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Table 4 Seedling survival, total cost of cultivation, and net income by cultivation of 10 important species of the rare and endangered medicinal plants.

From: Developing the medicinal plants sector in northern India: challenges and opportunities

Species Seedling survival (%) Seed required per hectare (gm) Total cost of cultivation (US $) Total production (kg/hectare) Income (US $) Net income (US $)
Aconitum balfourii 60–70 614 2117 495 2692 575
Aconitum heterophyllum 60–70 614 2258 83 4528 2270
Angelica glauca 70–80 800 1630 1000 2174 544
Carum carvi >90 500 1652 650 2826 1826
Nardostachys jatamansi 50–60 600 2723 1129 6135 1412
Picrorhiza kurrooa 50–60 64 1117 612 1663 546
Podophyllum hexandrum 50–60 32,125 2718 4000 5218 2500
Rheum emodi 60–70 600 3044 9880 17183 14140
Rhem moorcroftianum 50–60 600 3044 4100 7130 4087
Saussurea costus 80–90 500 1783 3500 2283 500
  1. Source: Nautiyal and Nautiyal 2004 [82].