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Table 1 Medicinal plants used by traditional healers from Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu

From: Medicinal plants used by traditional healers in Kancheepuram District of Tamil Nadu, India

Botanical Name, Voucher Specimen Number and Family Local Name (Tamil) Method of preparation and Medicinal uses
Acanthaceae   
Adhatoda vasica Nees (T464) Adathodai Leaves are ground with the flowers of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis and taken orally to treat asthma.
Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Wallich ex Nees (T465) Nilavembu Leaf paste is applied topically at the bitten site of snake, beetle and scorpion. Powdered leaf is mixed with cow or goat's milk and taken orally to treat diabetes.
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T.Anderson (T224) Valukkai keerai Leaf powder is mixed with coconut oil and applied topically to heal wounds (burns).
Aizoaceae   
Trianthema portulacastrum L. (T466) Saaranai Decoction of roots is taken internally to treat Constipation and asthma.
Amaranthaceae   
Achyranthes aspera L. (T65) Naayuruvi Leaf paste is applied topically to treat cuts and Wounds.
Aerva lanata (L.) Juss.Ex Schult. (T412) Siru peelai Juice of whole plant is taken orally to treat cough, sore throat and wounds.
Anacardiaceae   
Mangifera indica L. (T472) Maamaram The latex from leaf and stem bark is used to treat heel cracks.
Odina wodier Roxb. Fl. (T475) Uthiyam, Odimaram Juice of leaves is taken orally to prevent white discharge in women.
Annonaceae   
Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites. (T490) Nettilingam Juice extracted from the fresh stem bark is taken orally to treat indigestion.
Apocynaceae   
Catharanthus roseus G. Don. (T474) Nithyakalyani Whole plant is powdered and mixed with cow's milk and taken orally to treat diabetes.
Nerium oleander Sol. (T481) Arali Juice prepared from the stem bark is boiled with gingelly oil and two drops are poured into ear to treat ear pain.
Rauwolfia tetraphylla Linn. (T354) Nagamani Paste of the whole plant is mixed with castor oil and applied topically to treat skin diseases.
Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br. (T355) Veppalai Juice of seeds taken orally to treat indigestion.
Araceae   
Acorus calamus L. (T476) Vasambu Dried rhizome is ground in water and the paste is given orally to children for clarity of speech.
Asclepiadaceae   
Gymnema sylvestre R. Br. (T225) Sirukurinchan Leaf powder is mixed with cow's milk and taken orally to treat diabetes. The root powder is taken orally and also applied on the bitten spot to treat snake bite.
Hemidesmus indicus Linn. R. Br.Muell. (T237) Nannari Juice extracted from the whole plant is taken Internally to keep the body cool.
Wattakaka volubilis Cooke. (T298) Kurinjan Leaf paste is applied topically to treat rheumatic pain, cough, fever and severe cold.
Asteraceae   
Eclipta prostrata L. (T334) Karisalanganni Leaf powder is mixed with coconut oil & applied on the hair regularly for healthy and black hair.
Sphaeranthus indicus L. (T501) Kottaikkarantai Leaf, flower and seeds are ground into paste and applied topically to treat skin diseases and piles.
Tridax procumbens L. (T10) Vettukayapundu Leaf paste is applied topically on cuts and wounds
Boraginaceae   
Coldenia procumbens L. (T19) Cheruppadai Juice of leaf is taken orally to prevent white discharge in women.
Heliotropium indicum L. (T498) Thelkodukku Paste of whole plant is applied topically to treat wounds and skin affections.
Caesalpiniaceae   
Cassia absus L. (T477) Karunaikanam Seeds are ground into paste and applied topically to treat skin diseases and headache.
Cassia auriculata L. (T24) Aavarai Flowers are crushed and mixed with goat's milk and taken orally to prevent white discharge in women.
Cassia occidentalis L. (T497) Peithagarai Leaf paste is applied topically to treat scabies and to heal bone fractures.
Tamarindus indica L. (T100) Puliya maram Dried fruits are taken orally to treat eye infections.
Capparaceae   
Capparis zeylanica L. (T395) Kathotti Root bark is ground with water, boiled and taken orally to treat indigestion.
