Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Plants used as food for ruminants in British Columbia

From: Ethnoveterinary medicines used for ruminants in British Columbia, Canada

Scientific name Local name Part(s) used Additional Use
Fucus vesiculosus L. (Fucaceae; Brown Algae) JBCL 11 kelp Plant Healthy fleece
Fucus vesiculosus L. (Fucaceae; Brown Algae) JBCL 11 bladderwrack Plant Iodine, trace minerals
Abies grandis (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindley not collected grand fir Branches maintain body heat
Acer macrophyllum Pursh (Aceraceae) JB 043 big-leaf maple inner bark --
Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae) JS041 yarrow aerial parts --
Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae) JS041 yarrow aerial parts --
Achlys triphylla (Smith) de Candolle (Berberidaceae) JS018 vanilla leaf aerial parts --
Adenocaulon bicolour Hook. (Asteraceae) not collected silver-green/pathfinder aerial parts --
Alnus rubra Bong. (Betulaceae) JB 108 red alder aerial parts maintain body heat
Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. (Asteraceae) JS034 pearly everlasting aerial parts --
Arbutus menziesii Pursh (Ericaceae) JS013 Arbutus fresh and dried leaves maintain body heat
Arctium lappa L. (Asteraceae) JB32 Burdock aerial parts --
Artemisia dracunculus L. (Asteraceae) JS025 Tarragon aerial parts --
Berberis aquifolium/Mahonia aquifolium (Berberidaceae) JB79 Oregon grape aerial parts --
Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae) JBR 94 lamb's quarters aerial parts --
Cichorium intybus L. (Asteraceae) not collected Chicory aerial parts --
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (Asteraceae) JS030 Canada thistle aerial parts Vitamin A
Claytonia perfoliata Donn ex Willd. ssp. perfoliata (Portulacaceae) JB20 miners lettuce aerial parts --
Cornus sericea (Cornaceae) not collected red osier dogwood aerial parts Winter feed
Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr. (Asteraceae) JS106 Crepis/Hawk's beard aerial parts --
Cucurbita pepo L. (Cucurbitaceae) not collected pumpkin Fruit Vitamin A
Cystisus scoparius L (Leguminosae) broom aerial parts cardiac tonic
Epilobium augustifolium L. (Onagraceae) not collected fireweed aerial parts --
Equisetum palustre L. (Equisetaceae) JB60 horsetail aerial parts minerals
Galium aparine L. (Rubiaceae) JS107 cleavers aerial parts coats
Gaultheria shallon Pursh. (Ericaceae) JS100 salal aerial parts --
Holodiscus discolor (Pursh.) Maxim. (Rosaceae) JB5 Ocean spray aerial parts gives sweet flavour to the milk
Hypochaeris radicata L. (Asteraceae) JB11 Hairy cats ear Stems --
Lactuca muralis (L.) Fresen. (Asteraceae) JB23 Wall lettuce aerial parts --
Linum usitatissimum L. (Linaceae) not collected flax Seeds coat
Lonicera caprifolium L. (Caprifoliaceae) not collected honeysuckle aerial parts --
Malus spp. (Rosaceae) not collected Apple Pulp --
Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) JS006 Lemon balm aerial parts calming
Origanum sp. (Lamiaceae) JS003 oregano aerial parts --
Phalaris arundinacea L. (Poaceae) JB30 Reed canary grass aerial parts --
Plantago major L. (Plantaginaceae) JB62a plantain aerial parts --
Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco (Pinaceae) JS049 Douglas fir young or thin branches --
Rosa nutkana K. Presl (Rosaceae) JS013 Nootka rose Aerial parts --
Rosa gymnocarpa Nutt. (Rosaceae) JS044 Baldhip, native and domestic rose and rose hips aerial parts --
Rubus idaeus L. ssp. idaeus (Rosaceae) not collected raspberry aerial parts --
Rubus idaeus L. ssp. idaeus (Rosaceae) not collected raspberry aerial parts --
Rubus parviflorus Nutt. (Rosaceae) JB25 thimbleberry aerial parts --
Rubus discolor Weihe & Nees JS028, Rubus ursinus Cham. & Shlecht. JS115 and Rubus laciniatus Willd. (Rosaceae) JB55 blackberry Branches --
Rubus spectabilis Pursh (Rosaceae) JB 038 Salmonberry aerial parts --
Rumex acetosella L. JS047 Sheep sorrel aerial parts --
Salvia officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) JS035 Sage aerial parts --
Sambucus racemosa L. (Caprifoliaceae) not collected red elderberry aerial parts --
Sonchus arvensis L., (Asteraceae) not collected Sow thistle aerial parts --
Stellaria media (L.) Cyrill. (Caryophyllaceae) JS108 chickweed aerial parts --
Taraxacum officinale (L.) Weber (Asteraceae) JB96 dandelions aerial parts --
Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don (Cupressaceae) JBR 21 red cedar inner bark and fronds --
Thymus vulgaris L. (Lamiaceae) JB61, JB73 thyme aerial parts --
Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. (Pinaceae) JB113 hemlock aerial parts maintain body heat
Urtica dioica L. (Urticaceae) JS023 nettles Aerial parts tonic
Vaccinium membranaceum Dougl., Vaccinium parvifolium Smith (Ericaceae) JS045 huckleberry Foliage, berries carotene, manganese, energy