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Table 1 Comparison on the use of some of the medicinal plant species by the different tribal groups/traditional healers in India

From: Ethnomedicinal plant use by Lepcha tribe of Dzongu valley, bordering Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, in North Sikkim, India

Species Lepcha Tribe
[Present study]
Apatani Tribe [10] Jaintia Tribe [47] Tolcha Bhotiya[48] Paliyar Tribe [49] Traditional[50]
Acorus calamus Linn. Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Skin diseases, fever, cough
Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Cuts, wounds. skin diseases, bone fracture
----- ----- Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Throat infection
Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Throat infection
Ageratum conyzoides Linn. Part use: Leaf
Disease: Cut, wounds, diarrhoea, dysentery, intestinal colic with flatulence
Part use: Leaf
Disease: Cuts, wounds
Part use: Leaf
Disease: Cuts, wounds
----- ----- -----
Allium cepa Linn. Part use: Bulb
Disease: Fever, act as cooling agent
Part use: Bulb
Disease: Eye pain
----- ----- ----- -----
Bischofia javanica Blume Part use: Leaves, bark
Disease: Sore throat, diarrhoea
----- ----- ----- Part use: Bark
Disease: Nervous disorder, to stimulate hair growth
-----
Cannabis sativa Linn. Part use: Seed
Disease: Body ache
----- ----- Part use: Seed, leaf
Disease: Burn and muscular pain, stomach pain, worms
----- -----
Citrus aurantifolia Christum. Part use: Root, fruit, seeds, leaf
Disease: Worms, vomiting sensation
----- ----- ----- ----- Part use: Leaf
Disease: Fever, headache, cold
Coriandum sativum Linn. Part use: Shoot
Disease: Expelling gas, indigestion, stomach pain
----- Part use: Fruit
Disease: Stomach pain
----- ----- -----
Costus speciosus Smith Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Veneral disease, urinary tract infection
----- ----- ----- Part use: Leaf
Disease: Diabetes
-----
Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Nausea, stomach ache, expelling gas
Part use: Whole plant
Disease: Blood purification
----- ----- ----- -----
Curcuma caesia Roxb. Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Expelling gas
Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Cough, asthma
----- ----- ----- -----
Curcuma longa Linn. Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Throat pain, cold, cough, fever
----- Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Dyspepsia
----- ----- -----
Curcuma zedoaria Roxb. Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Skin disease, diarrhoea and colic, indigestion
Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Cold, cough
----- ----- ----- -----
Cynodon dactylon (Linn.) Pers. Part use: Leaves, root
Disease: Piles, cuts, wounds, diarrhoea, dysentery
----- ----- ----- ----- Part use: Whole plant
Disease: Cooling agent for body
Dillenia indica Linn. Part use: Leaves, fruit
Disease: Fever, constipation, dysentery
Part use: Fruit
Disease: Stomachache
----- ----- ----- -----
Dioscorea alata Linn. Part use: Tuber/Rhizome
Disease: Throat pain
Part use: Tuber/Rhizome
Disease: Indigestion
----- ----- ----- -----
Drymaria cordata Willd. Ex Roem & Schult Part use: Whole aerial part
Disease: Sinusitis and nose blockade, headache, sore throat pain, fever, headache
----- ----- ----- Part use: Leaf
Disease: Cracked heel
-----
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. Part use: Grains
Disease: Diarrhoea
----- ----- Part use: Leaf
Disease: Headache, fever
----- -----
Ficus hirta Vahl. Part use: Root
Disease: Food poison
Part use: Fruit
Disease: Cuts, wounds
----- ----- ----- -----
Ficus religiosa Linn. Part use: Whole plant/bark/fruit
Disease: Burning sensation of genitals, vomiting, cracked heel
----- ----- ----- ----- Part use: Leaf
Disease: Body pain
Juglan regia Linn. Part use: Bark
Disease: Worms
----- ----- Part use: Seed, bark
Disease: Body itching, stomachache
----- -----
Lantana camara Linn. Part use: Leaves
Disease: Cuts, wounds, pain reliever
----- ----- ----- ----- Part use: Flower
Disease: Headache
Mimosa pudica Linn. Part use: Root
Disease: Piles, boils
----- Part use: Root
Disease: Piles
----- ----- Part use: Leaf
Disease: Cuts, wounds
Momordica charantia Linn. Part use: Fruit, tender shoot/root
Disease: Diabetes, blood purification, snake bite
----- Part use: Leaf
Disease: Rabies, chest/rheumatic pain
----- ----- -----
Musa paradissica Linn Part use: Sap
Disease: Fever
Part use: Fruit
Disease: Indigestion
----- ----- ----- -----
Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz Part use: Bark, seed
Disease: Fever, pneumonia
Part use: Seed
Disease: Headache
----- ----- ----- -----
Oxalis corniculata Linn. Part use: Whole plant
Disease: Appetizer, boils, dysentery, throat pain
Part use: Shoot
Disease: Appetizer, headache
----- Part use: Leaf, root
Disease: Cuts, wounds
----- -----
Picrorhiza kurrooa Benth. Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Fever, cough
Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Fever, cold
---- Part use: Root/Rhizome
Disease: Jaundice, stomachache, dyspepsia, dysentery
----- -----
Rhododendron campanulatum D. Don Part use: Leaves
Disease: Cough
----- ----- Part use: Leaf
Disease: Cuts, wounds, cold, cough
----- -----
Rubia cordifolia Roxb. Ex Fleming Part use: Root
Disease: Urinary infection, skin diseases
Part use: Root
Disease: Cracked heel
----- ----- Part use: Shoot
Disease: Stomachache
-----
Rubus ellipticus Smith. Part use: Tender shoot, root
Disease: Stomach pain, worms, headache
Part use: Fruit
Disease: Indigestion
----- Part use: Root
Disease: Stomachache
----- -----
Rumax nepalensis Sreng. Part use: Whole plant
Disease: Wounds, hair loss
Part use: Leaf
Disease: Indigestion
----- Part use: Leaf
Disease: Indigestion
----- -----
Urtica dioica Linn. Part use: Whole plant
Disease: Bone fracture and dislocation, diarrhoea, cough, child delivery
Part use: Leaf
Disease: Bone fracture
----- ----- ----- -----
Zingiber officinale Rose. Part use: Rhizome
Disease: Cough, fever, throat pain
Part use: Rhizome
Disease: Cough
----- ----- ----- -----