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Table 4 List of plant species used to treat human and livestock ailments: scientific names, family, vernacular name, growth forms (Gf), Ailments treated, Ailment type(At), parts used (Pu), condition of preparation (Cp), route of administration (Ra), method of preparation, habitat (Ha), distribution(Dn), collection number (Co.No.) in the environ of Tara-gedam and Amba forests

From: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in the environs of Tara-gedam and Amba remnant forests of Libo Kemkem District, northwest Ethiopia

Scientific Names Family Vernacular name (Amharic) Gf Ailments treated At Pu CP Ra Methods of preparation Ha Dn Co.No.
Acacia abyssinica Hochst. ex Benth.* Fabaceae Girar T Scorpion poison Hu B F De Tie with inside part F Spr GC097
Acanthus polystachius Del. Acanthaceae Nech kusheshile S Rabies Li R F O Pound and give with water Fal Spr GC031
Acanthus sennii Chiov.* Acanthaceae Key kusheshilie S Evil eye Hu R FD Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate with concoction F Wy GC056
Arthritis/rheumatism Hu R F De & O Crush & tie or drink with honey Bo   
Tape worm Hu R F O Pound, immerse in water then drink the juice    
Achyranthes aspera L. Amaranthaceae Telenj H Eye problem Hu L F Op Pound, immerse to water, squeeze and insert with cotton   Wy GC025
Wound Hu L FD De Crush, powder and tie    
Wound Hu L F De Crush and tie    
Excessive menstruation Hu R F O Crush, insert in water then drink juice    
Tonsillitis Hu L F De Crush and tie    
Bleeding Li R F De Crush and tie    
Bone fracture B R FD De Tie the concoction    
Bleeding Hu R FD De Tie the concoction    
Tape worm Hu R F O Crush, insert in water then drink    
Acmella caulirhiza Del. Asteraceae Kutchamelk H Swelling Hu L FD De Crush and powder then tie with honey/better Hg Pa GC134
Acokanthera schimperi (A.DC.) Schweinf. Apocynaceae Merz/Mirez S Spider poison Hu L D De Crush and powder then cream with butter Bo Rr GC047
Hepatitis Hu Ap D Na, O & De Crush, dry then fumigate    
Adiantum capillus-veneris L. Adiantaceae Joroasfit H Anthrax Hu R F O Crush, insert in water then drink the juice F Spr GC027
Ear wound Hu St FD De Insert into new jewelry hole    
Allium sativum L. Alliaceae Nech shinkurt H Evil eye Hu Bu F Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate with concoction Hg Spr GC011
Malaria Hu Bu F O Crush and drink with honey or smash in water then drink    
Influenza virus Hu Bu F O Crush and drink with water    
Febrile illness Hu Bu F O Crush then fumigate or drink the concoction    
Pneumonia Hu Bu F O Chop and eat with honey    
Aloe macrocarpa Tod. Aloaceae Eret H Impotency Hu R F De Crush and powder, then cream with butter Fwl Rr GC034
Wound B Lx F De Creamed    
Alternanthera pungens Kunth Amaranthaceae Midir akef H Babies diseases Hu L F De Rub, squeeze then cream Bo Rr GC146
Alysicarpus quartinianus A.Rich. Fabaceae ----------- H Ascaris Hu R F O Crush then drink with milk Fwl Rr GC142
Argemone mexicana L. Papaveraceae Yahya eshoh H Rabies Li R F O Crush then give with water Rs Wy GC058
Artemisia afra Jack. ex Willd. Asteraceae Chikugn H Evil eye Hu Ap FD Na, O & De Sniff unprocessed and powder then fumigate and drink concoction Hg Rr GC168
Asparagus africanus Lam. Asparagaceae Yesiet kest S Impotency, gonnoria,& syphilis Hu R DF O Crush, infusion with honey then drink the juice Fal Spr GC151
Itchiness Hu R DF De Crush, powder then cream with butter    
Excessive menstruation Hu R F O Chew and swallow the juice    
Evil eye Hu R DF Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate concoction    
Astragalus atropilosus (Hochst.) Bunge Fabaceae ----------- H Itchiness Hu Ap D De Dry, burn then cream ash with butter Fal Spr GC152
Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Melianthaceae Azamir S Ascaris Hu L FD O Crush and powder, boil with tea then drink juice Aw Spr GC107
Bidens macroptera (Sch Bip.) ex Chiov. Mesfin Asteraceae Adey Abeba H Brain cancer Hu Fl D Na Powdered Fal Wy GC143
