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Table 3 Restricted and threatened plants in Gabon, ranked according to their citation frequency

From: Evidence of a link between taboos and sacrifices and resource scarcity of ritual plants

Restricted species Citation frequency (% of informants) Official threat status Perceived scarcity (% of informants) Habitat Habit Distribution
Kevazingo a(Guibourtia tessmannii) 33   42 Primary evergreen forest Large tree Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
Moabi a(Baillonella toxisperma) 26 VUb 28 Primary rain forest Large tree Nigeria to Gabon (and DR Congo)
Red anzem (Copaifera religiosa) 26   23 Primary lowland rain forest Large tree Cameroon to DR Congo
Kapok tree (Ceiba pentandra) 20   15 Primary forest to settlements Large tree Pantropical
Pink magic (Massularia acuminata) 20   15 Primary forest to settlements Shrub West and Central Africa
Ofumu (Maranthes chrysophylla) 13   0 Primary to secondary forest Large tree West and Central Africa
Spider tresses (Strophanthus gratus) 13   7 Primary moist forest Liana West and Central Africa
Horseradish tree (Drypetes gossweileri) 6   7 Primary to secondary semi-deciduous forest Medium-sized tree Central Africa
Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) 0 VUb 15 Primary to secondary evergreen forest Medium-sized tree West and Central Africa
Ordeal tree (Erythrophleum ivorense) 0   15 Primary to secondary evergreen forest Large tree West and Central Africa
African padauk a(Pterocarpus soyauxii) 0   15 Primary to secondary evergreen forest Large tree Nigeria to Angola
  1. aImportant timber species [42, 43]. bGlobally threatened [41]. VU = Vulnerable.