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Table 3 Consultant Consensus, Most Frequently Mentioned Gitksan Medicinal Plants

From: Gitksan medicinal plants-cultural choice and efficacy

Plant Species/Uses Number of Consultants
Oplopanax horridus 29
   tonic 7
   respiratory illness or colds 4
   TB 4
   arthritis 4
   blood/heart 4
   purification, enhance luck 4
   stomach, stomach ulcer 3
   wounds, skin ulcer 3
   cancer 3
   headache 2
   flu, stomach flu 2
   cleanser, purgative 1
   cure-all 1
   smudge 1
Nuphar polysepalum 17
   TB 6
   fractures (poultice) 4
   arthritis (poultice) 3
   birth control (male) 2*
   "sickness" 2
   sores, wounds (poultice) 3
   appetite stimulant (especially for TB) 1
   aches & pains 1
   liver 1
   intestines 1
   tonic 1
Veratrum viride 13
   purification/smudge 9
   protection (amulet) 5
   hunting luck 5
   bath (add to bathwater) 3
   skin & hair 2
   snuff for sinuses 2
   "germ killer" (removes contamination) 2
   nightmare remedy 1
   sleepwalk treatment 1
Abies lasiocarpa 9
   TB (mixtures or pitch) 4
   tonic (mixtures) 3
   purgative (pitch) 2
   cuts or boils (pitch) 2
   internal, intestine, liver 2
   lung disease 1
   arthritis (as cleanser) 1
Picea × lutzii and Pinus contorta 9
   burns, boils, infected cuts, salve 9
   tonic, 'wood medicine' (mixtures) 4**
   TB 1
Juniperus communis 8
   tonic (mixture) 2
   'wood medicine' mixture 5
   smudge (can be mixt.) 2
Sambucus racemosa 5
   emetic (for treatment of inability to eat, flu) 5
   smudge, mixt. for spiritual medicine 1
  1. Plants included on this table were mentioned by five or more consultants in analysed interviews and fieldnotes recorded from 1985–1997
  2. * Harlan Smith (n.d.) also reported this use
  3. ** 1 tonic, 3 'wood medicine'