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Table 1 Ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal plants in the world

From: Ethnobotany in the Nepal Himalaya

SN Location and total no. of higher plants Ethnobotanical plants as % of total flora Ethnomedicinal plants Source
1 Nepal, 7000 28% 21% of total flowering plants [49, 51]
2 Nepal, 7000 56.35% * 53.59% of total plants in use Present study
3 Hindu Kush Himalaya, 25000 33–40%   [120]
4 Indian Himalaya, 8000   21% of total flowering plants [55]
5 India, 17000 14% 44% of total flowering plants [122]
6 Pakistan, 6000   12% of total flowering plants [103]
7 China, 29700   41% of total flowering plants [121]
8 World, 297000 <   10–18% of total plants [57]
  1. * Percentage of plants used in terms of species richness of sites