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Table 2 List of animals uses as medicinal purposes in different parts of India.

From: Traditional zootherapeutic studies in India: a review

S. N. Category Scientific name English name Red data list CITES
1. Invertebrate Apis cerana indica – (Fabricius 1798) Honey bee   
2. Invertebrate Apis dorsata (Fabricius, 1793) (Rock bee)   
3. Invertebrate Apis florea (Fabricius, 1787) (Little bee)   
4. Invertebrate Blatta orientalis Linnaeus, 1758 – valid – blatte orientale, oriental cockroach Cockroach   
5. Invertebrate Bombyx mori (Linnaeus) Silkworm   
6. Invertebrate Cancer pagurus (Linnaeus, 1758) Crab   
7. Invertebrate Cimex lectularius (Linnaeus, 1758) Bed Bug   
8. Invertebrate Cimex rotundatus (Signoret, 1852) Bed Bug   
9. Invertebrate Dactylopius coccus (Costa, 1835) Cochineal insect   
10. Invertebrate Dasymutilla occidentalis (Linnaeus) Velvet ant   
11. Invertebrate Dorylus labiatus Shuckard, 1840 Ant   
12. Invertebrate Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner, 1805) Pod Borer   
13. Invertebrate Heterometrus swammerdami (Simon, 1872) Synonym – Palamnaeus swammerdami Scorpion   
14. Invertebrate Kerria lacca (Kerr, 1782) Lac insect   
15. Invertebrate Macrobrachium malcolmsonii (H. Milne-Edwards, 1844) Prawn   
16. Invertebrate Matuta planipes (Fabricius, 1798) Synonym-Matuta victor Sandy shore Crab   
17. Invertebrate Musca domestica nebulo (Fabricius. 1784) Housefly   
18. Invertebrate Nephotettix nigropictus (Stal), 1870 Green Leafhopper (GLH)   
19. Invertebrate Oecophylla smaragdina (Fabricius, 1775) Weaver ant   
20. Invertebrate Pheretima posthuma (L. Vaillant) 1868 Earthworm   
21. Invertebrate Photuris lucicrescens (Barber, 1951) Lightening Beetles or Fireflies or Lighting bugs   
22. Invertebrate Pila globosa (Swainson, 1822) Apple Snail   
23. Invertebrate Trombidium grandissimum (Koch, 1867) Red Velvet Mite   
24. Invertebrate Uca pugnax Hermit Crab   
25. Pisces Amphipnous cuchia (Hamilton, 1822). Eel   
26. Pisces Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton, 1822) cuchia eel   
27. Pisces Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray, 1832) Fish   
28. Pisces Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793) Eel Fish Data deficient  
29. Pisces Tor putitora (Hamilton, 1822) Fish Endangered  
30. Pisces Channa punctata (Bloch, 1793) Synonym-Channa punctatus Linn. Channa Least concern  
31. Pisces Labeo gonius (Hamilton, 1822) carp fish Least concern  
32. Pisces Labeo rohita (Hamilton, 1822) Labeo Least concern  
33. Pisces Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier, 1816) Synonym-Zygaena blochii Hammer head shark Near threatened  
34. Amphibian Fejervarya limnocharis synonym-Lymnonecties limnorcharis Frog Vulnerable  
35. Amphibian Hoplobatrachus tigerinus (Daudin, 1803) synonym-Rana tigrina Frog Vulnerable II
36. Reptile Gloydius himalayanus (Günther, 1864) Synonym-Ancistrodon himalayans Snakes Data Deficient  
37. Reptile Eryx johnii (Russell, 1801) Earth Boa Least concern II
38. Reptile Naja naja (Linnaeus, 1758) Cobra Near threatened II
39. Reptile Calotes versicolor (Fitzinger, 1826) Common Garden Lizard Near threatened  
40. Reptile Lissemys punctata (Lacépède, 1788) Indian Flap shell turtle Near threatened II
41. Reptile Ptyas mucosus (Linnaeus, 1758) Snakes Near threatened II
42. Reptile Python reticulatus (Schneider, 1801) python Near threatened II
43. Reptile Daboia russelii (Shaw & Nodder, 1797) Synonym-Vipera russelli Snakes Near threatened III
44. Reptile Varanus bengalensis (Daudin, 1758) Monitor Vulnerable I
45. Reptile Kachuga tentoria (Gray, 1834) Hard shelled Turtle. Vulnerable II
46. Reptile Uromastyx hardwickii (Gray, 1827) Spiny tailed lizard Vulnerable II
47. Reptile Varanus salvator (Laurenti, 1768) Monitor Vulnerable II
48. Aves Acridotheres ginginianus (Latham, 1790) Bank myna Least concern  
49. Aves Centropus sinensis (Stephens, 1815) Crow-pheasant Least concern  
50. Aves Coracias benghalensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Indian Roller Least concern  
51. Aves Corvus splendens (Vieillot, 1817) Crow Least concern  
52. Aves Gallus gallus domesticus hen Least concern  
53. Aves Halcyon smyrnensis (Linnaeus, 1758) White-breasted Kingfisher Least concern  
54. Aves Passer domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758) House sparrow Least concern  