Brassica carinata A. Br. Brassicaceae Gomen H Stomachache & Anthrax B Sd D O Grind and drink with water Hg Wy GC176
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Brain. Euphorbiaceae Yenebr tifir T Expel placenta Li B F O Crush then give with water Rs Rare GC089
Brucea antidysenterica Swiss Chard. Simaroubaceae Waynos/yedaga abalo H Wound & Scabies Hu L D De Crush, mixed with butter then cream Fal Spr GC086
Skin rash Li L D De Crush, mix with butter then cream    
Buddleja polystachya Fresen. Loganiaceae Anfar S Tonsillitis Hu Sh F De Tie and cream concoction F Spr GC062
   Intestinal parasite Hu L D O Crush and powder, immerse in tej then drink the juice    
Excessive menstruation Hu L F Va Make soft by rubbing, and insert with new cloth until bleeding stops    
Wound Hu Sh F De Crush and tie    
Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait.f. Asclepiadaceae Tobia S Hemorrhoid Hu Lx F De Cream concoction Rs Spr GC035
Expel spine in wound Hu Lx F De Cream on point    
Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth. Fabaceae Zikita S External parasites Li L F De Crush, then wash with water Bo Spr GC020
Diarrhea & Bilharziasis Hu Sd D O Grind and eat after pounding with honey    
Bloody diarrhea B R F O Crush then drink with water    
Erthroblastosis Hu Sd D De & O Grind and drink with honey or tie powder/concoction on neck    
  Expel foreign things from eye Hu L F Et Crush mixture, squeeze then insert with cotton wool    
Prolonged embryo in uterus Hu R DF De Tie concoction on spinal column    
Capparis tomentosa Lam.* Capparidaceae Gimero S Evil eye Hu R DF Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate concoction F Wy GC023
Epidemic Hu R D De Burn the concoction and fumigate    
Capsicum annuum L. Solanaceae Karia/keto H Malaria Hu Fr F O Crush and drink with honey or smash in water then drink Hg Wy GC026
Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Papya T Malaria Hu L F O Crush and drink with milk Hg Spr GC098
Cough Hu R F O Crush and boil with tea then drink juice    
Carissa spinarum L. * Apocynaceae Agam S Evil eye Hu R FDD Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate concoction F Wy GC021
Epidemic Hu R D Na, O & De Burn the mixture and fumigate    
Brain tension/stress Hu R D Na Crush then fumigate    
Cayratia gracilis (Guill.&Perr.) Suesseng Vitaceae Aserkush Cl Hemorrhoid Hu R F De Cream concoction Fwl Spr GC052
Celosia trigyna L. Amaranthaceae Lemlemcho H Tape worm Hu Sd D O Grind and drink with water Hg Spr GC132
Chenopodium murale L. Chenopodiaceae Amedmado H Wound Hu L DF De Crush then cream with butter Hg Rr GC136
Ear problem Hu L F De Concoction inserted to ear tube    
Cicer arietinum L. Fabaceae Shinbira H Malaria Hu Sd D O Germinate then eat with bulb of Allium sativum Bo Wy GC115
Cirsium englerianum O. Hoffm. Asteraceae Yahyakusheshilie H Beating with stick Li St F O Crush, immerse in water then drink juice F Spr GC050
Scabies Hu Sh F De Crush, roast then cream    
Influenza virus Hu Fr F O Crush and drink with water    
Citrus aurantifolia Burn. f. Rutaceae Lomy S Wound Hu Fr F De Cream concoction Hg Spr GC169
Citrus aurantium L. Rutaceae komtatie S Hypertension Hu Fl F O Drink the juice Hg Rr GC138
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Benth. Rutaceae Limich S Evil eye Hu R D Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate with concoction F Spr GC178
Clematis simensis Fresen. Ranunculaceae Azo areg Cl Hemorrhoid Hu L F De Crush then tied F Spr GC043
Wound B L F De Crush then tied    
Cancer Hu L F De Crush and powder then cream    
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) Vatke Lamiaceae Misroch S Evil eye & evil sprit Hu L,R &Sd FD De & O Crush, powder then tie on the neck or take with tooth F Spr GC016
Clutia lanceolata Forssk. Euphorbiaceae Fiyelefej S Diarrhea Hu R F De Crush then tie on neck region Fwl Wy GC135
Bone fracture Hu R F De Crush and tie    
Beating with stick Li L F O Crush and give with water    
Expel ear mites Hu Fr F Et Grind, insert into ear tube until it expels mites    
