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Table 1 List of the all selected study areas, including those (in italics) that have been the object of previous studies (see Methods) and have been considered here for comparative purposes only.

From: The importance of a taste. A comparative study on wild food plant consumption in twenty-one local communities in Italy

Community/area code Community/area name Region Ecological and economic characteristic of the community/area Ethnicity/Language Number of interviewees
N1 Val Canale/Kanatal and Carnia Friuli-Venezia Giulia Mountainous/alpine area: small-scale agriculture, tourism German, Slovenian, and Friulan 25
N2 Val Lagarina Trentino-South Tyrol Mountainous/pre-alpine area: tourism, agriculture, industrial activities Northern Italian 25
N3 Alta Valsassina Lombardy Mountainous/pre-alpine area: tourism, cow breeding, intensive industrial activities nearby Northern Italian 25
N4 Val Grande and Verbania/Countryside Piedmont Mountainous/pre-alpine area: tourism Northern Italian 25
N5 Valchiusella Piedmont Mountainous/pre-alpine area: eco-tourism, industrial areas close by Northern Italian 25
N6 Moncalieri and Ternavasso Lake area Piedmont rural/industrialised area: intensive agriculture (vineyards), industrial activities Northern Italian 47
N7 Verduno Piedmont Rural/industrialised area: intensive agriculture (vineyards), eno-gastronomic tourism, minor industrial activities Northern Italian 23
N8 Val Nervia Liguria rural area: intensive agriculture (flowers, olive trees, vineyards); thermal tourism near by Northern Italian 25
N9 Chiavari hills Liguria Rural area: tourist activities near by Northern Italian 28
N10 Quattro Castella Emilia-Romagna Rural/industrialised area: intensive agriculture, pig breeding, food industries Northern Italian 25
C1 Massa Carrara/Countryside Tuscany rural area: agriculture (olive trees), industrial activities nearby Central Italian 25
C2 Garfagnana Tuscany Mountainous/rural area: tourism, small-scale agriculture, minor industrial activities Central Italian 95
C3 Terni/Contryside Umbria rural area: agriculture (olive trees and vineyards); industrial activities nearby Central Italian 27
S1 Ginestra Basilicata Rural area: agriculture (vineyards and olive trees), industrial activities nearby Albanian 68
S2 Castelmezzano Basilicata Rural area: small scale agriculture, tourism South Italian 86
S3 Gallicianò Calabria Rural area: small scale agriculture Greek 36
S4 Pisano Etneo Sicily Rural area: small scale agriculture, industrial activities nearby South Italian 21
S5 Messina/Countryside Sicily Rural/industrialised peri-urban area: small scale agriculture, industrial activities nearby South Italian 25
S6 Alcamo area Sicily rural area: agriculture (olive trees and vineyards), eno-gastronomic tourism South Italian 25
SAR Dorgali, Oliena, and Gavoi Sardinia Rural area: small scale agriculture (olive trees), minor industrial activities nearby Sardinian 25
AB1 Milan/Hinterland Lombardy Industrialised peri-urban area Northern Italian 24
AB2 Valverde Lombardy Rural area: small scale agriculture and food industries Northern Italian 23
AB3 Val Sangone and Susa Valley Piedmont Mountainous/pre-alpine area: tourism Northern Italian and Franco-Provençal 26
AB4 Naples/Countryside Campania Rural/industrialised peri-urban area: intensive agriculture, industrial activities nearby Southern Italian 25
AB5 Trisobbio Piedmont Rural area: intensive agriculture (vineyards) Northern Italian 30