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Table 1 Farmer's perceptions of causes of soil erosion. N = 48 farmers.

From: Locating farmer-based knowledge and vested interests in natural resource management: the interface of ethnopedology, land tenure and gender in soil erosion management in the Manupali watershed, Philippines

Causes Percent reporting
Rolling/sloping topography 30.23
Continuous/heavy rain 18.60
Continuous cultivation 18.60
Use of tractors 13.95
Deforestation 11.62
Hard/compact soil 2.30
Lack of run-off canal 2.30
Farmer laziness 2.30