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Table 1 Empirical Confirmation of Gitksan Medicinal Plant Uses – Level I

From: Gitksan medicinal plants-cultural choice and efficacy

    Confirmed
Latin name(s) Used by Other Groups Similar Uses Level 1
Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt. 12 yes
Achillea millefolium L. 53 yes
Alnus crispa (Drylander ex Ait.) Pursh ssp. sinuata (Regel) Hultén 5 yes
   A. viridis (Chaix) DC. 2 yes  
Alnus incana(L.) Moench 14 yes
A. rubra Bong. 10 yes
Anemone ?multifida Poir. 4 yes
Angelica genuflexa Nutt. 1 NO NO
Aralia nudicaulis L. &/or 6 yes
   Actaea rubra (Ait.) Willd. 15 yes
Arnica cordifolia Hook. 3 NO* NO
Athyrium filix femina(L.) Roth & 9  
   Drypteris filix-mas (L.) Schott 3   NO
   D. expansa (K.B.Presl) Fraser-Jenkins & Jermy 4  
Calla palustris L. 2 NO NO
Castilleja miniata Dougl. NO NO* NO
Cornus stolonifera Michx. 23 NO NO
Equisetum arvense L. & 19 yes
   E. hyemale L.,   yes
   E. variegatum Schleich,   yes NO
   E. pratense Ehrh.   yes
Geum macrophyllum Willd. 11 yes
Heracleum lanatum Michx. 30 yes
Inonotus obliquus (Pers:Fr.) Pilat &Fomes ignarius 4 yes
Juniperus communis L. & 34 yes
   J. scopulorum Sarg. 17 yes
Ledum groenlandicum Oeder 20 yes
Lobaria pulmonaria &L.oregana 3 NO NO
Lonicera involucrata (Rich.) Banks 13 yes
Lupinus arcticus Wats. NO NO NO
Malus fusca (Raf.) Schneid. 11 some
Nuphar polysepalum Engelm. 10 yes
Oplopanax horridus (S.) T.&G. ex Miq. 36 yes
P.x lutzii, hybrid(Roche) spruce- 36** yes
P. engelmanii Parry x   yes
P. sitchensis (Bong.) Carr x   yes
P. glauca (Moench) Voss   yes
P. mariana (Mill.) Britt., Sterns & Pogg. 6 yes
Pinus contorta Dougl. 24 yes
Populus tremuloides Michx. 19 some √?
Prunus pensylvanica L. 6 yes
Sambucus racemosa L. 22 yes
Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt. 16 yes
Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf. 20 yes
Sorbus sitchensis Roemer and S. scopulina Greene 9 yes
Thalictrum occidentale Gray NO NO * NO
Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. 12 NO# NO
Veratrum viride Ait. 27 yes
Viburnum edule (Michx.) Raf. 5 some
  1. √ = confirmed at Level 1
  2. *related species similar use
  3. #confirming record not independent