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Table 3 List of medicinal plants species used in the Mahafaly region, SW-Madagascar

From: Effects of socio-economic household characteristics on traditional knowledge and usage of wild yams and medicinal plants in the Mahafaly region of south-western Madagascar

Scientific name Family Local name Use value Citation (%) Habitat Parts used Voucher number*
Cedrelopsis grevei Baill. Rutaceae Katrafay 3.06 99.6 Forest Lv,Br,Tr R. Rabevohitra 2390
Croton sp. 6 Euphorbiaceae Tambio 3 0.4 Forest Sb -
Boscia tenuifolia A. Chev. Capparaceae Lalangy 2 0.4 Forest Ar -
Pluchea grevei (Baill.) Humbert  Asteraceae Samonty 1.91 5.5 Forest Lv J.Bosser 9917
Aloe divaricata A. Berger Xanthorrhoeaceae Vahondrandro 1.87 100 Forest Lx Reynold 7860
Cadaba virgata Bojer Capparaceae Tsihariharinaliotse 1.5 0.9 Forest Ar Bewerley Lewis 534
Tamarindus indica L. Fabaceae Kily 1.47 59.2 Forest, Fallow Lv,Br,Fr Thomas B. Croat 31108
Neobeguea mahafaliensis Leroy, Jean F. P. Meliaceae Handy 1.44 91.1 Forest Sb,Tr R. Decary 16206
Croton sp. 4 Euphorbiaceae Zalazala 1.38 14.5 Forest Br -
Ficus lutea Vahl. Moraceae Amonta 1.38 6.8 Forest Ar G McPherson 14634
Psiadia angustifolia (Humbert) Humbert Asteraceae Ringandringa 1.38 22.1 Forest Lv RN 3806
Sida rhombifolia L. Malvaceae Mandravasarotse 1.38 6.8 Fallow Ar Thomas B. Descoings 30725
Croton geayi Leandri Euphorbiaceae Pisopiso 1.36 72.3 Forest Sb,Br H. Humbert 2397
Lemuropisum edule H. Perrier Fabaceae Berotse 1.36 10.6 Forest Sb J. Bosser 1984
Acacia sakalava Drake Fabaceae Roymena 1.33 1.3 Savanna, Forest Ar J.F. Villiers 4056
Dalbergia sp. Fabaceae Manary 1.33 12.8 Forest Br -
Acacia bellula Drake Fabaceae Rohy 1.3 14 Forest Ar R. Ranaivojaona 492
Hernandia voyronii Jum. Hernandiaceae Hazomalany 1.3 4.3 Forest Tr J.Bosser 9178
Euphorbia tirucalli L. Euphorbiaceae Laro 1.29 53.6 Forest Lv,St P.B. Phillipson 2480
Coffea grevei Drake ex A.Chev Rubiaceae Hazombalala 1.28 31.5 Forest Sb,Ar C.C.H. Jonngkind 3746
Aloe vaombe Decorse & Poisson Xanthorrhoeaceae Vahombe 1.25 37.9 Forest Lx H. Humbert 5418
Cynanchum mahafalense Jum. & H. Perrier Apocynaceae Vahimasy 1.25 19.2 Forest Sb,St B. Descoings 3251
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf. & Naka Cucurbitaceae Voamanga 1.24 20.9 Crop field Ar J. Bosser 13567
Croton kimosorum Leandri Euphorbiaceae Zanompoly 1.24 26.8 Forest Br J. Bosser 10429
Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq. Hernandiaceae Kapaipoty 1.24 10.6 Forest Lv P.B. Phillipson 2350
Operculicarya decaryi H. Perrier Anacardiaceae Jabihy 1.24 52.3 Forest Br,Tr P. Morat 696
Tetrapterocarpon geayi Humbert Fabaceae Hazolava/Voaovy 1.24 38.7 Forest Sb,Br B. Descoings 1433
