Tnainyéritonn’té (M), Tchaassé (L), Ewe, Ewa (N) Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Leg-Papilionoideae Herb SG, S C Pulse Grain 100
AS042 Mutaamu (D), Tambéré (L), Emin (N) Vitellaria paradoxa C.F.Gaertn. Sapotaceae Tree SG, S UD Fruit, Vegetable oil Fruit, Kernel 100
AS043 Tikowounkofanti, Yèkotenko (D), Timoukan’té (M), Mangani (L,N) Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott Araceae Herb SG, S C Tuber Tubers 100
AS044 Dimariyo (D), Manzoo (L), Agbado (N) Zea mays L. Poaceae Herb SG, S C Cereal Grain 100
AS045 Tifaanti (D), Tipanoussanté (M), Yôyô (L,N) Corchorus olitorius L. Tiliaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Leaves 91.67
AS046 Mukankanwa (D) Ficus sycomorus L. Moraceae Tree SG, S W Fruit, Vegetable Fruits, Young leaves 91.67
AS047 Tikansibouoti (D), Tikli (L) Hibiscus asper Hook.f. Malvaceae Herb SG, S UD Vegetable Leaves, Flowers 91.67
AS048 Yimwa (D), Murii (L), Resi, Iresi (N) Oryza sativa L. Poaceae Herb SG, S C Cereal Grain 91.67
AS049 Mumatonmu, Timantounn’ti (D), Tiwatonn’té (M), Sowarya (L), Akoumanlapka, Ori nla, Osha koro (N) Vitex doniana Sweet Verbenaceae Tree SG, S W Vegetable, Fruit Leaves, Fruits 91.67
AS050 Ifanhanyéi (D), Tixanté (M), Koxolanhoun (L), Ountcho (N) Corchorus tridens L. Tiliaceae Herb SG, S UD Vegetable Leaves 83.33
AS051 Mukpiatikakadata (D) Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart. Arecaceae Tree SG, S W Fruit Pulp, Kernel 83.33
AS052 Mussan, Issangnan (D), Jaakpeegna (L), Aku, Asogika, Aso gidoka (N) Lannea microcarpa Engl. & K.Krause Anacardiaceae Tree SG, S W Fruit Pulp 83.33
AS053 Nyakabu (D), Bémeyu (L), Iyeye, Eyeye (N) Spondias mombin L. Anacardiaceae Tree SG, S W Fruit Pulp 83.33
AS054 Ditchéfouwounti, Titchéfouwounti (D), Akaya (N) Cleome gynandra L. Capparaceae Herb SG, S UD Vegetable Leaves 66.67
AS001 Ipoa, Ipordapia, Ipordawan (D), Ipogninimè, Iporni (M) Digitaria exilis (Kippist) Stapf Poaceae Herb S C Cereal Grain 66.67
AS002 Ipoaga (D) Digitaria iburua Stapf Poaceae Herb S C Cereal Grain 66.67
AS055 Munamênii (D) Gardenia erubescens Stapf & Hutch. Rubiaceae Shrub SG, S W Fruit, Condiment Flowers, Fruits, Young leaves 66.67
AS003 Yayomaata (D) Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br. Poaceae Herb S C Cereal Grain 66.67
AS056 Mupotimu (D), Gbaadagnu (L), Goba, Ewé goba (N) Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae Shrub SG, S C Fruit Fruits 66.67
AS057 Yapeerka (D), Timaati (L), Tomati (N) Solanum lycopersicum L. Solanaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Fruits 66.67
AS058 Muboborimu (D), Pempeeya (L), Gogo (N) Strychnos spinosa Lam. Loganiaceae Shrub SG, S W Fruit, Vegetable Fruits, Young leaves 66.67
AS059 Kaju (D), Akadiya (L), Kaju (N) Anacardium occidentale L. Anacardiaceae Tree SG, S C Fruit Kernel 58.33
AS060 Aléfô (D), Bee kumpeeyu (L), Fotètè (N) Amaranthus cruentus L. Amaranthaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Leaves 50
AS061 Muporicoetimu (D) Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile Balanitaceae Tree SG, S C Fruit Fruits 50
AS062 Tinonyawouti (D), Tipékênonté (M), Nyaayu (L), Tchôkôyôkôtô (N) Celosia argentea L. Amaranthaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Leaves 50
AS063 Mutaarmu (D), Agusi, Teneyu (L), Kaka, Egusi (N) Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. Cucurbitaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Fruits, Seeds 50
AS064 Tifôônouwôti (D), Agbédéxatou (L), Kpaki (N) Manihot esculenta Crantz Euphorbiaceae Shrub SG, S C Root Roots 50
