Skip to main content

Table 1 Plants of veterinary and medical utility in Samburu District.

From: Ethnopharmacological survey of Samburu district, Kenya

Family Species Local name Voucher no. Habit Part used Preparation Therapeutic indications Route
Anacardiaceae Acokanthera schimperi Benth. & Hook. Lmorijoi MN 18 TR Leaves Hot decoction Ectoparasites(ticks, fleas, mite) pc
  Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Lperantai MN 40 SH Stem bark Powdering, Cold decoction Ectoparasites pc
  Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl Lamuriai MN 6 SH Roots, Leaves, Chewing, hot/cold decoction Theileriosis, helminthosis, rheumatism, Malaria TB, Venereal diseases(VD), Salmonellosis, Heart water po
  Nerium oleander L   MN 33 SH Leaves, Seeds Hot decoction URTI and GIT complications po
  Rhus natalensis Bernh. ex Kraus Lmisigiyoi MN 8 H Roots, leaves Hot decoction Malaria, fevers, TB po
Asclepiadaceae Pentarrhinum inspidum E. Mey. Lkisuchie MN 5 L Leaves Hot decoction Anaplasmosis po
Asphodelaceae Aloe secundiflora Engl. Sukuroi MN 28 H Stem Burning and squeezing to drip hot exudate Ectoparasites pc
Asteraceae Gutenbergia cordifolia Benth. Lodwaporo MN 52 SH Leaves, Roots powdering, hot decoction Ticks, Giardisis Po, pc
  Psiadia punctulata (DC.) Oliv. & Hiern Labaai MN 19 H Leaves Fumigation, smoke/steam bath Ectoparasites pc
Balanitaceae Balanites rotundifolia (Tiegh.) Sorai, ebei MN 36 SH Leaves Hot decoction GIT complications (Emetic), Eye infection po
Boraginaceae Cordia sinensis Lam Lkweite MN 49 SH Flowers Grinding, hot decoction Malaria and fevers, Eye infection po
  Ehretia buxifolia. Willd Lkinyl MN 2 SH Root bark Pounding, hot decoction GIT complications, URTI, Malaria po
Caesalpiniaceae Senna singueana Del Senetoi MN 21 SH Leaves Grinding, hot decoction Malaria, complicated fevers po
Canellaceae Warburgia ugandensis Sprague Sokorioi MN 37 TR Stem bark, leaves Hot decoction helminthosis, Heart water, Ectoparasites black quarter, emetic, Trypanosomosis, ECF po
Capparidaceae Capparis spinosa.L Lkaridangai MN 15 SH Root bark Hot decoction URTI po
Celastraceae Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Laimurunyai MN 47 SH Leaves, roots Hot decoction Malaria po
Combretaceae Terminalia brownii Fries Lbukoi MN 32 TR Stem bark Hot decoction yellow fever, GIT Complications(emetic), Trypanosomosis po
Ebenaceae Euclea divinorum Hiern Lchingei MN 11 SH Seeds, Roots Hot decoction Malaria, Fevers, Anaplasmosis, VD po
Euphorbiaceae Croton megalocarpus Hutch. Lmargwet MN 26 TR Root bark Homogenization and decoction Malaria, Fevers, diarrhea, Anaplasmosis, wounds. po
  Euphorbia candelabrum Mpopong'i MN 44 TR Leaves, barks Stem cutting to drip Sap mix with rumen contents URTI and GIT complications, wounds, coenurosis. pc
  Euphorbia herechroma Pax lpara MN 53 SH Stem sap Stem cutting to drip Sap Tick infestation, Ectoparasites pc
  Ricinus communis L. oldula MN 46 SH Leaves Hot decoction Malaria, fevers, RAB  
Lamiaceae Ajuga remota.Benth Lmenang'i MN 3 H leaves, roots Crushing, hot decoction with soup RAB, GIT complications, Anaplasmosis, Mastitis po
Loranthaceae Odontella fischeri Larrudenyai MN 43 TR Stem bark Hot decoction Retained afterbirth, Wounds po
Meliaceae Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Mwarubaini MN 29 TR Leaves, Stem barks Stem cutting, pounding, Hot/cold decoction Malaria, Fevers, GIT complications po
Mimosaceae Acacia abyssinica Hochst. Lngingiletome MN 45 TR Root bark Homogenization Gastrointestinal distress, Lumbago and arthritis po