Erythroxylum retusum Baill. ex O.E. Schulz Erythroxylaceae Montso 1.23 71.9 Forest Lv P.B. Phillipson 2464
Mangifera indica L. Anacardiaceae Mangavato 1.23 4.7 Crop field Br _
Polycline proteiformis Humbert Asteraceae Zira 1.22 3.4 Forest Sb,ar J. Bosser 248
Leptadenia madagascariensis Decne. Apocynaceae Taritarika/Mozy 1.21 46.4 Forest Sb,Ar B. Descoings 1243
Ruellia anaticollis Benoist Acanthaceae Reforefo 1.21 7.2 Forest Ar P.B.Phillipson 1795
Bulbostylis xerophila H. Cherm. Cyperaceae Foentany 1.2 2.1 Forest Ar M.R. Decary 8531
Grewia sp. Malvaceae Malimatse 1.2 2.1 Forest Br -
Mundulea sp. 1 Fabaceae Sofasofa 1.2 6.4 Forest Ar -
Oeceoclades decaryana (H. Perrier) Garay & P. Taylor Orchidaceae Hatompototse 1.2 2.1 Forest St Gordon Mc Pherson 17376
Paederia grandidieri Drake Rubiaceae Tamboro 1.19 11.1 Forest Lv P.B. Phillipson 2810
Salvadora angustifolia Turill Salvadoraceae Sasavy 1.19 79.6 Forest Lv,Sb P.B. Phillipson 3711
Vanilla madagascariensis Rolfe Orchidaceae Amalo 1.19 8.1 Forest St -
Aristolochia acuminate Lamk. Aristolochiaceae Totonga 1.18 41.3 Forest Sb P. Morat 3512
Commiphora lamii H. Perrier Burseraceae Holidaro 1.17 5.1 Forest Br C.C.H. Jongkind 3681
Cassia siamea Lam. Fabaceae Farefare 1.16 21.3 Forest Br M. B. Dupuy M98
Didierea madagascariensis Baill. Didieraceae Sono 1.16 12.8 Forest Tr D. Lorence 1928
Securinega perrieri Leandri Phyllanthaceae Hazomena 1.16 10.6 Forest Lv Herb., Inst.Sci. Mad. 4497
Commiphora mahafaliensis Capuron Burseraceae Maroampotony 1.15 8.5 Forest Ar -
Cynanchum grandidieri Liede & Meve Apocynaceae Betondro 1.15 24.7 Forest Sb -
Indigofera compressa Lam. Fabaceae Hazomby 1.15 36.6 Forest Ar M.R. Decary 9147
Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. Convolvulaceae Fobo 1.15 8.5 Seaside Sb Robert W. Books 19
Solanum hippophaenoïdes Bitt. Solanaceae Hazonosy 1.15 25.5 Forest Lv,Sb -
Croton sp. 5 Euphorbiaceae Andriambolafotsy 1.14 3 Forest Lv -
Mundulea sp. 2 Fabaceae Taivosotse 1.14 3 Forest Ar -
Zygophyllum depauperatum Drake Zygophyllaceae Filatatao 1.14 3 Forest Lv J. Bosser 10129
Blepharis calcitrapa Benoist Acanthaceae Sitsitse 1.13 19.6 Forest Sb H. Humbert 5136
Commiphora monstruosa (H. Perrier) Capuron Burseraceae Taraby 1.13 19.2 Forest Ar,Tr -
Cynanchum perrieri Choux Apocynaceae Ranga 1.13 66.8 Forest St Labat J-N 2414
Henonia scoparia Moq. Amaranthaceae Fofotse 1.13 10.2 Forest Lv M.R. Decary 2531
Hypoestes phyllostachya Baker Acanthaceae Fotivovona 1.13 13.6 Forest Ar J. Bosser 43
Indigofera mouroundavensis Baill. Fabaceae Sambobohitse 1.13 3.4 Forest Sb Jacqueline & M. Peltier 3171
Opuntia sp. 2 Cactaceae Raketamena 1.13 6.4 Crop field, Fallow Sb -
Stereospermum nematocarpum DC. Bignoniaceae Mahafangalitse 1.13 23.4 Forest Br Herb. Inst. Sci. Mad. 4630
