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Table 3 Species richness and therapeutical indications of medicinal plants used by an rural community in Caatinga vegetation, Pernambuco (NE Brazil). *the preferred species was not cited for the indication.

From: Re-examining hypotheses concerning the use and knowledge of medicinal plants: a study in the Caatinga vegetation of NE Brazil

Indications Number of all species – (only Exotic plants) Preferred species
Cough 14 (4) Amburana cearensis, Schinopsis brasiliensis, Hymenaea courbaril.
Anti-inflammation 9 (2) Myracrodruon urundeuva, Anacardium occidentale, Sideroxylon obstusifolium.
Dysentery 7 (5) Psidium guajava.
Bruise 5 Myracrodruon urundeuva, Anacardium occidentale, Sideroxylon obstusifolium.
Fever 5 (5) Eucalyptus sp.
Digestive 4 (4) Cymbopogon citratus.
Problems of kidney 4 (1) Cereus jamacaru, Phyllanthus niruri.
Headache 4 (3) Lippia alba.
Snake poison 3 Jatropha mollissima.
Flu 2 Amburana cearensis.
Cicatrizing 2 Sideroxylon obstusifolium.
Rheumatism 2 Maytenus rigida.
Gastritis 1 *
Asthma 1 (1) *
Diabetes 1 *
Expel catarrh 1 *
Labirintitis 1 *
Tranquilizer 1 *
Burn 1 (1) *
Tooth pain 1 *
Allergy 1 (1) *
Depurative 1 *
Bronchitis 1 *
Weakness 1 *
Debility 1 *
Fungi 1 *
Pain in general 1 (1) *
Liver diseases 1 (1) *
Blood pressure 1 (1) *