55. Aves Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Indian Peafowl Least concern  
56. Aves Pseudibis papillosa (Temminck, 1824) Black ibis Least concern  
57. Aves Streptopelia decaocto (Frivaldszky, 1838) Collared dove Least concern  
58. Aves Vanellus indicus (Boddaert, 1783) Red-wattled bird Least concern  
59. Aves Aquila rapax (Temminck, 1828) Eagle Least concern II
60. Aves Gallus sonneratii (Temminck, 1813) Jungle fowl Least concern II
61. Aves Strix aluco nivicolum (Blyth, 1845) Owl Least concern II
62. Aves Tyto alba (Scopoli, 1769) Barn or Screech Owl Least concern II
63. Aves Columba livia (Gmelin, 1789) Pigeon Least concern III
64. Aves Martes flavigula (Boddaert, 1785) Martens bird Least concern III
65. Aves Catreus wallichii (Hardwicke, 1827) Chir pheasant Vulnerable I
66. Mammal Myotis lucifugus (LeConte, 1831) Bat Conservation Dependent  
67. Mammal Bison bison (Linnaeus, 1758) Bison Conservation Dependent II
68. Mammal Equus asinus (Linnaeus, 1758) Donkey Indian   
69. Mammal Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) Tiger Endangered I
70. Mammal Bubalus bubalis (B. arnee) (Linnaeus, 1758) Buffalo   
71. Mammal Capra falconeri (Wagner, 1839) goat Endangered I
72. Mammal Camelus dromedarius (Linnaeus, 1758) Camel Least concern  
73. Mammal Capra sibirica (Pallas, 1776) goat Least concern  
74. Mammal Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambhar Least concern  
75. Mammal Cynopterus sphinx (Vahl, 1797) Bat Least concern  
76. Mammal Felis catus (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonym-Felis domesticus Cat Least concern  
77. Mammal Funambulus pennantii (Wroughton, 1905) Five Striped Palm Squirrel Least concern  
78. Mammal Hystrix indica (Kerr, 1792) Porcupine Least concern  
79. Mammal Lepus nigricollis (F. Cuvier, 1823) Hare Least concern  
80. Mammal Muntiacus muntjak (Zimmermann, 1780) Barking deer Least concern  
81. Mammal Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linnaeus, 1758) Hare Least concern  
82. Mammal Paraechinus micropus (Blyth, 1846) hedgehog Least concern  
83. Mammal Petaurista petaurista (Pallas, 1766) Flying squirrel Least concern  
84. Mammal Pseudois nayaur (Hodgson, 1833) Bharal Least concern  
85. Mammal Rattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758) Rat Least concern  
86. Mammal Sus scrofa cristatus Indian Wild Boar Least concern  
87. Mammal Sus scrofa domestica Domesticated pig Least concern  
88. Mammal Semnopithecus entellus (Dufresne, 1797) Synomym-Presbytis entellus Hanuman Monkey Least concern I
89. Mammal Ursus thibetanus (G. Cuvier, 1823) Synonym-Selenarctos thibetanus Himalayan black bear Least concern I
90. Mammal Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann, 1780) Rhesus Macaque Least concern II
91. Mammal Canis aureus (Linnaeus, 1758) Jackal Least concern III
92. Mammal Herpestes edwardsii (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1818) Mongoose Least concern III
93. Mammal Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Pallas, 1777) Common Palm Civet, Toddy Cat Least concern III
94. Mammal Bos taurus (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonym-Bos indicus Cattle   
95. Mammal Equus caballus (Linnaeus, 1758) Horse   
96. Mammal Homo sapiens (Linnaeus, 1758) Human   
97. Mammal Canis lupus familiaris (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonym-Canis familiaris Dog   
98. Mammal Hemitragus jemlahicus (H. Smith, 1826) Himalayan Thar Near threatened  
99. Mammal Hyaena hyaena (Linnaeus, 1758) Striped Hyena Near threatened  
100. Mammal Manis crassicaudata (Gray, 1827) Indian Pangolin Near threatened II
101. Mammal Pteropus giganteus (Brünnich, 1782) Indian flying fox Near threatened II
102. Mammal Equus onager khur (Lesson, 1827) Synonym-Equus hemionus khur (Lesson, 1827) Indian wild ass Endangered I
103. Mammal Bos gaurus (H. Smith, 1827) Synonym-Bos frontalis Mithun Vulnerable  
104. Mammal Elephas maximus indicus (Cuvier, 1798) elephant Vulnerable I
105. Mammal Melursus ursinus (Shaw, 1791) Sloth Bear Vulnerable I
106. Mammal Moschus moschiferus (Linnaeus, 1758) Musk deer Vulnerable I
107. Mammal Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1758) Leopard Vulnerable I
108. Mammal Equus hemionus (Pallas, 1775) Indian wild ass Vulnerable II
109. Mammal Semnopithecus johnii Synonym-Presbytis johni Black monkey Vulnerable II