Streblus sp. Moraceae Hazondranaty 1.13 20.4 Forest Sb.Tr  
Zea mays L. Poaceae Tsako 1.13 6.4 Crop field Fr -
Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Willd. Rhamnaceae Tsinefo 1.13 34.5 Crop field, Fallow Br J. Bosser 416
Euphorbia stenoclada Baill. Euphorbiaceae Samata 1.12 28.9 Forest Lv,Sb RN 4768
Grewia leucophylla Capuron Malvaceae Fotilambo 1.12 7.2 Forest Sb,Br Michelle Sauther 23
Rhigozum madagascariense Drake Bignoniaceae Hazonta 1.12 17.9 Forest Ar J. Bosser 14420
Grewia humblotii Baill. Malvaceae Sely 1.11 26.4 Forest Sb,Br -
Lasiocladus anthospermifolius Bojer ex Nees Acanthaceae Maintemaso 1.11 24.3 Forest Lv,Sb J.N. Labat 2696
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Fabaceae Ambatry 1.1 15.3 Crop field Ar Thomas B. Croat 32106
Cynanchum nodosu (Jum. & H. Perrier) Desc. Apocynaceae Try 1.1 24.3 Forest Sb P.B. Phillipson 1671
Adenia olaboensis Claverie Passifloraceae Hola 1.09 4.7 Forest Lx Jacqueline & M. Peltier 1396
Azima tetracantha Lam. Salvadoraceae Tsingilo 1.09 9.4 Forest Lv M.R Decary 3470
Hydnora esculenta Jum. & H. Perrier Hydnoraceae Voantany 1.09 9.8 Forest Sb Herb., Inst.sci. Mad. 2
Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra (Sond.) Kokwaro Anacardiaceae Sakoa/Sakoamanga 1.09 38.7 Savana Lv,Br D.J. Mabberley 732
Secamone tenuifolia Decne. Apocynaceae Langolora 1.09 14.5 Forest Sb J. Bosser 17209
Abutilon indicum (L.)Sweet Malvaceae Lahiriky 1.08 22.1 Forest, Fallow Ar L.J. Dorr 4056
Capuronianthus mahafalensis J.-F. Leroy Meliaceae Ringitse 1.08 5.1 Forest Sb _
Mollugo decandra Scott-Elliot Molluginaceae Andriamanindry 1.08 10.2 Forest Ar H. Humbert 5293
Moringa drouhardii Jum. Moringaceae Maroserana 1.08 5.5 Forest Ar B. Descoings 2411
Pentarhopalopilia madagascariensis Cavaco & Keraudren Opiliaceae Fandriandambo 1.08 10.2 Forest Ar B. Descoings 1214
Ximenia perrieri Cavaco & Keraudren Ximeniaceae Kotro 1.08 26.8 Forest Lv,Sb Rauh 1221
Cymbopogon excavatus (Hochst.) Stapf ex Burtt Davy Poaceae Ahibero 1.07 1.7 Forest Lv Bosser 5208
Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. Acanthaceae Afiafy 1.06 3.8 Forest Br James L. Zarucchi 7552
Enterospermum pruinosum (Baill.) Dubard & Dop Rubiaceae Mantsake 1.06 7.2 Forest Br -
Hyphaene sp. Arecaceae Satra 1.06 22.1 Crop field Lv,Sb  
Zingiber officinale Roscoe Zingiberaceae Sakaviro 1.06 14.5 Crop field Sb M.R. Decary 1440
Chloroxylon falcatum Capuron Rutaceae Mandakolahy 1.05 35.3 Forest St -
Jatropha mahafalensis Jum. & H.Perrier Euphorbiaceae katratra 1.05 46 Forest Lv,Lx H. Humbert 2521
Pentatropis nivalis subsp. madagascariensis (Decne.) Liede & Meve Apocynaceae Tinaikibo 1.05 61.7 Forest Ar -
Agave sisalana Perrine Agavaceae Lalohasy 1.04 19.6 Forest Lx -
