Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Single medicinal plants treatment with parts used and preparation

From: Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by people in Zegie Peninsula, Northwestern Ethiopia

Species Family Local Name Use(s) Parts used and preparation
Achyranthes aspera L. Amaranthaceae Telenzje 'shererit kusil' (Herpes zoster) Chewing fresh leaves
    blood clotting Dressing with crushed fresh leaves
Acokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Schweinf. Apocynaceae Yemerz Enchet 'kusil' Dressing with crushed whole plant
    'yetat merz' (bacterial infection of nail) Dressing with crushed fresh root
Allium sativum L. Alliaceae Nech Shinkurt 'ayne maz' (eye sickness) Rubbing with warmed bulb
    evil eye Smelling aroma of bulb
Asparagus africanus Lam. Asparagaceae Yeset Kest 'sinfete wesib' Root powder is eaten with chicken soup
Brucea antidysenterica J. F. Mill. Simaroubaceae Aballo (Waginos) 'bullad' (weight loss fever, itching, diarrhea) Fruit powder mixed with honey and fermented for seven days is taken orally until cure
    'fintita sigelebet' (Haemorrhoids) Fruit powder mixed with milk is taken orally for three days
    'mushuro' (weight loss, dysentery and fever) Root powder mixed with honey is taken orally until cure
    dysentery Juice of leaf is taken orally in the morning
    'chiffea' (Eczema) Dressing with inner bark paste mixed with butter or oil
Calpurnia aurea (Alt.) Benth. Fabaceae Digita 'kuruba' Leaves or Fruit powder mixed with water or honey is taken orally
Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Papaya malaria Juice of leaves is taken orally
Centella asiatica L. Apiaceae Yeayit Joro swelling Dressing with leaf paste
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Benth Rutaceae Limche ear sickness Juice of leaves is used as ear drop
Clausena anisata (Willd.) Benth Rutaceae Limche stomachache Chewing root
Clematis hirsuta Perr & Guill Ranunculaceae Azo Hareg 'mich' Juice of fresh leaves is used as body lotion
    cough Juice of leaves with butter of fat is taken orally
    swelling Dressing with Leaf paste
Commelina sp. Commelinaceae Yemariam Wuha allergic Dressing with crushed fresh leaf
    ear infection Juice of leaves as ear drop
Croton marcostachyus Del. Euphorbiaceae Bissana 'ekeke' (scabies) Dressing with Crushed leaves mixed with butter or oil
    'kuruba' Leaves are eaten with wat(Diarrhoea, dysentery, stomach disorder) (local soup)
    'wef beshita' (hepatitis, jaundice) Leaf powder mixed with water is taken orally for seven days
    diarrhea Leaf powder mixed with water is taken orally
    quaqucha (Tinea versicolor) Rubbing and dressing with Latex from leaves
Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. Curcurbitaceae Yemidir Embuay (Este Melecot) 'ayn bar tessa' Chewing root
    'majrat getr' (meningitis) Root powder mixed with honey taken orally
    'nessr' (epistaxis) Juice of root applied though nose
    'wef beshita' Root powder is taken mixed with skimmed milk or noug orally in the morning
    rabies Root powder is eaten with tef kita
    stomachache, 'kuruba', umbilical cord labouring Chewing root
Cussonia holstii Harms ex. Engl. Araliaceae Sila burning Dressing with crushed fresh leaves
Cyphostemma junceum (Webb) Decoings ex Wild & Drummond Vitaceae Etse Zewe snake bite Chewing roots
Datura stramonium Solanaceae Astenagir swelling Dressing with leaf paste
    tooth ache Fresh leaves are boiled with water and the vapour is inhaled
    'fore fore' (dandruff) Fresh leaves are used for rubbing and dressing
    'kusil' Dressing with leaf paste
