Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Frequency list of the thirty-two most commonly collected taxa. The list includes sixteen records of głóg, a term which could refer to either Crataegus or Rosa (both taxa are equally frequently called by this name), which were assigned in the proportion of 8:8 to each of the genera.

From: Archival data on wild food plants used in Poland in 1948

Species Number of localities Parts and main modes of use
Rumex spp. 75 leaves, raw and cooked in soups
Chenopodium album 50 leaves, boiled and fried, mainly as famine food
Rubus subgenus Rubus spp. 48 fruits, raw and in preserves
Fragaria vesca 47 fruits, raw and in preserves
Vaccinium myrtillus 47 fruits, raw and in preserves
Urtica spp. 38 leaves, boiled and fried, mainly as famine food
Vaccinium vitis-idaea 34 fruits, raw and in preserves
Rubus idaeus 32 fruits, raw and in preserves
Oxalis spp. 31 leaves, raw, as children's snack
Corylus avellana 29 fruits, mainly raw
Rosa spp. 29 fruits, raw and in preserves
Prunus spinosa 27 fruits, raw and in preserves, largely as children's snack
Armoracia rusticana 26 roots, grated, as meat condiment
Betula spp. 26 sap, mainly as children's beverage
Sambucus nigra 24 fruits, preserved
Crataegus spp. 22 fruits, raw and in preserves, largely as children's snack
Carum carvi 19 seeds, added to bread and sauerkraut
Elymus repens 19 rhizomes, dried and ground, used only as famine food
Tilia spp. 17 flowers, infusion
Acorus calamus 13 young shoots, only as children's snack
Trifolium spp. 13 nectar from flowers sucked by children
Centaurea cyanus 12 petals used by children to make a fermented drink with sugar
Quercus robur 12 acorns, roasted to make coffee
Mentha longifolia & M. arvensis 11 infusion, soups and dumplings
Prunus padus 11 fruits, raw as children's snack
Ribes nigrum &R. spicatum 11 fruits, raw or preserved covered in sugar or as juice and jam; only in eastern and northern Poland
Taraxacum spp. 10 leaves, raw, served like lettuce
Vaccinium uliginosum 10 fruits, raw or as juice, jam, soup or compote;
Fagus sylvatica 9 raw nuts eaten by children
Malva sylvestris & M. neglecta 9 immature fruits, eaten raw, mainly in western Poland
Sorbus aucuparia 9 fruits, juice, jam, soup, liqueurs
Vaccinium oxycoccos 9 fruit, usually in jams and sauces