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Table 9 Local Knowledge on spawning season of Epinephelus marginatus in the coast of Brazila, b

From: Ecology and ethnoecology of dusky grouper [garoupa, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834)] along the coast of Brazil

Spawning Season Copacabana Bertioga Itacimirim Florianópolis Vitória I. Total
Apr–May 1      1
August    1    1
Cold/Rainy Season   3 3 1   7
December     2   2
Dec–Feb 1     1 2
Jul–May     1   1
June 1      1
March     1   1
Nov–Dec   1     1
November 1      1
Nov–May    1    1
Oct–Nov     4   4
Summer   2   1   3
Does not know 6 5 10 2 1 24
Interviews 10 11 15 11 2 49
  1. aBertioga and Vitória Island (São Paulo), Copacabana (Rio de Janeiro), Pântano do Sul (Florianópolis, Santa Catarina), and Itacimirim (Bahia).
  2. bBased on interviews with experienced fishermen [40 years up, fishing and living in the locality for 25 years or more].