AS065 Tibòdayati, Tibòsèyenti (D), Tignainté (M), Assôou (L), Alounmamba, Aribala (N) Ocimum gratissimum L. Lamiaceae Herb SG, S C Spice Leaves 50
AS004 Muganyan, Mounannikmon (D), Ubamingbu (M) Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich) Hochst. Anacardiaceae Tree S W Fruit, Beverage Fruits, Pulp 50
AS066 Muwaadonmu (D), Saamu, Nareer (L), Yonmonti, Nyamoti, Ewe ekutu (N) Sesamum indicum L. Pedaliaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Leaves, Seeds 50
AS067 Tikawounfanti (D), Tikann’té (M), Gboma (L), Gboma, Kpatakpakô (N) Solanum macrocarpon L. Solanaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Leaves 50
AS068 Demumuda daniira (D), Akutongnu, Afotongnu (L), Orombo didu, Orombo igun (N) Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck Rutaceae Tree SG, S C Fruit Fruits 41.67
AS005 Mumasôkô (D), Ogbôgbô (N) Detarium senegalense J.F.Gmel. Leg-Caesalpinioideae Tree S W Fruit Pulp 41.67
AS069 Mupénuamu (D) Ficus asperifolia Miq. Moraceae Shrub SG, S W Fruit Fruits 41.67
AS070 Tinoukounti (D), Tilétoussi (L), Djagou-djagou (N) Justicia tenella (Nees) T.Anderson Acanthaceae Herb SG, S UD Vegetable Leaves, Shoot, Stem 41.67
AS071 Tikoun'tééti (D), Arikoro (N) Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake Asteraceae Shrub SG, S W Vegetable Leaves 41.67
AS072 Tipébouoti (D), Oubouonou, Ibouoni (M) Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K.Jansen Asteraceae Herb SG, S UD Vegetable Leaves 33.33
AS073 Yapeertora (D), Ibekpe, Igi bekpe (N) Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Tree SG, S C Fruit Fruits 33.33
AS083 Tinacanti (D), Egusi, Itoô (N) Citrullus mucosospermus Fursa Cucurbitaceae Herb SG C Vegetable Seeds 33.33
AS084 Gbolo (N) Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S.Moore Asteraceae Herb SG UD Vegetable Leaves 33.33
AS085 Mupomu (D), Be yiya (L), Igi okpe, Okpe (N) Elaeis guineensis Jacq. Arecaceae Tree SG C Vegetable oil Pulp 33.33
AS006 Munapuo (D) Ficus dicranostyla Mildbr. Moraceae Shrub S W Fruit, Vegetable Fruits, Young leaves 33.33
AS074 Mupémi (D) Lannea acida A.Rich. Anacardiaceae Tree SG, S W Fruit Pulp 33.33
AS086 Odôdô (N) Launaea taraxacifolia (Willd.) Amin ex C.Jeffrey Asteraceae Herb SG W Vegetable Leaves 33.33
AS075 Mounpêkom (D), Kêpiénouakê (M), Agdêdêxatou, Lôtaxa (L), Ekégnibo (N) Moringa oleifera Lam. Moringaceae Shrub SG, S C Vegetable Leaves, Seeds 33.33
AS076 Yèkodiyè (D), Kainton’ko (M), Kouwoundou (L), Tchidifulè, Yèbè, Iman (N) Solanum aethiopicum L. Solanaceae Herb SG, S C Vegetable Immature fruits, Young leaves 33.33
AS077 Yêmontouo (D), Kamplékankann’dê (L), Odondon, Gbure, Gure (N) Talinum triangulare (Jacq.) Willd. Portulacaceae Herb SG UD Vegetable Leaves 33.33
AS087 Faso (D), Saada kuriji (L), Yraha, Eruju (N) Uvaria chamae P.beauv. Annonaceae Shrub SG W Fruit Pulp 33.33
AS088 Mubuo (D), Igi ata (N) Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepern. & Timber Rutaceae Shrub SG W Vegetable, Spice Leaves, Root bark 33.33
AS078 Yépètum (D), Paltiyu (L), Otili (N) Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Leg-Papilionoideae Shrub SG, S C Pulse Seeds 25
AS089 Tipeti (D), Elegede (N) Cucurbita maxima Duchesne Cucurbitaceae Herb SG C Vegetable Fruits, Leaves 25
AS090 Anwin, Iwin (N) Dialium guineense Willd. Leg-Caesalpinioideae Tree SG W Fruit Pulp 25
AS007 Mukankanwamimu (D) Ficus sur Forssk. Moraceae Tree S W Fruit Fruits 25
AS091 Moussannoum, Mussantiwamu (D) Grewia mollis Juss. Tiliaceae Shrub SG W Vegetable, Condiment Flowers, Fruits, Leaves 25
AS008 Issian (D) Lannea barteri (Oliv.) Engl. Anacardiaceae Tree S W Fruit Pulp 25
AS092 Aminagnu (L), Ogede (N) Musa sp. Musaceae Herb SG C Fruit Fruits 25
