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Table 1 List of medicinal plants used in a rural community in the municipality of Alagoinha, Pernambuco, NE Brazil. Status: C = cultivated, W = wild, E = exotic, N = native

From: Re-examining hypotheses concerning the use and knowledge of medicinal plants: a study in the Caatinga vegetation of NE Brazil

Botanical taxon (and voucher specimen code) Botanical family name(s) recorded Status Importance Part(s) used Preparation Administration Claimed medicinal use
Anacardium occidentale L. (23615) Anacardiaceae Caju C (E) 0.80 Bark of the stem Decoction or tincture External use Anti-inflammation and bruise
Myracroduon urundeuva (Engl.) Fr. All. (23382) Anacardiaceae Aroeira W(N) 0.70 Bark of the stem Decoction or tincture External use and drunk Anti-inflammation, bruise and gastritis
Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. (23746) Anacardiaceae Braúna W(N) 0.30 Bark of the stem Infusion (tea) and syrup Drunk Cough and flu
Acanthospermum hispidum DC. (24327) Asteraceae Espinho-de-cigano W(E) 0.05 Root syrup Drunk Cough and asthma
Egletes viscosa Less. (23450) Asteraceae Macela W(E) 0.10 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Digestive and dysentery
Cereus jamacaru DC. (n.c) Cactaceae Mandacaru W(N) 0.10 Stem Scrape of the bark in the water Drunk Problem of the kidney
Bauhinia cheilantha (Bong.) Steud. (24284) Caesalpiniaceae Mororó W(N) 0.25 Bark of the stem; leaves and seeds Syrup or Infusion (leaf) Drunk Headache, cough, diabetes and to expel catarrh
Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. (23639) Caesalpiniaceae Jucá W(N) 0.20 Bark of the stem Decoction (tea) Drunk Problem of the kidney and labirintitis
Piptadenia stipulacea Ducke (23717) Mimosaceae Carcará (rasga-beiço) W(N) 0.30 Bark of the stem Decoction or tincture External use Anti-inflammation
Eucalyptus sp. (23631) Myrtaceae Eucalipto C(E) 0.25 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Fever
Psidium guajava L. (23613) Myrtaceae Goiaba C(E) 0.50 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Dysentery
Boerhavia diffusa L. (24239) Nyctaginaceae Pega Pinto W(E) 0.10 Root syrup Drunk Anti-inflammation and cough
Passiflora foetida L. (24313) Passifloraceae Maracuja-de-estalo W(N) 0.10 All Plant Decoction with the addition of salt (syrup) Drunk Cough
Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. (n.c) Poaceae Capim-santo C(E) 0.40 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Digestive, dysentery, fever and headache
Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. (23376) Rhamnaceae Juá W(N) 0.35 Bark of the stem Scrape of the bark in the water and syrup Drunk Cicatrizing and cough
Citrus aurantium L. (23742) Rutaceae Laranja C(E) 0.05 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Fever
Dioclea grandiflora Mart. Ex Benth. (24235) Fabaceae Mucuña W(N) 0.10 Fruit ? ? ?