Commiphora simplicifolia H. Perrier Burseraceae Sengatse 1.04 10.6 Forest Ar Z.S. Rogers 870
Hippocratea angustipetala H. Perrier Celastraceae Vahimpindy 1.04 11.1 Forest Ar -
Musa sp. Musaceae Kida 1.04 46.8 Crop field Fr -
Pentopetia androsaemifolia Decne. Apocynaceae Ntsompia 1.04 9.8 Crop field, Fallow Lv Arne Anderberg 123
Strychnos sp. 2 Loganiaceae Mangerivorika 1.04 19.6 Forest Ar -
Tridax procumbens L. Asteraceae Angamay 1.04 53.6 Crop field, Fallow Lv P.B. Phillipson 1791
Uncarina stellulifera Humbert Pedaliaceae Farehitse 1.04 9.8 Forest Lv P.B. Phillipson 2723
Delonix floribunda (Baill.) Capuron Fabaceae Fengoky 1.03 40 Forest Lx J. Bosser 13584
Jatropha curcas L. Euphorbiaceae Savoa 1.03 39.2 Forest Lv,Sb,Lx P.B. Phillipson 1725
Loeseneriella rubiginosa (H. Perrier) N. Hallé Celastraceae Timbatse 1.03 35.7 Forest Lv B. Du puy MB 570
Terminalia ulexoides H. Perrier Combretaceae Fatra 1.03 13.6 Forest Sb L. J. Dorr 4057
Androya decaryi H.Perrier Scrophulariaceae Manateza 1.02 23 Forest Lv Herbier du Laboratoire de Botanique 1777
Fernandoa madagascariensis (Baker) A.H. Gentry Bignoniaceae Somontsoy 1.02 46.8 Forest Lv,Br L.J. Dorr 3960
Ocimumcanum Sims. Lamiaceae Romberombe 1.02 37.9 Forest Ar B. Croat 31282
Tabernaemontana sp. Apocynaceae Feka 1.01 40.4 Forest Sb -
Zanthoxylum tsihanimposa H.Perrier Rutaceae Manongo 1.01 60 Forest Sb P. Morat 4677
Abrus precatorius L. Fabaceae Voamena 1 2.6 Forest Ar J. Bosser 19395
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. Fabaceae Kasy 1 1.7 Savanna Ar D.J. & B.P. Dupuy M69
Acacia sp. 5 Fabaceae Anadrohy 1 0.4 Forest Br -
Acacia viguieri Villiers & Du Puy Fabaceae Roybenono 1 3 Forest Ar H. Humbert 2487
Adansonia rubrostipa Jum. & H.Perrier Malvaceae Fony 1 2.6 Forest Fr J. Bosser 15743
Adansonia za Baill. Malvaceae Zan 1 4.3 Forest Fr P.B. Phillipson 2638
Aerva javanica (Burm. f.) Juss. Amaranthaceae Volofoty 1 6 Forest Sb M.R. Decary 18863
Alantsilodendron alluaudianum (R.Vig.) Villiers Fabaceae Havoa 1 0.4 Forest Ar -
Albizia bernieri E. Fourn. ex Villiers Fabaceae Halimboro 1 2.1 Forest Br P.B. Phillipson 5285
Albizia tulearensis R.Vig. Fabaceae Mendoravy 1 0.4 Forest Br D.J. & B. P. Dupuy M54
Allium sativum L. Amaryllidaceae Tongologasy 1 5.5 Crop field Sb -
Aloe antandroi (R.Decary) H. Perrier Xanthorrhoeaceae Sotry 1 2.1 Forest Lv M.R. Decary 9886
Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) D.C. Fabaceae Tokampototse 1 6.4 Crop field, Fallow Ar Thomas B. Croat 31195
Amaranthus viridis L. Amaranthaceae Beamena 1 0.4 Crop field, Fallow Ar -
Anisotes madagascariensis Benoist Acanthaceae Hazontsoy 1 1.3 Forest Ar Rauh 1097
Arachis hypogaea L. Fabaceae Kapiky 1 17.5 Crop field Fr -
