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Table 1 Medical application of wild Allium species in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan

From: Wild Alliumspecies (Alliaceae) used in folk medicine of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan

Local Name Application Region of Usage Nationality Accessions Source
subgenus Rhizirideum(G. Don ex Koch) Wendelbo section Cepa(Mill.) Prokh.
Allium oschaninii O. Fedt.
piozi kuhi Leaves and bulbs are used against fever, headache, kidney problems, and stomach-ache. Central Tajikistan, Darvaz mountain range Tajik 6080, 6100 12
Allium pskemense B. Fedt.
  The bulb juice is used as a medicine. Uzbekistan: West Tianshan mountain range (not reported) (no vouchers given) 10
tog pioz The whole fresh plants and bulb juice are used against stomach problems, tuberculosis, and, like boiled bulbs, against strong cold. Young leaves and stems or boiled and smashed bulbs are applied to wounds and against skin diseases. Uzbekistan: West Tianshan mountain range Uzbek 4142 14
  The bulb juice is used against tuberculosis and strong cold. Central Asia (not reported) (no vouchers given) 15
subgenus Rhizirideum section Campanulata Kamelin
Allium barsczewskii Lipsky
sir Bulbs and pounded leaves are applied at the head against colds and flue, headache, fever, and toothache. Seeds are eaten with bread in order to increase appetite. Central Tajikistan: Vakhsh mountain range Tajik 6105 14
Allium jodanthum Vved.
piozi dashti Fried bulbs are laid onto the face in case of nerve problems; fresh bulbs are used against toothache. Tajikistan: Panj Karatau Mts. Tajik 6040 12
yovoj pioz Leaves and bulbs without stems are used against toothache and mumps, alcoholic extracts for disinfections of wounds. Uzbekistan: West Tianshan Mts. Uzbek 4141, 4188 14
subgenus Rhizirideum section Oreiprason F. Herm.
Allium talassicum Regel
  Any medicinal usage denied. Uzbekistan: West Tianshan mountain range Uzbek 4217 14
  Used in folk's medicine (not specified). Uzbekistan: West Tianshan mountain range (not reported) (no vouchers given) 10
dasht-niyaz Bulbs are used against scurvy and for health recovery. Central Asia (not reported) (no vouchers given) 15
  Bulbs are used against scurvy and for health recovery. Tajikistan (not reported) (no vouchers given) 16
subgenus Rhizirideum section Schoenoprasum Dumort.
Allium fedschenkoanum Regel
qamch pioz Dried plants are cut and burnt, and the smoke is inhaled against cold. Central Tajikistan: Darvaz mountain range Tajik 6197 12
subgenus Allium section Allium
Allium filidens Regel
piozi diona Bulbs are applied against headache. Tajikistan: Darvaz mountain range Tajik 6069 12
subgenus Melanocrommyum (Webb et Berth.) Rouy str.
Allium chitralicumWang et Tang s.
siri kuhi Smashed bulbs are used against sense of fear, and the whole plant for the national dish 'atolla'. Tajikistan: West Pamir Tajik 6097 12
Allium hissaricum Vved.
sir Fresh or dried leaves are applied against headache and fever. Central Tajikistan Tajik 6106 12
Allium karataviense Regel
  Applied as medicine (not specified). Uzbekistan: West Tianshan mountain range (not reported) (no vouchers given) 10
  Applied for quicker healing of wounds. North Tajikistan (not reported) (no vouchers given) 5
  Used against pneumonia and lung problems. Central Asia (not reported) (no vouchers given) 15
Allium komarowii Lipsky
gushi gurgak Used as an anabolic for horses. Tajikistan: Hissar mountain range Tajik 6134 12
khujrak-motor Leaves and bulbs are fresh used, or cut in pieces and cooked and applied against anaemia and bad circulation. Uzbekistan: West Hissar mountain range Uzbek 4170 14
Allium motor Kamelin et Levichev
motor In spring the leaves are highly esteemed as stuffing for a special variant of the national pie dish 'somsa', medical properties not mentioned. Uzbekistan: West Tianshan mountain range (not reported) (no vouchers given) 10
moj-modor Young leaves are eaten in soups and 'somsa' which owns a specific activity as tonic. Uzbekistan: West Tianshan mountain range Uzbek 4133 14
Allium rosenbachianum Regel subsp. rosenbachianum and subsp. kwakense R.M. Fritsch
  Young leaves are used as condiment for soups, no medical properties mentioned. Central Tajikistan (not reported) (no vouchers given) 6
gushi buzak Fresh and dried leaves represent the vegetable part of the national soup dish 'atolla' which is much esteemed as appetizer and general tonic. Central Tajikistan: Panj Karatau Mts., Darvaz and Vakhsh mountain ranges Tajik 6050, 6051, 6072, 6078, 6107 12
Allium rosenorum R.M. Fritsch (A. rosenbachianum auct.)
siekhalaf, siralaf, shipioz, jorji Young fresh or dried leaves are used for the national soup dishes 'atolla' and 'oshi sioalaf' which have tonic properties. Central Tajikistan: Vakhsh and Hissar mountain ranges Tajik 6109, 6143, 6167 12
siohalaf Young leaves are used as condiment for soups, no medical properties mentioned. Central Tajikistan (not reported) (no vouchers given) 6
Allium severtzovioides R.M. Fritsch
tosh-motor Fresh leaves and bulbs without stems are locally applied against stomach and duodenum diseases. Uzbekistan: West Tianshan mountain range Uzbek 4140 14
Allium suworowii Regel
  Used in folk's medicine (not specified). North Tajikistan (not reported) (no vouchers given) 5
  Used as a medicine (not specified). Uzbekistan: West Tianshan mountain range (not reported) (no vouchers given) 10
piozi anzur Decocts of flowers and seeds are applied against headache and cold. Central Tajikistan: Darvaz mountain range Tajik 6090 12
niyazi-ansul Pickled bulbs are eaten against tuberculosis and bronchitis. Central Asia (not reported) (no vouchers given) 15
  Used in folk's medicine against early forms of tuberculosis and bronchitis. Tajikistan (not specified) (not reported) (no vouchers given) 16