Cleome viscosa L. (T78) Naikadugu, Leaf paste is applied topically to heal wounds.
Combretaceae   
Terminalia arjuna Roxb.Ex. Dc Wight & Arn. (T478) Marutha maram, Arjuna maram Fruit paste is applied topically on wounds. Bark powder is boiled with water and inhaled to cure headache to kill worms in teeth.
Convolvulaceae   
Merremia emarginata (Burm.f.) Hall.f. (T479) Elikkadilai Decoction of the whole plant is taken internally to treat stomach problems.
Cucurbitaceae   
Coccinia grandis (L.) J. Voigt. (T226) Kovai Leaf Juice is mixed with butter and applied topically to treat skin diseases.
Mukia maderaspatana (L.) M. Roemer (T324) Musumusukai Leaf powder is mixed with boiled rice and taken orally to treat cold and cough.
Cyperaceae   
Cyperus rotundus L. (T480) Korai, Muthakkasu Paste of dried tuber is applied on breast of women to secrete more milk and applied topically on bitten site of scorpion.
Euphorbiaceae   
Acalypha indica L. (T496) Kuppaimeni Leaf paste is applied topically to treat skin diseases.
Euphorbia antiquorum Linn (T481) Sathurakkalli Dried latex is taken internally in low dose to help free motion.
Euphorbia hirta L. (T104) Amman pacharisi The milky latex is applied topically to treat wounds and lip cracks.
Euphorbia tirucalli L. (T495) Kodikalli The stem is boiled with water and given to children to treat skin diseases.
Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thnn. (T482) Keezhanelli Fresh leaves are ground and mixed with a cup of cow or goat's milk and taken internally to cure jaundice.
Phyllanthus emblica L. (T494) Nelli Fruit powder is mixed with cow's or goat's milk and taken orally to treat cold and cough.
Ricinus communis L. (T502) Amanakku The leaf juice is taken orally or washed leaves are tied on the breast to increase secretion of milk in women. The oil prepared from the seeds is applied on lower stomach to get relief from stomachache.
Fabaceae   
Abrus precatorius Linn. (T03) Kundumani Root powder is taken orally along with cow's milk to treat scorpion sting and snakebite.
Clitoria ternatea L. (T206) Sangu Pushpam Root powder is mixed with water and taken orally to treat indigestion, eye diseases and headache.
Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre.(T503) Punga maram Juice of root is mixed with equal amount of coconut milk, boiled and applied topically to cure wound and gastric trouble.
Lamiaceae   
Coleus aromaticus Benth. (T483) Karpuravalli Leaf juice is taken orally by children to treat Indigestion and cough.
Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link. (T66) Thumbai A bunch of leaves is boiled and the vapour is inhaled to cure head ache and fever.
Ocimum sanctum L. (T504) Thulasi, Tulsi Leaves are crushed with onion bulbs and the juice is taken orally to treat cough, cold and headache.
Lauraceae   
Cinnamomum verum Presl. (T493) Lavangappattai, Karuvappatttai Decoction of stem bark is taken internally to treat cough, dysentery and to keep the body cool.
Liliaceae   
Aloe vera L. (T484) Sothukathalai Sap mixed with oil is heated and the mixture is applied on hair for hair growth and good sleep.
Sanservieria roxburghiana Schult. (T505) Marul Juice of warmed leaf is poured into ear to treat ear pain.
Lythraceae   
Lawsonia inermis L. (T492) Maruthani Leaf powder is mixed with coconut oil and applied topically to treat cuts and wounds.
Malvaceae   
Abutilon indicum L. (T485) Thuthi Leaf juice and root are taken orally to treat dental problems.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. (T506) Semparuthi Paste of fresh leaves is applied on the hair for healthy and black hair.
Sida acuta Burn. (T491) Arival manai poondu Leaf paste is applied topically to heal cuts, wounds and to get relief from headache.
Meliaceae   
Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (T552) Vembu Leaf paste is applied topically on the body to treat small pox, rheumatism and skin diseases. The young twigs are used as toothbrush to develop strong teeth.
Menispermaceae   
Tinospora cordifolia Miers. (T523) Seendil Leaf paste is applied topically to treat wounds.