Asparagus calcicola H. Perrier Asparagaceae Fio 1 0.4 Forest, Fallow Sb J. Bosser 10599
Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Meliaceae Nimo 1 6.4 Forest Lv Armand Rakotozafy 1798
Barleria brevituba Benoist Acanthaceae Patipatikantala 1 0.4 Savanna, Fallow Ar P. Morat 627
Bathiorhamnus cryptophorus Capuron Rhamnaceae Losy 1 11.5 Forest Sb -
Berchemia discolor (Klotzsch) Hemsl. Rhamnaceae Vorodoke 1 1.7 Forest Ar -
Calopyxis grandidieri (Drake) Capuron ex Stace Combretaceae Tsambara 1 1.7 Forest Fr B Lewis 1294
Capsicum sp. Solanaceae Sakay 1 21.3 Crop field Fr  
Capurodendron androyense Aubrév. Sapotaceae Nato 1 11.5 Forest Sb,Br J. Bosser 10352
Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Papaye 1 6 Crop field Lv Herbier du Jardin Botanique 324
Carissa spinarum L. Apocynaceae Lamontindahy 1 0.4 Forest Ar -
Chadsia grevei Drake Fabaceae Sanganakoholahy 1 7.7 Forest Ar D.J. & B.P. Dupuy M38
Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp. Euphorbiaceae Kimenamena 1 7.7 Crop field Lv Robert W. Brooks 8
Citrus medica L. Rutaceae Tsoha 1 0.4 Crop field Sb -
Cocos nucifera L. Arecaceae Voanio 1 0.4 Seaside Fr -
Colvillea racemosa Bojer Fabaceae Sarongaza 1 14 Forest Br P.B. Phillipson 2802
Commiphora humbertii H. Perrier Burseraceae Andrambely 1 0.4 Forest Lv S. Eboroke 870
Commiphora marchandii Engl. Burseraceae Vingovingo 1 0.4 Forest Ar James S. Miller 6160
Cordia caffra Sond. Boraginaceae Varo 1 1.7 Forest Lv Thomas B .Croat 30787
Crinum asiaticum L. Amaryllidaceae Tongolondolo 1 0.4 Forest Sb -
Crotalaria androyensis R. Vig. Fabaceae Katsankantsa 1 0.9 Forest Ar M.R. Decary 9517
Crotalaria fiherenensis R.Vig. Fabaceae Voniloha 1 0.9 Savanna, Forest, Fallow Ar _
Croton catatii Baill. Euphorbiaceae Somorombohitse 1 0.9 Forest Ar M.R. Decary 10495
Cryptostegia madagascariensis Bojer ex Decne Apocynaceae Lombiry 1 4.7 Forest Lv,Sb P.B. Phillipson 2622
Cucurbita maxima Duch. Cucurbitaceae Trehaky 1 0.4 Crop field Ar J.Bosser 13577
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf Poaceae Veromanitse 1 0.4 Crop field Ar -
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. Poaceae Kidresy 1 4.7 Forest Ar J. Bosser 10540
Cyphostemma amplexicaule Desc. Vitaceae Tahezantrandrake 1 1.3 Forest Lv J. Bosser 19194
Dicoma incana (Baker) O. Hoffm. Asteraceae Peha 1 10.2 Forest Sb P.B. Phillipson 2426
Dicraeopetalum mahafaliense (M.Pelt.) Yakovlev Fabaceae Lovainafy 1 1.7 Forest Br Thomas B. Croat 30969
Dioscorea bemandry Jum. & H. Perrier Dioscoreaceae Baboke 1 0.4 Forest Sb L.R. Caddick 339
Dioscorea fandra H. Perrier Dioscoreaceae Andraha 1 2.1 Forest Sb Gordon McPherson 17451
Dioscorea nako H. Perrier Dioscoreaceae Fandra 1 0.4 Forest Sb L.R. Caddick 331