Coffea arabica L. Rubiaceae Bunna S Common cold Hu L F O Boil, decant then drink the juice Hg Spr GC161
Diarrhea Hu Fr F O Grind and eat with honey    
Commelina latifolia Hochst. ex A Rich. Commelinaceae Yewuha enkur H Wound Hu L F De Crush and tie Ris Spr GC116
Taenia scaplis Hu L D De Crush and powder then cream with butter    
Convolvulus arvensis L. Convolvulaceae Este filastot H Impotency Hu R DF O Crush and powder then drink with GIN (areki) Fwl Rr GC175
Anthrax Hu R F O Peel, chew then swallow juice    
Convolvulus sagittatus Thunb. Convolvulaceae -------------- H Anthrax Hu R F O Peel, chew then swallow juice Ah Rr GC127
Cordia africana Lam.* Boraginaceae Wanza T Eye problem Li L DF Op Burn, then insert ash with butter Bo Wy GC133
Fire burn B L DF De Burn, then cream the ash    
Anthrax Li L F O Crush and give with water    
Expel ear mites Hu L F Et Rub, squeeze, insert then cover cotton    
Crepis rueppellii Scli-Bip. Asteraceae ----------- H Anthrax Li R F O Crush and give with water Fwl Rr GC070
Crotalaria karagwensis Taub. Fabaceae Yeayt ater H Itchiness Hu L FD De Crush and powder then cream with butter Ah Rr GC051
Croton macrostachyus Del. Euphorbiaceae Misana T Intestinal & abdominal problems Hu L F O Boil, grind then eat with butter, shirro or teff injera Aw Wy GC130
Stomachache Hu Sh F O Drink concoction    
Bloating Li Sh F O Crush and give with water    
Ring worm Hu Sp F De Cream affected part    
Evil eye Hu R DF De & O Sniff and drink the concoction    
Snake poison Hu R F O Crush and drink with water    
Tape worm Hu B F O Crush, pound, then drink juice    
Tape worm Hu L F O Boil, grind, make it WOTE (souse) with butter then eat with ENJERA    
Paralyzed leg Hu R DF De Crush with Carissa spinarum root mix with water and immerse affected part    
Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. Cucurbitaceae Yemidir enbuay H Bloody diarrhea B R F O Crush and mix with milk Bo Rr GC139
Evil eye Hu R DF Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate concoction    
Stomachache & Anthrax Hu R F O Peel, chew then swallow juice or crush and drink with water    
Evil eye Hu R &Fr FD De & O Crush and tie on neck    
Wound Hu Fr F De Insert the affect part into the fruit    
Expel ear-mites Hu Sh F Et Crush, squeeze then insert    
Cucurbita pepo L. Cucurbitaceae Duba Cl Expel placenta B Fr F O Chop then boil with water Hg Spr GC166
Heart & gastritis problems B Fr F O Chop then boil with water    
Sterile females Hu R F O Chew and swallow juice to be fertile F Wy GC082
Cupressus lusitanica Mill. Cuppressaceae Yeferenge tid T Tooth ach Hu L F O Boil with salt then take with teeth    
Cyathula prostrata (L.) Brume Amaranthaceae Aregist H Anthrax Li L F O Rub, squeeze then give with water Hg Pa GC145
Cynodon dactylon (L.)Pers.* Poaceae Serdo H Snake poison Hu Ag F O Chew and absorb the juice Bo Wy GC173
Tape worm Hu L& St F O Drink the concoction    
Cynoglossum coeruleum (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) DC Boraginaceae Chegogit H Febrile illness Hu L F De & O Rub, squeeze then cream and drink the juice Bo Wy GC114
Expel foreign things from eye Hu L F Op Crush mixture, squeeze then insert with cotton wool    
Spider poison Hu L F De Crush, pound then cream with butter    
Wound Hu L F De Crush then cream    
Eye problem Hu L F Op Rub, squeeze then insert one-two droplets    
Expel ear-mites Hu L F Et Rub, insert and squeeze    
Cyperus dichroostathyus A.Rich. Cyperaceae Giramta H Trachoma Hu Fl FD Op Burn and cream the ash with butter F Wy GC113
Datura stramonium L. Solanaceae Astenagir H Scabies and ear wound Hu L F De Crush then cream Bo Wy GC124
Expel foreign things from eye Hu L F Op Crush mixture, squeeze then insert with cotton wool    
Dichondra repens J.R.&G.Forst. Convolvulaceae Afer kocher H Febrile illness Hu L F De Rub, squeeze then cream except heart Fwl Rr GC180
Diplolophium africanum Turcz. Apiaceae Zegerawta H Headache Hu L F Na Sniff the unprocessed leaf F Rr GC041
Rabies Li R F O Pound and give with water    
Dipsacus pinnatifidus Steud. ex A. Rich. Dipsacaceae Ferezeng/kelem H Rabies Hu L F Na Pound and give with water F Spr GC102
