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Table 1 Criteria and their sources for the relative distinction of the Godavari mangroves into two zones, and villages studied in each zone (village numbers correspond with those in figure 1). The n-values between brackets indicate the number of questionnaires per village used in this analysis (total = 100). The asterisk refers to Appendix 1, which provides the legal text.

From: Analysing ethnobotanical and fishery-related importance of mangroves of the East-Godavari Delta (Andhra Pradesh, India) for conservation and management purposes

Separation into Reserve Forests with restricted activities (1947 Indian Forest Law part C §20) yes yes
Wildlife Sanctuary* [33] PRESENT: Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary ABSENT
Prohibitions* felling of trees and any type of extraction felling of trees and collection of green wood
Restrictions on entry* only civil servants or people living inside allowed also people not inhabiting the sanctuary allowed
Mangrove density higher lower
Mangrove species richness lower higher
Implementation of Forest Department regulations to a high degree to a lesser degree
Presence of Forest Department personnel strongly present less present
Accessibility of villages adjacent to the mangrove very accessible less accessible
Rehabilitation program/mangrove plantations present absent
Aquaculture present present
New aquaculture ponds less present strongly present
Villages sampled 1. Chollangipetta (n = 7)
2. Kotthuru (n = 6)
3. Ramannapalem (n = 6)
4. Peddha Bodduvengatapalem (n = 5)
5. Chinna Bodduvengatapalem (n = 5)
6. Chinna Valasala (n = 6)
7. Peddha Valasala (n = 7)
8. Laksmipathipuram (n = 6)
9. Gadimoga (n = 7)
10. Balusutippe (n = 9)
11. Molletimoga (n = 6)
12. Kothapallem (n = 8)
13. Pora (n = 8)
14. Pandi-Pallam (n = 10)
15. Neellarevu (n = 4)