Dioscorea ovinala Baker Dioscoreaceae Behandaliny 1 0.9 Forest Ar J.N. Labat 2111
Diospyros tropophylla (H. Perrier) G.E. Schatz & Lowry Ebenaceae Remeloky 1 2.1 Forest Ar P. Morat 565
Ehretia decaryi J. S. Mill. Boraginaceae Lampana 1 6 Forest Ar J. Bosser 10116
Enterospermum madagascariense (Baill.) Homolle Rubiaceae Masonjoany 1 0.4 Forest Tr -
Erythrophysa aesculina Baill. Sapindaceae Handimbohitse 1 2.6 Forest Ar G.E. Schatz 1777
Euclinia suavissima (Homolle ex Cavaco) J.-F. Leroy Rubiaceae Voafotaky 1 0.9 Forest Fr J. Bosser 13353
Euphorbia arahaka Poisson Euphorbiaceae Samatafoty 1 14.9 Savanna, Forest, crop field Lv M.D. Decary 3008
Ficus polita Vahl Moraceae Aviavy 1 3.8 Forest Br M.R. Decary 5031
Ficus sp. Moraceae Nonoka 1 1.7 Fallow, Forest Br -
Ficus trichopoda Baker Moraceae Fihamy 1 39.2 Forest Tr S.T. Malcomber 1116
Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr. Salicaceae Lamonty 1 3.8 Forest Sb,Fr C.C.H. Jongkind 3720
Gnidia linearis (Leandri) Z.S. Rogers Thymeleaceae Ronisa 1 1.3 Forest Lv Z.S. Rogers 930
Gonocrypta grevei (Baill.) Costantin & Gallaud Apocynaceae Piravola 1 6.8 Forest Lx P.B. Phillipson 1669
Gossypium arboreum L. Malvaceae Hasy 1 3.8 Crop field, Fallow Lv H. Humbert 5166
Grewia grevei Baillon Malvaceae Tombokampaha 1 0.9 Forest Ar J. Bosser 19338
Grewia microcyclea (Burret) Capuron & Mabb. Malvaceae Hazofoty 1 3.8 Forest Br Jacqueline & M. Peltier 1285
Helinus integrifolius (Lam.) Kuntze Rhamnaceae Masokarany 1 2.1 Forest Ar P.B. Phillipson 1737
Indigofera tinctoria L. Fabaceae Sarikapiky 1 49.4 Fallow, Savanna Ar J.N. Labat 2104
Ipomea sp. 1 Convolvulaceae Sarivelahy 1 1.7 Forest, Savanna, Fallow Lv -
Ipomea sp. 2 Convolvulaceae Velahy 1 1.3 Forest Lx -
Kalanchoe beharensis Drake Crassulaceae Mongy 1 0.4 Forest Lv James L. Zarucchi 7471
Kalanchoe sp. Crassulaceae Relefo 1 3.4 Forest Lv -
Karomia microphylla (Moldenke) R.B. Fern. Lamiaceae Forimbitika 1 0.9 Forest Br P.B. Phillipson 3438
Kleinia madagascariensis (Humbert) P. Hallyday Asteraceae Malaohira 1 2.6 Forest Ar P.B. Phillipson 2475
Koehneria madagascariensis (Baker) S.A. Graham, Tobe & Baas Lythraceae Fizolotsora 1 1.7 Forest Ar L.J. Dorr 4063
Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet Fabaceae Antaky 1 9.4 Crop field Fr Michelle Sauther 27
Leucosalpa grandiflora Humbert Orobanchaceae Tamborisahy 1 1.7 Forest Sb P. Morat 2978
Maerua filiformis Drake Capparaceae Somangy 1 1.3 Forest Lv,Ar P.B. Phillipson 2417
Maerua nuda Scott-Elliot Capparaceae Somangilahy 1 1.7 Forest Lv J. Bosser 10507
Manihot esculenta Crantz Euphorbiaceae Balahazo 1 8.1 Crop field Lv,Sb -
Margaritaria anomala (Baill.) Fosberg Phyllanthaceae Tsivano 1 18.7 Forest Sb -
Marsdenia cordifolia Choux Apocynaceae Bokabe 1 2.6 Forest Lx P.B. Phillipson 2741