  Acacia drepanolobium Rangau MN 51 TR Root bark Powdering, Cold decoction RAB, Babesiosis, GIT complications  
  Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. Eluai MN 16 TR Root bark Hot decoction GIT complications, Babesiosis po
  Albizia anthelmintica Brongn. Lmungutan MN 27 TR Root bark, roots Pounding, Cold decoction Antihelmintic (Lungworms), Malaria, wounds po
Myrsinaceae Myrsine africana L. Seketet MN 7 SH Seeds Grinding, hot decoction, chewing Helminthosis, Malaria, Wounds, TB, GIT complications po
  Rapanea melanophloeios.L Sitoni MN 48 SH Seeds Grinding, hot decoction Antihelmintic (Roundworms). po
Myrtaceae Syzygium cordatum Hochst Loiragi MN 39 SH Leaves Hot decoction GIT complications po
Olacaceae Ximenia caffra Sond. Ledat MN 13 SH Roots, leaves Hot decoction Malaria, Fevers, Acute URTI, Dermatitis, ulcers, po
Oleaceae Olea africana Miller Lgeriyoi MN 23 SH Stem bark Pounding, hot decoction Helmithosis, Asthma, Rheumatism, Lumbago, po
  Schrebera alata Lkauwawa MN 35 SH Root bark Pounding, chewing Candidiasis, Toothache po
Poacea Enteropogon macrostachyus (Hochst.) Lkujita-ongo MN 14 L whole plant Hot decoction Tryapanosomosis po
Podocarpaceae Podocarpus falcatus (Thunb.) Masanduku MN 38 SH Leaves Hot decoction, Fumigation Measles pc
Rhamnaceae Cissus quadrangularis.L Sukurtuti MN 50 SH Leaves, Fruits Crushing, homogenizing for hot/cold decoction Wounds, gastric ulcers, schistosomiasis, neurosis, ECF, rheumatism, epilepsy, TB, Asthma, collibacillosis po
  Helinus integrifolius (Lam.) Kuntze Lmekori MN 12 SH Root bark Grinding. hot decoction, mix with milk Arthritis, paralysis po
  Rhamnus stado L Lkukulai MN 10 SH leaves, fruits hot decoction Malaria, fevers po
  Scutia myrtina (Burm. F.) Kuntz Laturdiai MN 20 SH Leaves Hot decoction Retained afterbirth po
Rubiaceae Rubia cordifolia L. Loitunenei MN 9 L Leaves, Roots Hot decoction URTI po
Rutaceae Teclea simplicifolia (Engl.) Lgelai MN 42 TR Ro, Flowers Hot decoction Cerebral malaria, Fevers po
  Zanthoxylum usambarense (Engl.) Loisuk MN 31 SH Seeds Grinding, Hot decoction URTI, Malaria, Malignant catarrhal fever. po
Salvadoraceae Salvadora persica L Sekotei MN 41 SH Roots Grinding, hot decoction RAB, ulcers, seizures, toothbrush, mange, Trypanosomosis, Brucellosis, and Anthrax. po
Simaroubaceae Harrisonia abyssinica Oliv. Lasaramai MN 24 SH Roots, Leaves Grinding, hot decoction Abscess, ECF, Malaria, Lumbago, Rheumatism, RAB po
Solanaceae Nicotiana tabacum L. Lkumbao MN 34 SH Leaves Crushing, smoke bath, chewing Snuff, Ectoparasites, wounds, Babesiosis, gastro-enteritis, chronic cough, gingivitis, candidosis, glossitis Pc,
  Solanum incanum L. Ltulelei MN 22 H Fruit Burn and drip sap on skin Ectoparasites pc
Verbanaceae Lippia javanica (Bur) Sunoni MN 4 SH Leaves Fumigation, decoction Migraines, Measles in, pc
  Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) Lmakutikuti MN 25 TR Root Powdering, hot decoction, chewing GIT, Lumbago, Venereal diseases. po
Viscaeae Viscum tuberculatam Larrudenyai MN54 SH Root bark Hot decoction RAB po
Vitaceae Rhoicissus tridentata (L.F.) Nkilenyai MN 1 L Leaves Crushing, cold homogenization URTI, Malaria  
  Hilderbrantia sepalosa Nyirman MN 30 SH Roots Crushing, hot decoction URTI and GIT complications Po
  1. Habit (H – Herb, L – Liana, SH – Shrub, TR – Tree); Therapeutic indications (ECF – East Cost Fever, GIT – Gastrointestinal, RAB – Retained Afterbirth, TB – Tuberculosis, URTI – Upper Respiratory Tract Infections, VD – Venereal Diseases); Routes (in -Intranasal, pc – Per cutaneous, po – Per os).