Discopodium penninervium Hochst. Solanaceae Almit S Beating with stick Hu Sh F Na & Et Crush and give with water Fal Rr GC071
Dodonaea angustifolia L.f. Sapindaceae Kitkita S Scabies Hu L F De Crush and cream with butter F Wy GC036
Bone fracture Li L& St F De Tie twig parts together    
Tape worm Hu R & L F O Pound, immerse in water and drink the diluted mixture    
Tape worm Hu L& St F O Drink the concoction    
Dovyalis abyssinica (A. Rich.) Warb.* Flacourtiaceae Koshim S Hemorrhoid Hu Fr F De Immerse in water in flat material and sit on Bo Rr GC042
Dregea rubicunda Schum. Asclepiadaceae Kuandira Cl Rabies Hu L F O Crush and drink with milk F Rr GC044
Wound Hu L& B D De Crush, powder then tie    
Dyschoriste radicans Nees Acanthaceae ---------------- H Stomachache Hu Ap F O Chew and swallow the juice Fwl Rr GC093
Embelia schimperi Vatke* Myrsinaceae Enkoko S Tape worm Hu Fr FD O Eat fresh or crush and drink with 'tela difdif’ Ris Rr GC119
Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter Poaceae Tef H Dandruff Hu Sd D De Grind, prepare dough then cream on bare head Hg Wy GC040
Bloating Li Sw D O Give the straw    
Erythrina abyssinica Lam. ex DC. Fabaceae Kuara T Febrile illness Li B D De & O Crush then fumigate or drink the concoction Ah Rr GC159
Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Myrtaceae Nech bahirzaf T Febrile illness & Common cold Hu L F Na, O & De Boil and fumigate with the fume Fal Rr GC167
Euclea racemosa Hiern Ebenaceae Dedeho S Scorpion poison Hu R F De Crush and tie F Spr GC018
Gonorrhea Hu R FD O Boil, crush then eat with honey or butter    
Eye problem Li R F Op Peel and cream with butter for one night then use butter for paint    
Toothache Hu Rb F O Take with teeth    
Prolonged embryo Hu R DF De Tie the concoction on spinal column    
Euphorbia abyssinica Gmel. Euphorbiaceae Kulkual T Jaundice Hu R F O Crush, immerse in water then drink or bake with bread then eat Bo Wy GC164
Stomach and intestinal problems Hu R F O Crush, mix with DORO WOTTE then eat with ENJERA    
Rabies Li Lx F O Mix with milk    
Malaria Hu Lx F O Eat bake with Eragrostis tef dough    
Hemorrhoid Hu Lx F De Cream the concoction    
Skin diseases Hu Fl D De Crush, powder, then cream with honey    
Euphorbia tirucalli L. Euphorbiaceae Kinchib S Wound B Lx F De Paint the affected part Ah Wy GC131
Hemorrhoid Hu Lx F De Cream the concoction    
Wound Hu Lx F De Cream the concoction    
Ferula communis L. * Apiaceae Dog H Increase sexual needs Li R F O Pound, then give with INGERA and butter F Wy GC072
Evil sprit Hu R DF De Crush and fumigate    
Blood flow Hu R F De & O Crush, immerse in water then give for newly delivered mother    
Lung cancer (TV) Hu R F O Crush and drink with water    
Erthroblastosis Hu R DF De Grind and drink with honey or tie powder (concoction) on neck    
Impotency Hu R F O Drink concoction with honey    
Ficus carica L. Moraceae Beles S Wound Hu Lx F De Cream the affected part Fwl Rr GC104
Ficus sur Forssk.* Moraceae Sholla T Toothache Hu B F D O Take by teeth Ris Spr GC090
Ficus vasta Forssk.* Moraceae Warka T Wound Hu Lx F De Cream the concoction Fal Rr GC162
Foeniculum vulgare Miller Apiaceae Ensilal H Cough Hu Ag F O Boil with tea then drink Bo Rr GC137
Asma   L& St F O Crush, immerse with milk then drink    
Urinary retention Hu L& St F O Cook in water then drink the juice    
Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn.* Rubiaceae Gambillo T Erthroblastosis Hu R DF De Grind and drink with honey or tie powder/concoction on neck Bo Rr GC087
Gossypium barbadense L. Malvaceae Tit S Snake bite Hu R DF De & O Tie on neck or chew, absorb the juice Hg Rr GC096
Tonsillitis Hu Fr D O Grind then drink the liquid    
Grewia ferruginea Hochst. ex A. Rich.* Tiliaceae Lenquata S Expel placenta Li B F O Peel the inside part, chop, emulsify with water then give F Wy GC123
Dandruff Hu B F De Wash with inside part    
Guizotia schimperi Sch. Bip.ex Walp. Asteraceae Mech H Stomachache Hu R F O Chew and swallow the juice Fwl Wy GC073