Dorstenia barnimiana Schwienf. Moraceae Work Bemeda 'wef beshita' Root powder is taken with skimmed milk or noug orally in the morning
    'yeahya kintarot' (donkey's wart) Dressing with root paste
    cancer Making small opening and inserting the root
    rabies Root powder is taken with skimmed milk or noug orally in the morning for seven days
    syphilis Root powder is taken with honey orally in the morning
    weight loss, diarrhea and fever Root powder mixed honey and fermented for seven days is taken orally in the morning until cured
Draceana steudeneri Engl. Dracaenaceae Etse Patos evil eye Root is burned and smoke is inhaled
Echinops kebericho Mesfin Compositae Kebercho evil eye Root powder is sprinkled on burning charcoal and smoke is inhaled
Euphorbia abyssinica J. F. Gmel. Euphorbiaceae Qulqwal venereal diseases Latex is eaten with tef of wheat kit
    'wef beshita' Latex mixed with water is taken orally
    rabies Root powder mixed water is taken orally
Euphorbia tirucalli L. Euphorbiaceae Kinchib 'kintarot' Rubbing with latex and dressing
    'kusil' Dressing with latex
Ferrula communis L. Apiaceae Dog cough Filtrate of boiled root mixed with honey taken orally until cured
Ficus thonningii Blume. Moraceae Chibha 'ayn bar tessa' (lose of appetite) Root with Noug is eaten
    diarrhea Chewing root
    stomachache Chewing inner Bark
Glinus lotoides L. Molluginaceae Meterea tapeworm Fruit powder mixed with noug is taken orally
Gnidia glauca (Fresen) Thymelaeaceae Beto rabies Root powder mixed with skimmed milk is taken orally for seven days
Gossypium herbaceum L. Malvaceae Tit snake bite Chewing root
Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J. F. Gmel. Rosaceae Kosso 'kosso' (tape worm) Powder mixed with water and fermented over night is taken orally in the morning
Helinu mystacinus (Ait.) E. Mey. ex Steud Rhamnaceae Esat Abered burning Dressing with crushed fresh leaves
Huernia concinna N. E. Br. Asclepiadaceae Yelam Tute 'kusil', swelling Dressing with crushed fresh leaf
Impomea sp. Convolvulaceae Filatsut babies' sickness Bathing with crushed leaf and stem
    cancer Making small opening and inserting the root
Indigofera spicata Forssk. Fabaceae Yebab Alenga babies' sickness Bathing with crushed fresh leaf and stem
    stomachache Chewing root
Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. ex A. Nees) T. Anders Acanthaceae Sensel (Smiza) 'wef beshita', 'kuruba' Juice of leaves is taken orally
    evil eye Smelling the aroma of fresh root
Kalanchoe petitana A. Rich. Crassulaceae Endehuahula swelling Making small opening and inserting the root
Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Bark Fabaceae Birbira 'mujelea' (chigger) Dressing with fruit paste mixed with butter
    'tfre metmte' (bacterial infection of nails) Dressing with leaf paste
    'yejoro kunkun' (earache) Juice of leaves or stem is used as ear drop
    amoeba Fruits powder mixed with honey is taken orally
Mimusops kummel Bruce ex. DC. Sapotaceae Eshe amoeba Eating fruits
Momordica foetida Schumach Cucurbitaceae Qura Hareg 'zuresh' (babies sickness) Bathing with crushed fresh root
Myrtus communis L. Myrtaceae Ades 'fore fore' (Dandruff) Bathing with crushed fresh leaves
    diarrhea, stomach disorder Juice of leaf is taken orally in the morning
Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. Lamiaceae Dama Kesse 'kusil' Fresh crushed leaves dressing
Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. Lamiaceae Dama Kesse 'kusil' Dressing with Bark paste
    'mich' Juice of leaves is taken with coffee orally
Pergularia daemia L. Asclepiadaceae Yeayit Hareg snake bite Making small cut at location and inserting root
