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Table 1 Different types of restrictions for ritual plant use in the two African countries, ranked according to frequency of citations and number of species involved

From: Evidence of a link between taboos and sacrifices and resource scarcity of ritual plants

  Benin Gabon
Type of restriction Frequency Nr of species Frequency Nr of species
Felling/cutting 19 12 13 3
Burning wood 13 8 0 0
Not to be used as medicine 13 8 0 0
Unspecified 13 8 0 0
Offer money/wine 9 6 22 5
Food taboo 8 5 30 7
Sacrifice livestock 8 5 0 0
Forbidden in herbal bath 6 4 0 0
Sacrifice wildlife 5 3 0 0
Touching 0 0 22 5
Collect fruits forbidden 0 0 9 2
Other 6 4 4 1