Mimosaceae   
Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd. (T490) Velvelamaram Paste of fresh stem bark is applied topically to treat cuts and wounds.
Mimosa pudica L.(T238) Thottasurungi Pinch of leaf paste is applied topically to treat cuts and wounds.
Moraceae   
Ficus benghalensis L. (T551) Alamaram Stem latex is applied topically on heel cracks. Young stem is used as tooth brush.
Ficus racemosa L. (T 486) Athi maram Stem latex is applied topically to treat heel cracks.
Ficus religiosa L. (T550) Arasu Dried leaf powder is mixed with water and takenorally to get relief from body pain.
Moringaceae   
Moringa oleifera Lam. (T511) Murangai The leaf is taken as food and it reduces body heat and to treat indigestion and eye diseases. Flower is taken as food and it gives chillness to Eyes and increases sperm production in men.
Myrtaceae   
Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels (T489) Naval maram Paste of stem bark is applied topically to treat swellings. The ripe fresh fruits are taken orally to reduce body heat.
Nyctaginaceae   
Boerhaavia diffusa L. (T522) Mookaratai Root paste is applied topically to treat Hydrocele.
Poaceae   
Cynodon dactylon L. Pers. (T487) Arugampullu Decoction of whole plant is taken orally to keep the body cool.
Rhamnaceae   
Zizyphus mauritiana Lam.(T401) Ilandai Leaf and bark decoction is boiled and it is used to take bath to treat severe body pain. Dried bark powder is applied topically to treat wounds.
Rubiaceae   
Morinda tinctoria Roxb. (T511) Nuna, Manjanathi Leaf juice is given orally to children before food for easy digestion.
Oldenlandia umbellata L. (T585) Siruver, Sayaver The root paste is applied topically to arrest bleeding.
Spermacoce hispida L (T591) Nathaichuri The seeds are crushed into paste and taken orally to treat stomach problems.
Rutaceae   
Aegle marmelos Corr.ex.Roxb (T561) Vilvam Leaf paste is applied topically to heal wounds.
Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle. L. (T534) Elumitchai Decoction of leaves is inhaled to get relief from fever, headache and cold.
Murraya koenigii ( L.) Sprengel (T561) Karuveppilai; Kari-vembu Juice of tender leaves is taken orally to arrest vomiting.
Sapindaceae   
Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (T549) Mudakkathan Root is boiled with oil and applied on head before bath to treat throat infection and headache.
Solanaceae   
Datura metel L.(T535) Oomathai Few drops of leaf juice is poured into ear to treat earache.
Solanum nigrum L. (T526) Manathakkali Whole plant parts are taken as food to treat cough.
Solanum torvum Sw. (T527) Sundaikkai Leaf juice is taken orally to reduce body heat.
Solanum trilobatum L. (T558) Thuthuvalai Unripe fruits are prepared as curry or roasted in gingelly oil and taken orally along with food to strengthen the body. The leaf juice is taken orally to treat cough and itching.
Sterculiaceae   
Melochia corchorifolia L. (T110) Punnakku chedi Boiled leaf is taken as food to help in free motion.
Verbenaceae   
Clerodendrum inerme ( L.) Gaertn (T181) Piei nari sangu Leaf is ground in water and the juice is taken orally to treat fever.
Lantana camara L. (T14) Unni chedi A handful of flower is ground with coconut oil and applied topically on the head to get relief from headache.
Lippia nodiflora Mich. (T560) Poduthalai Paste of leaves is applied topically to treat swellings and wounds.
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Vahl. (T515) Seemainayuruvi Paste of stem and root bark is applied topically to treat dysentery.
Vitex negundo L. (T372) Notchi Leaves are boiled in water and the vapour is inhaled twice a day to get relief from headache, fever, cold, and cough.
Violaceae   
Hybanthus enneaspermus F. Muell (T520) Orithal thamarai Paste of whole plant is applied topically to treat cough.
Vitaceae   
Cissus quadrangularis L. (T444) Pirandai Paste of stem is taken orally for easy digestion.
Zygophyllaceae   
Tribulus terrestris L. (T567) Nerunchimul The fruit and root are mixed with boiled raw rice, taken orally to prevent white discharge in women and to treat urinary troubles.