Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 7 Responses limiting the use and supporting the regeneration of ecosystem services and responses protecting ecosystem services and their fair distribution (with examples)

From: Landscape ethnoecological knowledge base and management of ecosystem services in a Székely-Hungarian pre-capitalistic village system (Transylvania, Romania)

Responses Forest Pasture Meadow Arable Fallow Water Fruit, grape Other Total
Responses limiting use and supporting regeneration
1. permitted only in certain state (of wood, animal) 12 5 - 2 - - - - 19
2. permitted only in the case of certain species (of wood, animal) 28 7 2 2 - - - - 39
3. permitted only from/until given date (grazing of hay meadows, collecting of wild apple) - 6 18 16 1 - 1 2 44
4. permitted only in certain amount (felling of trees, grazing of cattle) 14 1 1 - - - 1 1 18
5. permitted only on certain days (felling of trees, harvesting) 5 - - 1 - - - - 6
6. permitted only with permission/report (felling of trees, receiving of foreign sheep, selling of hay) 38 9 15 19 - - - 1 82
7. price according to the value (wood, grazing cattle) 9 - 4 3 - - - - 16
8. cannot be marketed from the village (wood, hay, corn, fish, fruit, grape) 23 - 3 1 - 1 4 - 32
9. outsider not permitted to use local ecosystem services (acorn, pasture, hay) 11 15 3 - 2 - 2 - 33
10. must be protected against damage (putting out of forest fire, pollution of water) 2 1 - - - 13 - - 16
11. permitted only in certain places (felling of trees, mowing, grazing of sheep/cattle) 103 16 59 42 - 4 - 4 228
12. permitted only for certain purposes (for tools, for sick livestock, for the need of the community) 6 - 1 1 - 1 1 - 10
13. absolutely prohibited (felling of trees, grazing, fishing) 31 3 - 3 - 3 - 3 43
14. rewarding (revealing of delinquent, shooting of wolves and bears) 2 - - - - - - 1 3
15. permitted only by certain means ( grazing by fastening to pickets) 1 2 1 - - - - 1 5
Total 285 65 107 90 3 22 9 13 596
Responses protecting ecosystem services and their fair distribution
16. community permitted to, individuals not permitted to (fell trees, graze, mow) 3 1 1 - - - - 1 6
17. prohibited to steal from individuals (wood, hay, crop, fruit) 2 - 8 13 - - 3 11 37
18. prohibited to steal from the common property (wood, hay, crop, fruit) 2 - 5 5 - - - - 12
19. prohibited to damage property of other members/community (forest, pasture, hay meadows, arable lands) 71 5 85 122 - 1 9 14 307
20. damage prevention (gates must be closed, grazing in the forest only without carrying an axe, cleaning of river/stream bed) 27 2 49 64 - 6 4 3 155
21. permitted only at a certain time of the day (felling of trees, mowing, harvesting) 2 - 5 6 - - - - 13
22. protected by a hayward (forest, flock, hay, green crops, grape) 5 2 15 18 - - - 1 41
23. permitted 1 - 1 - - - - - 2
24. must be shared fairly (wood, grass) 3 - 1 - - - - - 4
25. other 3 - - 1 - 1 - - 5
Total 119 10 170 229 0 8 16 30 582