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Table 2 The 20 top useful medicinal plants in Burkina Faso based on the relative importance index

From: Traditional plant use in Burkina Faso (West Africa): a national-scale analysis with focus on traditional medicine

Accepted name Family Number medicinal of uses Frequency of citation Relative frequency of citation Relative importance index
Tamarindus indica L. Fabaceae 18 21 0.53 0.974
Vitellaria paradoxa C.F.Gaertn. Sapotaceae 17 19 0.48 0.9
Adansonia digitata L. Malvaceae 19 16 0.4 0.881
Ximenia americana L. Ximeniaceae 18 17 0.43 0.878
Khaya senegalensis (Desr.) A.Juss. Meliaceae 16 19 0.48 0.873
Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex A.DC. Ebenaceae 16 18 0.45 0.85
Lannea microcarpa Engl. & K.Krause Anacardiaceae 16 18 0.45 0.85
Annona senegalensis Pers. Annonaceae 18 15 0.38 0.831
Ficus sycomorus L. Moraceae 16 17 0.43 0.826
Combretum micranthum G.Don Combretaceae 18 14 0.35 0.807
Sterculia setigera Delile Malvaceae 17 15 0.38 0.805
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile Zygophyllaceae 16 16 0.4 0.802
Lannea acida A.Rich. Anacardiaceae 17 14 0.35 0.781
Guiera senegalensis J.F.Gmel. Combretaceae 16 15 0.38 0.778
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. Fabaceae 16 15 0.38 0.778
Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R.Br. ex G.Don Fabaceae 15 16 0.4 0.776
Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) E.A.Bruce Rubiaceae 15 16 0.4 0.776
Cassia sieberiana DC. Fabaceae 14 17 0.43 0.773
Entada africana Guill. & Perr. Fabaceae 18 12 0.3 0.759
Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst. Anacardiaceae 16 13 0.33 0.731
  1. Number of medicinal uses = Number of different health disorders addressed (from a total of 22 categories, see Figure 3); frequency of citation = number of references naming a use of this species.