AS093 _ Neocarya macrophylla (Sabine) Prance Chrysobalanaceae Shrub SG W Fruit Kernel, Pulp 25
AS009 Mupeketatié (D) Paullinia pinnata L. Sapindaceae Liana S W Fruit Pulp 25
AS094 Kodjonou (L), Ekuso (N) Pentadesma butyracea Sabine Clusiaceae Tree SG W Vegetable oil Kernel 25
AS095 Tètè dudu wèrè (N) Amaranthus viridis L. Amaranthaceae Herb SG W Vegetable Leaves 16.67
AS010 Tawotatchoyan (D) Antidesma venosum Tul. Euphorbiaceae Shrub S W Fruit Fruits 16.67
AS096 Egusi (L), Itoô (N) Cucumeropsis mannii Naudin Cucurbitaceae Herb SG C Vegetable Seeds 16.67
AS079 Yanaacemmora (D), Ofio, Omu, Amu (N) Cyperus esculentus L. Cyperaceae Herb SG, S C Tuber Tubers 16.67
AS097 Suyouxo (L), Ogbé akuko (N) Heliotropium indicum L. Boraginaceae Herb SG W Vegetable Leaves 16.67
AS098 Djagou-djagou (N) Justicia insularis T.Anderson Acanthaceae Herb SG UD Vegetable Leaves 16.67
AS080 Koupanouwôkou (D), Akohoun (N) Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae Herb SG, S W Vegetable, Spice Leaves 16.67
AS099 Mukpétida (D) Phoenix reclinata Jacq. Arecaceae Tree SG W Fruit Fruits 16.67
AS100 Ibo gidi (N) Saba comorensis (Bojer) Pichon Apocynaceae Liana SG W Fruit Pulp 16.67
AS101 Ibo gidi (N) Saba senegalensis (A.DC.) Pichon Apocynaceae Liana SG W Fruit, Beverage Pulp 16.67
AS081 Mucotamu (D), Isenren, Sansan boto, Adere (N) Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Myrtaceae Shrub SG, S W Fruit Pulp 16.67
AS011 Dipugedi (D) Trichilia emetica Vahl Meliaceae Tree S W Fruit Aril 16.67
AS102 Ekunhun ahun (N) Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. Bromeliaceae Herb SG C Fruit Fruits 8.33
AS103 Agni (N) Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.) Guill. & Perr. Combretaceae Tree SG W Vegetable Young leaves 8.33
AS104 Gbogboloki (N) Basella alba L. Basellaceae Herb SG UD Vegetable Leaves, Shoot 8.33
AS105 Asha (N) Bridelia ferruginea Benth. Euphorbiaceae Shrub SG W Food processing Bark 8.33
AS012 Kunaakoobu (D) Calotropis procera (Aiton) R.Br. Asclepiadaceae Shrub S UD Food processing Leaves 8.33
AS106 Adjèmanwofô (N) Celosia trigyna L. Amaranthaceae Herb SG W Vegetable Leaves 8.33
AS107 Natataka (L) Chrysanthellum indicum DC. Asteraceae Herb SG W Vegetable Leaves 8.33
AS082 Demmuda dadaara (D), Osan orombo, Osan wewe (N) Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f. Rutaceae Tree SG, S C Fruit Fruits 8.33
AS108 Omronlugboko (N) Cochlospermum planchonii Hook.f. Cochlospermaceae Shrub SG W Condiment Rootstock 8.33
AS109 Gbolo (N) Crassocephalum rubens (Juss. ex Jacq.) S.Moore Asteraceae Herb SG UD Vegetable Leaves 8.33
AS110 Kanmblê (L) Cucurbita moschata Duchesne Cucurbitaceae Herb SG C Vegetable Fruits 8.33
AS013 Timammuti (D) Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. Poaceae Herb S W Spice Leaves 8.33
AS111 Tiyankwoun’ti (D), Gnainrissé angbaman (L) Cyphostemma adenocaule (Steud. ex A.Rich) Wild & R.B.Drumm. Vitaceae Herb SG W Vegetable Leaves 8.33
AS112 Odundun odo (N) Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. ex Wight Asteraceae Herb SG W Vegetable Leaves 8.33
AS014 Mussantipê (D) Grewia lasiodiscus K.Schum. Tiliaceae Shrub S W Condiment Fruits 8.33
AS113 Anikan gbiju (N) Hoslundia opposita Vahl Lamiaceae Shrub SG W Vegetable, Spice Leaves 8.33
AS114 Ejinrin (N) Momordica charantia L. Cucurbitaceae Herb SG W Vegetable Leaves 8.33
AS115 Adjan'gulu (N) Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Leg-Caesalpinioideae Herb SG W Vegetable Leaves 8.33
  1. 1D = Ditamari, M = Mbermé, L = Lokpa, N = Nagot; 2S = Sudanian zone, SG = Sudano-Guinean zone; 3C = Cultivated, UD = Under domestication, W = Wild.