Wound Li Ag F De Rub the part affected by ticks    
Helinus mystacinus (Ait.) E. Mey. ex Steud. Rhamnaceae Esat abrid Cl Fire burn Hu L F De Crush and tie F Spr GC039
Heteromorpha arborescens (Spreng.) Cham. &Schldl. Apiaceae Yegib mirkuz S Snake bite Hu R F De & O Chew, absorb and swallow or tie fresh on neck Fal Rr GC015
Hibiscus macranthus Hochst. ex A.Rich. Malvaceae Nacha S Wound Hu L F De Chew and cream with cotton F Spr GC064
Huernia macrocarpa (A.Rich) Sprenger Asclepiadaceae Yemidir kulkual H General medicine Li Ag F O Chop and give or chop and give after baking with black barley Fwl Rr GC100
Hypericum quartinianum A.Rich Hypericaceae Amujia S Urinary problem Hu R D O Crush, powder then eat with honey F Spr GC046
Stomachache Hu L F O Chew and absorb the liquid    
Indigofera arrecta Hochst. Ex A. Rich. Fabaceae --------- H Snake bite Hu R F O Chew and absorb the juice Fal Rr GC033
Indigofera prieureana Guill &Perr. Fabaceae ----------- H Anthrax & Stomach ach Hu R F O Chew and swallow juice or crush and give with water Fal Spr GC125
Jasminum abyssinicum Hochest. ex DC. Oleaceae Tenbelel S Toothache Hu R F O Take with teeth F Wy GC012
Snake bite Hu Sh F O Crush and drink with water    
Jasminum grandiflorum L. Oleaceae Terhareg Cl Evil eye Hu R FD De & O Sniff, drink and fumigate with concoction F Spr GC085
Juniperus procera Hochst ex. Engl. Cuppressaceae Tid T Urine retention Hu Fr FD O Boil with TEJ then drink F Spr GC185
Scrotum swelling Hu Gm F De & O Cream    
Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. ex Nees) T.Anders. Acanthaceae Smiza S Wound Hu L DF De Crush and powder then cream Ah Wy GC154
External parasite Li L F De Wash with fresh part    
   Anthrax Hu Sh F O Crush, mix with water then drink the juice    
Diarrhea B L F O Smash, mix with water then drink the juice    
Common cold & Hasma Hu L F Na Sniff unprocessed or after rubbing    
Jaundice Hu L F De &Na Boil and fumigate    
Tape worm Hu L& St F O Drink the concoction    
Evil eye Hu R DF Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate concoction    
Rabies Li R F O Pound and give with water    
Stomachache Hu L F O Crush and then drink juice    
Kalanchoe laciniata L. Crassulaceae Endahula H General medicine Li R F De Peel, tie with tiny rope then insert through skin on neck region Fwl Wy GC084
Swelling Li Ag F De Heat and immediately touch part while hot    
Febrile illness Li R F O Crush and give with water    
Tape worm Hu Ap F O Boil with Cicer arietinum cotyledons and eat cotyledons or crush and mix with butter and drink    
Lactuca intermis Forssk. Asteraceae Dememerarit H Broken bone B R DF De Tie on the problematic part Fal Wy GC118
Amoeba Hu R F O Chew and swallow the juice    
Wound B Lx F De Cream after removing the ticks    
Laggera tomentosa (Sch.Bip. ex A. Rich.) Oliv. & Hiern Asteraceae Keskeso/Shetie H Swelling Hu L DF De Rub and tie or dry, crush , mix with honey and lemon juice then tie Fwl Wy GC038
Laggera crispata (Vahl) Hepper & Wood Asteraceae Keskesso/ alshasume H Gastric & Stomachache Hu L F O Chew and swallow the juice Fal Wy GC075
Tape worm Hu L F O Crush and drink with water    
Stop blood flow after birth Hu R F De Crush, immerse in water then spray on newly delivered mother    
Fire burn Hu L F De Rub, squeeze then cream with cotton    
Leonotis ocymifolia (Burm.f.) Iwarsson Lamiaceae Ferezeng S Snake bite Hu R F De Crush and tie F Rr GC105
Leucas martinicensis (Jaq) R.Br. Lamiaceae -------------- H Prevent diseases relapse Hu Ag DF De Fumigate the fume F Rr GC053
Linum usitatissimum L. Linaceae Telba H Wound Hu R D De Crush, mix with honey then cream Fal Spr GC184
Maesa laceolata Forssk. Myrsinaceae Kilabo S Womb Hu Fr D Va Roast, grind, mix with butter then cream F Spr GC068
Malva verticillata L. Malvaceae Elit H Scabies Hu Ag DF De Crush, powder and tie Ah Rr GC103
Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Nim T Dandruff Hu L F De Crush and cream Hg Spr GC160
     Anti-insecticide Hu L DF De Crush and powder, then spray with water    
Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Bak. Fabaceae Birbira T Leeches Li L F O Crush and give with water F Rr GC067
Rabies Li St DF De Heat stick then touch their body with hot part    
Mimusops kummel A.DC.* Sapotaceae Eshe T Hasma Hu Fr F O Eat raw fruit Ris Rr GC101
Momordica foetida Schumach. Cucurbitaceae Yekurahareg/Kuramechat H Diarrhea & gonorrhea Hu L F O Pound, squeeze then drink F Spr GC165
Tonsillitis Hu L F O Pound, squeeze then drink    
Sun stroke Li L F O Crush and give with water    
Evil sprit Hu L& R F De Boil and fumigate    
Myrica salicifolia Hochst. ex A. Rich. Myricaceae Shinet T Common cold & bleeding Hu B FD Na Crush, powder then sniff Ris Rr GC106
Eye problem Li B FD Op Crush, powder then insert    
Nicandra physaloides (L.) Gaertn. Solanaceae Kassa H Fire burn Hu L F De Crush, mix with butter then cream Fal Spr GC065
Nicotiana tabacum L. Solanaceae Tinbaho S Wound Hu L D De Crush and powder then cream Hg Rr GC080
Nuxia congesta R.Br. ex Fresen. Loganiaceae Atquar S Tonsillitis Hu Sh F De & O Rub, squeeze then drink and put on head F Spr GC088
Ocimum urticifolium Koth Lamiaceae Dama kesie S Febrile illness Hu L F O Boil with tea and drink Hg Spr GC129
Common cold Hu L F O Boil with tea and drink    
Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif. Oleaceae Woira T Tonsillitis Hu L F O Chew and absorb the juice Ft Wy GC079
Evil eye Hu St F De Beating with fresh stick    
Eye diseases Hu L F Op Pound, squeeze then drop with cotton    
Deafness Hu L F Et Drop concoction with food oil    
Ormocarpum pubescens (Hochst.) Cuf.ex.Gillett Fabaceae Murna S Wound Hu L DF De Crush, powder then tie F Rr GC014
Orobanche ramosa L. Orobanchaceae ------ H Sunstroke Li Ap D De Fumigate Fwl Rr GC181
Otostegia integrifolia Benth. Lamiaceae Tunjut S Epidemic & common cold Hu Ag D De Fumigate the house F Spr GC141
Coccolida Li Ag D De Fumigate    
Stomachache Hu Sh F O Rub, squeeze then drink liquid    
Pentas lanceolata (Forssk.) Defl. Rubiaceae Ras faris S Tite problem Li L F De Crush, powder then cream F Rr GC066
Periploca linearifolia Quant. Dill. & Rich. Asclepiadaceae Moider Cl Hemorrhoid Hu St F De Heat with fire then immediately apply F Spr GC150
Hemorrhoid Hu R F De Crush and tie    
Persea americana Mill. Lauraceae Avocado S Kidney infection Hu L F O Boil and drink juice Hg Rr GC183
Phyllanthus rotundifolius Willd. Euphorbiaceae ----------- H Ring worm Hu Lx F De Cream Fal Rr GC019
Phytolacca dodecandra L’Herit. Phytolaccaceae Endod S Leeches Li L F Na Crush and insert with water Bo Spr GC024
Jaundice Hu L F O Crush and drink with water    
External parasite Li L F De Wash with unprocessed leaf    
Rabies Li R F O Crush and give with milk    
Elephantiasis Hu L F De Crush, decant, and insert juice    
Malaria Hu R F O Crush, squeeze then drink    
Anthrax Hu Sh F O Crush, mix with water then drink    
Coccinia Li R F O Crush, immerse in water then give    
Plantago lanceolata L. Plantaginaceae Wonberet/ Gorteb H Wound & bleeding Hu L DF De Crush, powder then cream Fal Wy GC117
Plectranthus tenuiflorus (vatke) Agnew Lamiaceae Mutansa S Weaken babies & evil sprit Hu Ap DF O Crush, powder then give with water Hg Rr GC148
Plumbago zeylanica L. plumbaginaceae Amera H Wound Hu R DF De Cream concoction Fwl Rr GC128
Stomachache &Scorpion poison Hu L& R F O Crush and drink with water    
Premna schimperi Engl. Lamiaceae Chocho S Eye problem Li L F Op Chew and spit F Spr GC126
Wound Hu B & L D De Crush, powder then cream with butter or honey    
Toothache Hu R F O Chew and take with teeth    
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Rosaceae Kok S Diarrhea Li L F O Crush, immerse in water then give Hg Rr GC049
Tape worm Hu L& St F O Drink the concoction    
Punica granatum L. Punicaceae Roman S Cancer & skin diseases Hu Fr F O Crush and eat Hg Pa GC022
Rhamnus prinoides L’Herit Rhamnaceae Gesho S Tonsillitis Hu Sh F O Crush and drink with water Hg Spr GC094
Herpes Hu L F De Grind and cream    
Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Chakima/ Gulo S Calf diarrhea Li Fr F O Pound cream the teat of cow then allow to suck Hg Rr GC170
