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Table 1 Plant species used in treating various HIV/AIDS related conditions in Bukoba rural district

From: Use of traditional medicines in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Tanzania: a case in the Bukoba rural district

Family Plant name Local name (Haya) Part used Condition treated Collection code No.
Acanthaceae Thurnbergia alata Sims Rwankura Leaves/Roots Oral candidiasis DK013/06
Aloaceae Aloe sp. Enkaka Leaves Herpes zoster DK046/06
Anacardiaceae Mangifera indica L. Omunembe Leaves Tuberculosis (TB) DK037/06
  Ozoroa insignis Del. Omukerenge Roots Skin rashes, Tuberculosis, Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster, Cryptococcal menengitis, Oral candidiasis DK023/06
  Rhus natalensis Krauss Omusheshe Leaves/Roots Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Cryptococcal meningitis, skin infections DK044/06
  Rhus vulgaris Meikle Omukanja Leaves/Roots Chronic diarrhea, skin rashes DK036/06
  Pseudospondias microcarpa Engl. Omuziru Leaves/Bark Tuberculosis, Oral candidiasis DK005/06
  Lannea schimperi (A. Rich) Engl. Ombumbo Bark Tuberculosis, Skin rashes, Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Chronic diarrhea DK047/06
Annonaceae Annona senegalensis Pers. Omukonya Root Herpes zoster, Cryptococcal meningitis, Skin infections DK034/06
Apocynaceae Rauvolfia vomitoria Afz. Omunyabusindi Leaves/Bark/Roots Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Skin rashes. DK030/06
Araliaceae Cussonia arborea Hochst. Ex A. rich Kijagaajaga Bark Chronic diarrhoea DK022/06
Asteraceae Vernonia adoensis Walp. Nyakibasi Leaves Tuberculosis DK008/06
  Vernonia amygdalina Del. Omumbilizi Leaves Skin rashes, Chronic diarhhoea, Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Cryptococcal meningitis. DK016/06
  Senecio syringifolius O. Hoffm. Ekishenda Roots Herpes simplex DK031/06
  Ageratum conyzoides L. Kyabakiriao Leaves Cryptococcal meningitis, Herpes zoster. DK025/06
  Bidens pilosa L. Mbukurura Leaves Oral candidiasis. DK054/06
  Conyza floribunda H.B.K. Lukobe Leaves Skin rashes DK027/06
Bignonaceae Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. Omujunguti Bark/Fruit Herpes simplex DK032/06
Caesalpiniaeae Cassia abbreviate Oliv. - Leaves Skin rashes DK045/06
  Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Mwita njoka Roots Chronic diarrhea DK021/06
  Cassia mimosoides L. Akashanganziru Leaves/Roots Tuberculosis DK024/06
Capparaceae Capparis erythrocarpos Isert Oluvuranganga Roots Skin rashes, Tuberculosis, Cryptococcal meningitis, Oral candidiasis, Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, chronic diarrhoea DK028/06
  Gynadropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. Eiopyo Leaves Oral candidiasis, Oral sores DK033/06
  Capparis tomentosa Lam. Omukolokomba/Rukwatango Roots Tuberculosis, Oral candidiasis, Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex DK020/06
Caricaceae Carica papaya L. (male) - Leaves/Roots Oral candidiasis DK035/06
Celastraceae Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Exell Omunyambuliko Bark/Root Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster, Oral candidiasis, Skin rashes, Tuberculosis DK018/06
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium opulifolium Koch. & Ziz. Mwitango Leaves Herpes simplex DK015/06
  Chenopodium Ambrosioides L. Akaita malogo Leaves Herpes simplex, cryptococcal meningitis DK056/06
Chrysobalanaceae Parinari curatellifolia Benth. Omunazi Bark/Root Skin rashes, Tuberculosis, Chronic diarrhea, Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex. DK039/06
Clusiaceae Garcinia buchananii Bak. Omusharazi Bark/Root Tuberculosis, Chronic diarrhoea, Cryptococcal Meningitis, Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Skin rashes DK063/06
  Psorospermum febrifugum Spach. Ekiana Bark/Root Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Cryptococcal meningitis, Skin infections. DK003/06
  Harungana madagascariensis Lam. Ex Poir Omujumbo Leaves/Bark Chronic diarrhea DK006/06
Combretaceae Combretum collinum Sound. Omukoyoyo Leaves/Bark/Roots Chronic diarrhea, Tuberculosis DK041/06