Eryhtrina velutina Willd. (23612) Fabaceae Mulungu W(N) 0.20 Bark of the stem Infusion (tea) Drunk Anti-inflammation and tranquillizer
Ocimum campechianum Mill. (24761) Lamiaceae Mangericão C(E) 0.05 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Digestive and dysentery
Plectranthus sp. (24957) Lamiaceae Hortelã C(E) 0.40 Leaves Infusion (syrup) Drunk Cough
Rosmarinus officinalis L. (n.c) Lamiaceae Alecrim C(E) 0.05 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Fever
Gossypium herbaceum L. (23647) Malvaceae Algodão C(E) 0.05 Leaves Cataplasm External use Burn
Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan var. cebil (Griseb.) Altschul (23634) Mimosaceae Angico-de-caroço W(N) 0.65 Bark of the stem Infusion (syrup) Drunk Cough
Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir. (23745) Mimosaceae Jurema-preta W(N) 0.40 Bark of the stem and leaves Infusion External use Anti-inflammation and tooth pain
Momordica charantia L. (n.c) Cucurbitaceae Melão-de-São-Caetano W(E) 0.05 All Plant Infusion Bath Allergy
Cnidoscolus urens (L.) Arthur (23442) Euphorbiaceae Urtiga W(N) 0.10 Root Decoction (tea) Drunk Anti-inflammation
Croton argyrophylloides Muell. Arg. (24310) Euphorbiaceae Sacatinga (Marmeleiro branco) W(N) 0.35 Bark of the stem Scrape of the bark in the water Drunk Dysentery
Croton rhamnifolius Willd. (23447) Euphorbiaceae Velame W(N) 0.15 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Depurative
Jatropha curcas L. Euphorbiaceae Pinhão-bravo W(N) 0.10 Latex Direct or diluted in water External use or drunk Snake poison
Jatropha mollissima (Pohl) Baill. (23377) Euphorbiaceae Pinhão-manso W(N) 0.30 Latex Direct diluted in water External use or drunk Snake poison
Phyllanthus niruri L. (n.c) Euphorbiaceae Quebra-pedra W(E) 0.05 Root Infusion (tea) Drunk kidney diseases (specially stones)
Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A. C. Sm. (23737) Fabaceae Imburana-de-cheiro W(N) 0.80 Bark of the stem Infusion (tea) and syrup Drunk Cough and flu
Caesalpinia pyramidalis Tul. (23650) Caesalpiniaceae Catingueira W(N) 0.35 Bark of the stem syrup Drunk Cough
Hymenaea courbaril L. (24306) Caesalpiniaceae Jatobá W(N) 0.60 Bark of the stem syrup Drunk Cough, bronchitis, weakness and debility
Senna martiana (Benth.) H. S. Irwin & Barnebv (23638) Caesalpiniaceae Canafístula W(N) 0.10 Bark of the stem syrup Drunk Cough
Capparis flexuosa L. (23380) Capparaceae Feijão-de-boi W(N) 0.20 Bark of the stem Scrape of the bark in the water Drunk Snake poison
Cleome spinosa Jacq. (23448) Capparaceae Mussambê W(E) 0.05 Leaves and flower Tincture or syrup External use or drunk Cough
Maytenus rigida Mart. (23383) Celastraceae Bom-nome W(N) 0.15 Bark of the stem syrup and bark in the water Drunk Cough and rheumatic
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (n.c) Chenopodiaceae Mastruz C(E) 0.15 Leaves Infusion (syrup) External use Cough
Kalanchae brasiliensis Cam. (23440) Crassulaceae Pratudo C(E) 0.05 Leaves Warm up leaves External use Pain in general
Ruta graveolens L. (n.c) Rutaceae Arruda C(E) 0.30 Leaves Tincture ? Headache
Sapindus saponaria L. (23729) Sapindaceae Sabonete W(N) 0.15 Bark of the stem Decoction Wash the hair fungi
Serjania comata Radlk. (23443) Sapindaceae Ariu W(N) 0.05 Root Infusion (tea) Drunk Rheumatism
Sideroxylon obtusifolium (Roem & Schult.) T. D. Penn. (n.c) Sapotaceae Quixaba W(N) 0.80 Bark of the stem Decoction or tincture External use Cicatrizing, bruise and anti-inflammation
Solanum paniculatum L. (23449) Solanaceae Jurubeba W(E) 0.05 Root and fruits Infusion (tea) Drunk Anti-inflammation and liver diseases
Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E. Br. (24233) Verbenaceae Erva-cidreira W(E) 0.65 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Digestive, dysentery, headache, fever and blood pressure
Lippia sp. (24303) Verbenaceae Alecrim W(N) 0.10 Leaves Infusion (tea) Drunk Digestive and dysentery
Hybanthus cf. ipecacuanha (L.) Baill. (23441) Violaceae Pepaconha W(E) 0.15 Root syrup Drunk Cough