Rosa abyssinica Lindley* Rosaceae Kega S Tension/dizziness Hu Fr F O Eat the raw fruit F Spr GC037
Rubia cordifolia L. Rubiaceae Mencherer Cl Cough Hu R& L F O Drink the concoction with tea or coffee F Rr GC110
Rumex abyssinicus Jacq.* Polygonaceae Mekmoko H Hypertension Hu R DF O Pound, powder then drink with milk Fal Spr GC076
Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Polygonaceae Tult H Tonsillitis & diarrhea Hu R DF De Crush, mix with water then drink juice or tie on neck without processing Fwl Spr GC029
Stomachache Hu R DF O Chew and swallow the juice    
Anthrax Li R F O Crush and give with water    
Rumex nervosus Vahl* Polygonaceae Enbuacho S Wart Hu L F De Rub, squeeze then cream Fal Wy GC177
Bleeding wound Hu L F De Pound then tie    
Ruta chalepensis L. Rutaceae Tenadam H Evil eye Hu L DF De & O Sniff, drink and fumigate with concoction Hg Rr GC186
Febrile illness Hu L F O Crush then fumigate whole body or drink the concoction    
Sansevieria erythraeae Mattei Dracaenaceae Chiret S Ear wound Hu St F Et Heat, pound, squeeze then insert while cool Hg Rr GC111
Schefflera abyssinica (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Harms. Araliaceae Getem T Snake poison Hu B F O Crush and drink the infusion F Rr GC171
Schinus molle L. Anacardiaceae Kundoberbere T Cough Hu Fr DF O Pound, cook in DORRO WOTE then eat with TEF ENGERA Hg Spr GC155
Wound Hu L F De Pound and tie    
Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) Irwin &Bameby Fabaceae Serka Abeba S Bloating Li L F O Crush and give with water Fwl Wy GC122
Sida ovata Forssk. Malvaceae Yahya-nacha H Fire burn Hu R F De Pound and cream the liquid with cotton Fal Spr GC032
Sida rhombifolia L. Malvaceae Gorgegit S Impotency Hu R F O Drink concoction with honey Bo Spr GC120
Wound Hu L F De Crush and tie    
Sida tenuicarpa Vollesen Malvaceae Chifrig S Wound Hu L F De Crush and tie Fwl Spr GC153
Evil spirit & evil eye Hu R DF De & O Used as tooth brush or tie on neck    
Solanecio gigas Vatke Asteraceae Yashikoko gomen S Bloating Li L F O Pound and give with water Hg Pa GC061
Evil eye Hu R DF Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate with concoction    
Solanum anguivi Lam. Solanaceae Zerch enboy S Wound Hu L DF De Crush, pound and tie F Spr GC174
Wart Hu Fr F De Cream with juice    
Beating with stick Li R F O Crush and give the infusion    
Solanum incanum L. Solanaceae Yekolla enboy S Stomachache Hu R F O Crush, chew then absorb juice Fwl Spr GC059
Ring worm Hu Fr F De Heat fruit then cream with juice    
Wart Hu Fr F De Cream with juice    
Arthritis/rheumatism Hu L F De Pound and tie    
Leeches Li Fr F Na Insert juice    
Diabetic Hu R F O Chew and swallow juice    
Febrile illness Li R F O Pound and give with water    
Wound Hu Fr F De Cream with juice    
Scorpion poison Hu Fr F O Drink juice with water    
Solanum marginatum L.f. Solanaceae Yedega enboy S Cough Li Fr F Na Give juice with goat milk F Rr GC095
Solanum nigrum L.* Solanaceae Awut H Spider poison Hu L F De Crush, squeeze then cream Fwl Rr GC140
Hemorrhoid Hu Ap DF De Pound and tie    
Diarrhea Hu L F O Crush, chew then swallow juice    
Steganotaenia araliacea Hochst. ex A.Rich. Apiaceae Endoka/Yefiyel chew T Hemorrhoid Hu St DF De Peel, heat then apply in the hot condition F Spr GC083
Stephania abyssinica (Dillon & A. Rich.) Walp. Menispermaceae Chewchawit H Anthrax B R F O Crush and give with water Fal Spr GC121
Anthrax & Stomachache Hu R F O Chew and swallow the juice    
Rabies B R F O Crushed and given with milk and water    
Tonsillitis Hu Sh F O Crush and drink with water or cream on neck region    
Stereospermum kunthianum Cham. Bignonaceae Zana T Eye problem Li B DF O Cream the concoction with butter and apply to cattle F Spr GC017
Scorpion & Snake poison Hu B F De Pound and tie or chew and swallow the juice    
Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth. Scrophularaceae Gelmit H Bloating Li Ap DF O Crush, powder and give with water Fal Spr GC144
Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC.* Myrtaceae Dokima T Diarrhea Hu B F O Crush and drink with water Ris Spr GC045
Thalictrum rhynchocarpum Dill. & A. Rich. Ranunculaceae Sire-bizu H Scrotum swelling Hu R F De Crush and drink with TELLA F Rr GC078
Impotency Hu R F O Drink concoction with honey    
Tragia brevipes Pax. Euphorbiaceae Abelbalit H Swelling Hu R F De Pound and tie F Rr GC013
Impotency Hu R F O Drink concoction with honey    
Urera hypselodendron (Hochst.) ex A. Rich. Urticaceae Lankusso Cl Anthrax Li Sh F O Crush and give with water F Spr GC 060
Urtica simensis Steudel Urticaceae Sama H Gastric Hu L F O Roast, grind and drink juice F Rr GC 179
Wound Hu L F De Grind and cream with butter    
Verbasicum sinaiticum Benth. Scrophularaceae Kutitina S Stomachache Hu R F O Pound and drink with honey or water or butter F Spr GC074
Diarrhea Hu R F O Crush and drink with water    
Evil sprit Hu L F De Boil and fumigate with the fume    
Evil eye Hu R DF Na, O & De Sniff, drink and fumigate concoction    
Verbena officinalis L. Verbenaceae Atuch H Bleeding Hu R F De Crush and tie Fal Wy GC069
Evil spirit & intestinal poison Hu Ag DF O Crush and drink with water    
Evil eye Hu R DF Na & O Sniff, drink and fumigate concoction    
Tonsillitis Hu Ap F O Crush and drink with water    
Impotency Hu R D O Drink concoction with honey    
Deafness Hu L F Et Pound and ingest juice with water    
Stomachache & Anthrax Hu R F O Chew and swallow the juice    
Vernonia adoensis Sch.Bip ex Walp. Asteraceae Eras abera/ Este musaye S Likfit (skin rash) Hu R F De Crush. powder then cream with butter Hg Spr GC147
Amoeba, Gardiasis, Gastric & Snake poison Hu R F O Crush, powder then drink with water or Chew and swallow juice    
Vernonia amygdalina Del. Asteraceae Girawa S Bloating Li L F O Crush and give with water Hg Rr GC055
Dandruff Hu L F De Pound and cream    
Impotency Hu R F O Drink the concoction with tella    
Vernonia myriantha Hook.f. Asteraceae Kotkoto S Impotency Hu R DF O Drink the concoction with tella Fwl Wy GC057
Vicia faba L. Fabaceae Bakela H Anemia Hu Sd D O Roast and drink infusion Hg Spr GC109
Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal in DC. Solanaceae Giziewa S Evil eye & evil sprit Hu L & R DF O Crush and drink with water or fumigate with the fume Hg Rr GC048
Tape worm & Babies disease Hu L DF De Fumigate in a closed fashion    
Cough Hu L F O Crush and boil with milk then drink    
Impotency Hu R F O Drink concoction with honey    
Xanthium strumarium L. Asteraceae Gid zemede H Dandruff Hu L F De Rub, squeeze then cream Fwl Spr GC112
Ximenia americana L.* Olacaceae Enkoy S Wound Hu B DF De Crush, grind and cream F Rr GC054
Zea mays L. Poaceae Mashilla H Dandruff Hu Sw F De Burn and cream ashes with butter Hg Wy GC030
Zehneria scabra (Linn. f.) Sond. Cucurbitaceae Hareg resa Cl Swelling Hu L F De Crush and tie Ah Rr GC149
Wound Li Ag F De Rub and cream    
Febrile illness Hu Ag F De Boil and take the fume in enclosed fashion    
Diarrhea Hu L F O Crush, chew then swallow juice    
Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf. * Rhamnaceae Gava T Dandruff Hu L F De Pound and cream Hg Pa GC163
  1. Key: Parts Used: B (stem bark), Rb (root bark), R (root), L (leaf), Ap (all part), St (stem), Bu (bulb), Lx (latex), Fl (flower), Sd (Seed), Sh (shoot), Fr (fruit), Sp (Sap), Sw (Straw), Gm ( gum), Ag (above ground); Growth forms (Gf):-S (shrub), T (tree), Cl (climber), H (herb), P (parasite); Ailment type (At): Hu (human) LI (livestock); CP (condition of preparation): F (fresh), D (dry), DF/FD (dry and fresh); Route of administration (Ra): De (Dermal), O (Oral), Na (nasal), Op (Optical), Va (Vaginal), Et (Ear tube); Habitat (Ha): Wild (F (Fores), Fal (Farm land), Fwl (Fallow land), Rs (Road side), Ris (river side), Ah (around home)), Aw (All wild type of habitats i.e Forest, Farm land, Fallow land, Road side, river side and around home), Bo (all wild type habitats and homegarden), Hg (Homegarden), Distribution(Dn): Spr (Sparse), Wy (Widely), Rr (Rare), Pa (Particular area); Co. No.(Collection number) *Wild food plant species.