Phytolacca dodecandra L'Herit Phytolaceae Endod (Male) 'kuruba' Root or leaf powder mixed with water is taken orally
    'kusil' Dressing with Fruit paste
    'wef beshita' Leaf powder mixed with water is taken orally
    rabies Root paste is taken with tef kita in the morning for seven days
Plumbago zeylanicum L. Plumbaginaceae Amira 'kurtimat' (rheumatic Pain) Fresh leaves are boiled and the filtrate is taken with honey orally for seven days
    cancer Root powder mixed with digne (sulphur) is applied
    cough Fresh leaves are boiled and the filtrate is taken with fermented butter orally
    snake bite Chewing Leaves
    swelling Dressing with root paste
Podocarpus gracilis Podocarpaceae Zigba vomiting Juice of leaves is taken orally
Rhamnus prinoides L. Rhamnaceae Gesho 'chiffea' (Eczema) Appling leaf paste mixed with butter as ointment
Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Kachima 'kuruba' Juice of root is taken orally
    tooth ache Chewing fresh root
Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Polygonaceae Tult 'entil siwerd' (tonsillitis), 'kuruba' Juice of root is taken orally
    umbilical cord labouring Tying fresh root around west
Ruta chalepensis L. Rutaceae Tena Adam evil eye Smelling aroma of fresh leaf and stem
    flue Juice of leaves is taken with coffee
Sansevieria erythraeae Mattei Dracaenaceae Algeti/cheret 'sinfete wesib' (impotence) Root powder is taken with tef potage
Sida ternata L. F. Malvaceae Yemidir Hareg 'lashet' (fungal disease) Dressing with crushed fresh leaves
Solanum marginatum L.f Solanaceae Geber Embuay 'kusil', swelling Dressing with crushed fresh root
Stephania abyssinica (Dillon. & A. Rich.) Walp. Menispermaceae Kib Kitel (Etse Eyesus) 'kuruba' Juice of root is taken orally
    babies' sickness Juice of leaves mixed with butter is taken orally
    stomachache Juice of leaf and stem is taken orally
    'kintarot' Dressing with stem paste
    'girfita' (fever, headache) Bathing with crushed fresh leaves
Stereospermum kunthianum Bignoniaceae Zana 'kola kusil' (infected cut or wound) Dressing with Bark paste
Taverniera abyssinica A. Rich Fabaceae Dingetegna Vomiting, dysentery Chewing root
Verbascum sinaiticum Benth. Scrophulariaceae Daba Keded 'kusil' Dressing with Fresh crushed leaves
    diarrhea, stomachache Juice of root is taken orally
Verbena officinalis L. Verbenaceae Atuch 'gusmit' (stomach disorder) Juice of leaves is taken orally
    'yeshererit beshita' (Herpes zoster) Dressing with leaf paste
    ear sickness Juice of fruit with olive oil is used as ear drop
    evil eye Smelling of aroma of fresh root
    snake bite Chewing root
    stomachache Chewing root
    'wesfat' (ascaris) Juice of root is taken orally
Vernonia adoensis Sch. Bip. ex Walp. Asteraceae Este Mossa menstrual disorders Root are chewed with honey
Vernonia amygdalina Del. Asteraceae Girawa 'entil siwerd' (Tonsillitis) Juice of leaf is taken orally
    'likift' (devil sickness, madness) Root is burned and smoke is inhaled
    'satan beshita' (devil sickness) Bathing with crushed fresh leaves
    evil eye, 'satan beshita', 'tesbo beshita' (epidemic disease) Root powder is sprinkled on burning charcoal and smoke is inhaled
Ximenia americana L. Olacaceae Enkoye 'entil siwerd' (tonsillitis) Juice of bark is taken orally
    'kusil' Dressing with bark paste
Zehneria scabra Asteraceae Hareg Ressa (Este Sabek, Shahirit) 'mich' Leaves and stem are boiled and the vapour is inhaled and bathing
    'kintarot' (wart) Pressing with warmed stem
Zingiber officinale Rosc. Zingiberaceae Zinjible stomachache Chewing rhizome