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Table 1 Species established to be used as a broom in the study area: Bulgaria. Collected data – original data for current investigation.

From: Plants traditionally used to make brooms in several European countries

Taxon Family Vernacular name References
Alnus incana (L.) Moench. Betulaceae Bjala elsha [46]
Artemisia annua L. Asteraceae Ednogodishen pelin [16, 19-20, 33]
Artemisia scoparia W. et K. Asteraceae Metloviden pelin [19-20, 46]
Bassia scoparia (L.) A.J. Scott Chenopodiaceae Obiknovena metla [46]
Bassia prostrata (L.) A.J. Scott Chenopodiaceae Polegnala metla Collected data Fig. 4 [SO 104396]
Betula pendula Roth Betulaceae Obiknovena breza [46, 19-20]
Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull. Ericaceae Obiknovena kaluna [20]
Caragana frutex (L.)K. Koch Fabaceae Hrastovidna karagana [19-20, 46]
Carduus spp. Asteraceae Magareshki bodil [27]
Carpinus orientalis Mill. Betulaceae Keljav gabar [19-20]
Centaurea spp. Asteraceae Harmanska metlichina [16, 19-20, 28, 46]
Cephalaria transylvanica (L.) Roem. & Schult. Dipsacaceae Transilvanska zvezdoglavka [46]
Cirsium spp. Asteraceae Palamida [27]
Cornus mas L. Cornaceae Obiknoven drjan [19]
Corylus avellana L. Corylaceae Obiknovena leska [19]
Cytisus agnipilus Velen. Fabaceae Rodopski zanovetz [20]
Erica arborea L. Ericaceae Strandzhanski piren [19-20, 46]
Erica manipuliflora Salisb. Ericaceae Piren [19]
Melampsorella caryophyllacearum J. Schrot. (it causes gall of stem of Abies spp.) Uredinales Samodivski metli, Veshtichni metli Collected data Fig. 5 [SO 104397]
Panicum miliaceum L. Poaceae Tatarsko proso [27]
Phillyrea latifolia L. Oleaceae Ggripa [20]
Salix spp. Salicaceae Varba, Rakit [19]
Scabiosa ochroleuca L. Dipsacaceae Zhaltenikava samogrizka [46]
Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Poaceae Metla, sorgo [19, 46], Fig. 7–9
Spiraea salicifolia L. Rosaceae Varbolisten tazhnik [20]
Spiraea media F. Schmidt. Rosaceae Tazhnik Collected data [SO 104398]
Taphrina spp. infectious agent on Prunus, Betula, Carpinus spp. Ascomycetes "Rozhkovi" Collected data Fig. 6
Xeranthemum annuum L. Asteraceae Obiknoveno bezsmartniche [16, 46]