  Terminalia mollis Laws Muhongora Bark Cryptococcal meningitis, Tuberculosis DK058/06
Convolvulaceae Ipomoea sinensis (Desr.) Choisy Omusinda nyungu Leaves Oral candidiasis, Tuberculosis DK055/06
Cucurbitaceae Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond. Akabindizi Whole plant Cryptococcal meningitis, Oral candidiasis, Skin rashes, Herpes simplex. DK017/06
Dennstaedtiaceae Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn. Olulele Leaves Oral candidiasis, Tuberculosis DK029/06
Dracaenaceae Dracaena steudneri Engl. Omugorogoro Bark Cryptococcal meningitis, Tuberculosis, Oral candidiasis DK014/06
Euphorbiaceae Sapium ellipticum (Krauss) Pax Omushasha Bark Tuberculosis, Herpes zoster, Cryptococcal meningitis DK019/06
  Ricinus communis L. Omujuna Roots Chronic cough DK048/06
  Jatropha curcas L. Ekiyo Leaves Skin rashes, Oral candidiasis DK011/06
  Antidesma venosum Tul. Mbatabata Roots Tuberculosis, Chronic diarrhoea, Oral candidiasis DK049/06
  Phyllanthus reticulatus poir. Kaumura Leaves Herpes simplex DK076/06
Lamiaceae Plectranthus barbatus Andr. Kasindano/Kishwija Leaves Oral candidiasis, Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Skin rashes DK010/06
  Plectranthus comosus Sims Mukono wa nkanda Leaves Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Skin rashes, Oral candidiasis, Tuberculosis DK071/06
  Ocimum gratissimum L. Kashwagara Leaves Chronic diarrhea, Herpes simplex DK065/06
Malvaceae Hibiscus fuscus Garcke Olushuya Leaves Chronic diarrhoea DK053/06
Mimosaceae Entada abyssinica A. rich. Mwiganjura Leaves/Bark Skin rashes, Tubercuilosis, Oral candidiasis, Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex. DK026/06
  Entada leptostachya Steud ex A. rich. Ekitakuli Roots Skin rashes, Tuberculosis, Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster DK043/06
  Acacia hockii De Willd. Mugando Bark Herpes zoster DK038/06
Myricaceae Myrica salicifolia A. Rich. Omukikimbo Bark/Root Tuberculosis, Chronic diarrhea, Cryptococcal meningitis, Herpes simplex DK057/06
Myrtaceae Psidium guajava L. Omupera Leaves Tuberculosis, Chronic diarrhea DK042/06
  Syzygium guineense (Willd) DC Omuchwezi Bark Chronic diarrhea DK059/06
  Syzygium cordatum Krauss Omugege Leaves/Bark Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Skin rashes DK070/06
Olacaceae Ximenia americana var. caffra (Sond.) Engl. Omusheka Roots Skin rashes DK074/06
Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana L. Akatojo Leaves/Seeds Cryptococcal meningitis DK062/06
Papillionaceae Erythrina abyssinica DC. Omurinzi Bark/Root Tubeculosis DK040/06
  Eriosema psoraleoides (Lam.) G. Don. Omukakara Leaves Chronic diarrhea DK077/06
  Abrus precatorius L. Kaligaligo Leaves Oral candidiasis DK052/06
  Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Mtandaikwa Stem string Oral candidiasis DK066/06
Passifloraceae Adenia gummifera (Harv) Harms. Nyarimari Stem/Root Oral candidiasis DK073/06
Phytolacaceae Phytolacca dodecandra L'Herit Muhoko Leaves Herpes zoster, Skin rashes. DK079/06
Polygalaceae Securidaca longipedunculata Fres. Omweiya Leaves/Bark/Root Cryptococcal meningitis, Oral candidiasis DK069/06
Polygonaceae Rumex usambarensis (Dammer) Dammer Akarurinzi Leaves/Roots Chronic diarrhea, Oral candidiasis, Skin infections DK060/06
Ranunculaceae Clematis hirsute Guill. & Perr. Omnkamba Leaves Tuberculosis, Cryptococcal meningitis, Herpes zoster DK051/06
Rubiaceae Canthium zanzibarica Klotzsch. Omushangati Bark/Root Cryptococcal meningitis DK080/06
  Tarenna graveolens (S.Moore) Breun. Omushangati Bark/Roots Cryptococcal meningitis DK067/06
  Vagueria infausta Hochst. Mubungo Leaves Oral candidiasis DK061/06
Rutaceae Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f. - Root Tuberculosis DK075/06
Sapindaceae Allophyllus africanus Beauv. Katatera Mnyanya Leaves Chronic diarrhea DK050/06
Tiliaceae Grewia bicolor Juss Omukoma Leaves/Bark/Roots Chronic diarrhea DK064/06
Ulmaceae Trema orientalis (L.) Blume Muuwe Leaves Oral candidiasis DK078/06
Verbenaceae Vitex fischeri Gurke Omuunda Bark Herpes zoster, Tuberculosis, Herpes simplex, Skin rashes DK068/06
Vitaceae Rhoicissus tridentate (L.f.) Wild & Drum. Ekimara Leaves Herpes zoster DK072/06