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Table 1 Comparison on the use of some of the medicinal plant species by the different tribal groups/traditional healers in India

From: Ethnomedicinal plant use by Lepcha tribe of Dzongu valley, bordering Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve, in North Sikkim, India

Species Lepcha Tribe [Present study] Apatani Tribe [10] Jaintia Tribe [47] Tolcha Bhotiya[48] Paliyar Tribe [49] Traditional[50]
Acorus calamus Linn. Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Skin diseases, fever, cough Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Cuts, wounds. skin diseases, bone fracture ----- ----- Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Throat infection Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Throat infection
Ageratum conyzoides Linn. Part use: Leaf Disease: Cut, wounds, diarrhoea, dysentery, intestinal colic with flatulence Part use: Leaf Disease: Cuts, wounds Part use: Leaf Disease: Cuts, wounds ----- ----- -----
Allium cepa Linn. Part use: Bulb Disease: Fever, act as cooling agent Part use: Bulb Disease: Eye pain ----- ----- ----- -----
Bischofia javanica Blume Part use: Leaves, bark Disease: Sore throat, diarrhoea ----- ----- ----- Part use: Bark Disease: Nervous disorder, to stimulate hair growth -----
Cannabis sativa Linn. Part use: Seed Disease: Body ache ----- ----- Part use: Seed, leaf Disease: Burn and muscular pain, stomach pain, worms ----- -----
Citrus aurantifolia Christum. Part use: Root, fruit, seeds, leaf Disease: Worms, vomiting sensation ----- ----- ----- ----- Part use: Leaf Disease: Fever, headache, cold
Coriandum sativum Linn. Part use: Shoot Disease: Expelling gas, indigestion, stomach pain ----- Part use: Fruit Disease: Stomach pain ----- ----- -----
Costus speciosus Smith Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Veneral disease, urinary tract infection ----- ----- ----- Part use: Leaf Disease: Diabetes -----
Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Nausea, stomach ache, expelling gas Part use: Whole plant Disease: Blood purification ----- ----- ----- -----
Curcuma caesia Roxb. Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Expelling gas Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Cough, asthma ----- ----- ----- -----
Curcuma longa Linn. Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Throat pain, cold, cough, fever ----- Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Dyspepsia ----- ----- -----
Curcuma zedoaria Roxb. Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Skin disease, diarrhoea and colic, indigestion Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Cold, cough ----- ----- ----- -----
Cynodon dactylon (Linn.) Pers. Part use: Leaves, root Disease: Piles, cuts, wounds, diarrhoea, dysentery ----- ----- ----- ----- Part use: Whole plant Disease: Cooling agent for body
Dillenia indica Linn. Part use: Leaves, fruit Disease: Fever, constipation, dysentery Part use: Fruit Disease: Stomachache ----- ----- ----- -----
Dioscorea alata Linn. Part use: Tuber/Rhizome Disease: Throat pain Part use: Tuber/Rhizome Disease: Indigestion ----- ----- ----- -----
Drymaria cordata Willd. Ex Roem & Schult Part use: Whole aerial part Disease: Sinusitis and nose blockade, headache, sore throat pain, fever, headache ----- ----- ----- Part use: Leaf Disease: Cracked heel -----
Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. Part use: Grains Disease: Diarrhoea ----- ----- Part use: Leaf Disease: Headache, fever ----- -----
Ficus hirta Vahl. Part use: Root Disease: Food poison Part use: Fruit Disease: Cuts, wounds ----- ----- ----- -----
Ficus religiosa Linn. Part use: Whole plant/bark/fruit Disease: Burning sensation of genitals, vomiting, cracked heel ----- ----- ----- ----- Part use: Leaf Disease: Body pain
Juglan regia Linn. Part use: Bark Disease: Worms ----- ----- Part use: Seed, bark Disease: Body itching, stomachache ----- -----
Lantana camara Linn. Part use: Leaves Disease: Cuts, wounds, pain reliever ----- ----- ----- ----- Part use: Flower Disease: Headache
Mimosa pudica Linn. Part use: Root Disease: Piles, boils ----- Part use: Root Disease: Piles ----- ----- Part use: Leaf Disease: Cuts, wounds
Momordica charantia Linn. Part use: Fruit, tender shoot/root Disease: Diabetes, blood purification, snake bite ----- Part use: Leaf Disease: Rabies, chest/rheumatic pain ----- ----- -----
Musa paradissica Linn Part use: Sap Disease: Fever Part use: Fruit Disease: Indigestion ----- ----- ----- -----
Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz Part use: Bark, seed Disease: Fever, pneumonia Part use: Seed Disease: Headache ----- ----- ----- -----
Oxalis corniculata Linn. Part use: Whole plant Disease: Appetizer, boils, dysentery, throat pain Part use: Shoot Disease: Appetizer, headache ----- Part use: Leaf, root Disease: Cuts, wounds ----- -----
Picrorhiza kurrooa Benth. Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Fever, cough Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Fever, cold ---- Part use: Root/Rhizome Disease: Jaundice, stomachache, dyspepsia, dysentery ----- -----
Rhododendron campanulatum D. Don Part use: Leaves Disease: Cough ----- ----- Part use: Leaf Disease: Cuts, wounds, cold, cough ----- -----
Rubia cordifolia Roxb. Ex Fleming Part use: Root Disease: Urinary infection, skin diseases Part use: Root Disease: Cracked heel ----- ----- Part use: Shoot Disease: Stomachache -----
Rubus ellipticus Smith. Part use: Tender shoot, root Disease: Stomach pain, worms, headache Part use: Fruit Disease: Indigestion ----- Part use: Root Disease: Stomachache ----- -----
Rumax nepalensis Sreng. Part use: Whole plant Disease: Wounds, hair loss Part use: Leaf Disease: Indigestion ----- Part use: Leaf Disease: Indigestion ----- -----
Urtica dioica Linn. Part use: Whole plant Disease: Bone fracture and dislocation, diarrhoea, cough, child delivery Part use: Leaf Disease: Bone fracture ----- ----- ----- -----
Zingiber officinale Rose. Part use: Rhizome Disease: Cough, fever, throat pain Part use: Rhizome Disease: Cough ----- ----- ----- -----