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Table 4 Toxic plants for animals in the folk knowledges of Cirò, Calabria (Southern Italy)

From: Contribution to the knowledge of the veterinary science and of the ethnobotany in Calabria region (Southern Italy)

Family, scientific name, local name (voucher specimen) Toxicity N * Locality Habitat
Equisetum telmateja Ehrh – stocca e ammenta Plant with high toxicity for animals, above all for bovines and sheep (these animals usually refuse this plant) 5 CI To, da, di,edwo
Oxalis pes-caprae L. – campanedda; campanelle, trifoglio delle tortore° ; erba viscida, visciola °° – C45 People referred cases of sheep that, after eating a great amount of this plant (in fields infested by the plant in flower in a percentage of 80%), died or aborted. The sick animals showed: colic, tympanitis, paralysis for the limbs, coma. The herb is harmful above all for sheep (sometimes for goats), but innocuous for bovines and horses 5 CI Ru, cu (cla,si,su in hill)
Cestrum parqui L'Hér – erva fetusa C46 Cases of mortality of bovines due to the ingestion of the plant have been referred 3 CI To, he (in low hill), be
Ferula communis L. – feddurazzu C47 Plant toxic for grazing animals. The stem, if dried, loses its toxicity 2 CI Ru, to, roa, unc
  1. * = citations ° modern name °° old name
  2. Localities: CI Cirò
  3. Habitat: Be beachs; Cla clayey grounds; Cu cultivated species or cultivations; Da damp areas; Di ditches; Edwo edges of woods; He hedges; Roa roads; Ru ruins; Si silt grounds; Su sunny grounds; To along torrents; Unc uncultivated areas.