Mundulea stenophylla R. Vig. Fabaceae Rodrotse 1 1.7 Forest Lv M.R. Decary 2527
Olax andronensis Baker Olacaceae Bareraky 1 0.4 Forest Sb L.J. Razafintsalama 785
Opuntia monacantha Haw. Cactaceae Notsoky 1 2.6 Fallow, Savanna Fr -
Pachypodium geayi Costantin & Bois Apocynaceae Vontake 1 0.4 Forest Tr P.B Phillipson 2610
Panicum pseudowoeltzkowii A. Camus Poaceae Ahikitoto 1 0.4 Forest Lv J. Bosser 308
Panicum sp. Poaceae Mandavohita 1 0.4 Fallow, Forest, Savanna Ar -
Persea americana Mill. Lauraceae Zavoka 1 0.9 Crop field Fr _
Pervillaea phillipsonii Klack. Apocynaceae Sangisangy 1 0.4 Forest Ar P.B. Phillipson 3472
Phaseolus lunatus L. Fabaceae Kabaro 1 5.5 Crop field Fr J. Bosser 1011
Phyllanthus casticum Willemet Phyllanthaceae Sanira 1 6 Forest Lv P.B. Phillipson 2392
Plumbago aphylla Bojer ex Boiss. Plumbaginaceae Motemote 1 1.7 Forest Ar H. Humbert 19960
Poupartia minor (Bojer) L. Marchand Anacardiaceae Sakoakomoky 1 2.1 Forest Br P.B. Phillipson 1813
Psidium sp. Myrtaceae Goavy 1 0.4 Crop field, Fallow Lv -
Radamaea montana Benth. Orobanchaceae Tamotamo 1 31.5 Forest Sb J. Bosser 6071
Rhopalopilia hallei Villiers Opiliaceae Malainevotsy 1 11.5 Forest Ar -
Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Kinana 1 5.5 Crop field, Fallow Lv Thomas B. Croat 28615
Roupellina boivinii (Baill.) Pichon Apocynaceae Lalondo 1 0.9 Forest Lv -
Secamone geayi Costantin & Gallaud Apocynaceae Kililo 1 4.7 Forest Ar J. Bosser 15917
Strychnos madagascariensis Poir. Loganiaceae Bakoa 1 7.7 Forest Sb,Fr J. Bosser 14492
Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. Fabaceae Engetsengetse 1 5.1 Forest Lv Jacqueline & M. Peltier 9936
Terminalia disjuncta H. Perrier Combretaceae Taly 1 1.7 Forest Ar B. Dupuy 629
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume Cannabaceae Andrarezona 1 0.4 Forest Tr B. Lewis 1292
Typha angustifolia L. Typhaceae Vondro 1 0.4 Forest Lv M.R. Decary 14868
Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Fabaceae Loji 1 20.4 Crop field Fr Thomas B. Croat 32050
Xerophyta tulearensis (H. Perrier) Phillipson & Lowry Velloziaceae Tsimatefaosa 1 0.4 Forest Ar P.B Phillipson 2459
Xerosicyos danguyi Humbert Cucurbitaceae Tapisaky 1 1.3 Forest Lv Thomas B. Croat 30795
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Rhamnaceae Konazy 1 0.4 Savanna Br D. Seigler 12891
Ziziphus mucronata Willd. Rhamnaceae Tsinefonala 1 4.7 Forest Br Harb. Inst. Sci. Mad. 4517
  1. Lv = Leaves, Ar = Aerial parts, Sb = Subterranean parts, Fr = Fruits or seeds, Lx = Sap or latex, Tr= Trunk, St = Stems, Br =stem barks; (*) Voucher number represents the number of the specimens from which our plants were determined in Tsimbazaza Herbarium, Madagascar.