Skip to main content

Table 2 Ethnoveterinary medicines used for horses in British Columbia

From: Ethnoveterinary medicines used for horses in Trinidad and in British Columbia, Canada

Scientific name Family Common name Plant part used Use
Achillea millefolium Asteraceae yarrow dried aerial parts fever
Alchemilla vulgaris Rosaceae lady's mantle leaves hormone imbalances
Allium sativum Liliaceae garlic cloves respiratory problems
Aloe vera Liliaceae aloe vera leaf gel hoof abscess, skin problems
Althea officinalis Malvaceae marshamallow aerial parts demulcent for devil's claw, prevent colic
Althea sp. Malvaceae mallow aerial parts counteract Lasix
Arctium lappa Asteraceae burdock root arthritis
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Ericaceae uva-ursi aerial parts bladder infections
Artemisia sp. Asteraceae wormwood aerial parts endoparasites
Astragalus membranaceous Fabaceae astragalus leaves recovery
Barosma betulina and B. crenulata Rutaceae buchu leaves kidney tonic
Berberis aquifolium Berberidaceae Oregon grape root abscesses
Calendula officinalis Asteraceae calendula infused flower oil & sulphur front fetlock irritation
Calendula officinalis Asteraceae calendula root ringworm
Calendula officinalis Asteraceae calendula flowers eye problems, grass rash, sunburn, wounds
Capsella bursa-pastoris Brassicaceae shepherd's purse aerial parts skin rash, skin problems
Capsicum sp. Solanaceae cayenne fruits joint pain
Cichorium intybus Asteraceae chicory aerial parts stomach problems
Coffee arabica Rubiaceae coffee roasted seeds tonic
Commiphora molmol Burseraceae myrrh resin, gum abscesses, wounds
Crataegus oxyacantha Rosaceae hawthorn berries, leaves or flowers heart tonic
Cucurbita pepo Cucurbitaceae pumpkin fruit flesh and seed tapeworms
Curcuma longa Zingiberaceae turmeric rhizome arthritis
Daucus carota Apiaceae carrot grated root pinworms
Echeveria elegans Crassulaceae hen and chicks leaves hoof abscess
Echinacea angustifolia, E. purpurea, E. pallida Asteraceae echinacea leaves and flowers abscesses
Equisetum arvense Equisetaceae horsetail aerial parts arthritis
Euphrasia officinalis Scrophulariaceae eyebright leaves eye problems
Filipendula ulmaria Rosaceae meadowsweet whole plant arthritis
Filipendula ulmaria Rosaceae meadowsweet dried aerial parts Fever, blood thinner
Fragaria virginiana Rosaceae strawberry leaf hormone imbalances
Galium sp. Rubiaceae bedstraw aerial parts grass colic
Glycyrrhiza glabra Fabaceae licorice root arthritis, counteract Lasix, prevent colic, muscle soreness, synergy
Harpagophytum procumbens Pedaliaceae devil's claw root arthritis
Humulus lupulus Cannabaceae hops strobiles prevent colic, nerves, sedative
Hypericum perforatum Hypericaceae St John's Wort flowers abscesses
Hyssopus officinalis Lamiaceae hyssop aerial parts heart tonic
Inula helenium Asteraceae elecampane aerial parts abscesses, endoparasites, respiratory problems
Laminaria sp., Fucus sp. Laminariaceae, Fucaceae kelp leaf abscesses
Lavandula augustifolia Lamiaceae lavender aerial parts soother
Lavendula sp. Labiatae lavender flowers anxiety, arthritis
Leonorus cardiaca Lamiaceae motherwort aerial parts wounds
Magnolia acuminata Magnoliaceae magnolia leaves anxiety
Malva sp Malvaceae mallow aerial parts respiratory problems
Matricaria chamomilla Asteraceae chamomile aerial parts eye problems
Matricaria recutita Asteraceae chamomile flowers prevent colic, hormone imbalances, muscle soreness, nervousness, stomach acid
Medicago sativa Fabaceae alfalfa hay bleeders
Melaleuca alternifolia Myrtaceae tea tree oil hoof abscess, wounds
Mentha piperita Lamiaceae peppermint Leaves, aerial parts intestinal problems, stomach acid
Oenothera biennis Onagraceae evening primrose flowers hormone imbalances
Passiflora incarnata Passifloraceae passion flower aerial parts hormone imbalances
Passiflora incarnata Passifloraceae passion flower flowers anxiety
Petroselinum crispum Apiaceae parsley aerial parts urinary cleanser
Plantago major Plantaginaceae broad-leaf plantain leaf abscesses, skin rashes
Prunella vulgaris Lamiaceae woundwort aerial parts wounds
Pulmonaria officinalis Boraginaceae lungwort aerial parts bleeders
Ricinus communis Euphorbiaceae castor bean oil abscesses
Rubus idaeus Rosaceae red raspberry leaves pregnancy
Rubus ursinus Rosaceae trailing wild blackberry leaves prevent colic
Rumex crispus Polygonaceae yellow dock leaves skin rash
Salix alba Salicaceae white willow bark arthritis, stomach lining, muscle soreness
Salix alba Salicaceae white willow bark and/or leaf fever
Salvia sp. Lamiaceae red sage leaves tonic
Scrophularia nodosa Scrophulariaceae figwort aerial parts wounds
Scutellaria baicalensis Lamiaceae baical skullcap aerial parts, leaves arthritis, skin rash
Scutellaria lateriflora Lamiaceae skullcap aerial parts, leaves revive gut flora, pain, nervousness
Silybum marianum Asteraceae Milk thistle seed arthritis, reduce blood pressure
Stachys officinalis synonyms Stachys betonica, Betonica officinalis Lamiaceae betony aerial parts wounds, prevent colic
Stellaria media Caryophyllaceae chickweed aerial parts skin problems
Symphytum officinalis Boraginaceae comfrey root counteract Lasix
Symphytum officinalis Boraginaceae comfrey leaves eye problems, abscess, hoof crack
Symphytum officinalis Boraginaceae comfrey root wounds
Tanacetum parthenium Asteraceae feverfew dried aerial parts fever
Taraxacum officinale Asteraceae common dandelion aerial parts intestinal problems, reduce blood pressure, straining
Thymus sp Lamiaceae thyme leaves coughs, colds
Thymus sp. Lamiaceae french thyme aerial parts endoparasites
Tilia europea Tilaceae linden flowers hormone imbalances
Ulmus rubra, U fulva Ulmaceae slippery elm bark soothe gut, abscesses, over-acidity, diarrhoea, wounds, gastroenteritis
Urtica dioica Urticaceae nettles aerial parts summer itch
Valeriana officinalis Valerianaceae valerian root nervousness
Verbascum thapsus Scrophulariaceae mullein aerial parts counteract Lasix, respiratory problems
Viburnum opulus Caprifoliaceae crampbark bark acute colic, cramps, respiratory problems, stomach ache
Vitex agnus-castus Verbenaceae agnus castus, chaste tree berries hormone imbalances
Zanthoxylum americanum Rutaceae prickly ash bark flush lactic acid from muscles, muscle soreness
Zingiber officinalis Zingiberaceae ginger rhizome intestinal problems