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Table 6 Medicinal plants reported by household respondents of Berta ethnic group, Assosa Zone, Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State, June-July 2006

From: Ethnomedical survey of Berta ethnic group Assosa Zone, Benishangul-Gumuz regional state, mid-west Ethiopia

Scientific name Family Vernacular name Collection No. Indication(Citation) Part used Preparation
Acacia sp. Fabaceae Mezel TF-145 * Gunfan (4), Headache Fruit Ground, boiled with water and drunk
Achyranthus aspera L. Amaranthaceae Dumugelo TF-031 Fever Leaf Boiled with water and drunk
Acmella caulirhiza Del. Asteraceae Etsegne andewu TF-171 * Tirse Himem (4) Root Ground and put in-between teeth
Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. Aristolochiaceae Abujenajil TF-186 Diarrhoea (2), * Lib Himem (3) Seed Ground, dispersed in water and drunk; also applied on the body
Breonadia salicina (Vahl) Hepper & Wood Rubiaceae Digel TF-203 * Yehitsan beshita Stem Ground, dispersed in water and drunk
     * Kurtemat Seed Put into fire and exposed to its smoke
   Tigl   *Setan (2) Stem Root Dried stem and root are put in fire and patient is exposed to the smoke
Bridelia sp. Euphorbiaceae Sheketful TF-200 Headache (4), * Gunfan Root Ground and applied on the head and drunk with water for Gunfan
Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait.f. Asclepiadaceae Aberdade TF-188 Antidot for scorpion bite (2) Latex Fresh leaves are cut and the exuding latex applied to affected area
Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth. Fabaceae Etsegne eru TF-194 * Yehitsan beshita (9) Root Ground and drunk with water
Carrisa spinarum L. Apocynaceae Etsegne gundew TF-042 *Yewegeb medhanit Root Ground, dispersed in water and drunk
Cissampelos pareira L. Menispermaceae Abujelajil TF-190 Diarrhoea (6), Abdominal cramp (1), * Lib Himem (3) Root Ground and drunk with water
   Etseyanefasu/di   * Lib Himem Leaf Ground, dispersed in water and drunk
Clematis sp. Ranunculaceae Etsegn egne TF-202 Headache Root Ground and drunk with water
   (Etseye Egne)   * Yetut medhanit Seed Ground, dispersed in water and drunk; also applied on the affected area
   Shekedful   Snake repellant (2), * Gunfan Seed Ground, dispersed in water and sprayed in areas around house; also smoked like cigarette for * Gunfan
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) R. Br. ex Vatke Verbenaceae Bishchereh   * Cheguara Root Ground, dispersed in water and drunk
   Etsegne shaleha TF-184 * Birde(2) Fruit Ground, dispersed in water and drunk; also applied on the affected area
   Etseya shalew   * Birde (2) Root Boiled with water and drunk like soup
   Etseye hoho   * Gunfan Root Ground, dispersed in water and drunk
Combretum sp. Combretaceae Keye TF-206 Diarrhoea, * Lib Himem Bark Eaten as it is or ground, dispersed in water and drunk
Croton macrostachyus Del. Euphorbiaceae Abnga TF-067 Anti-dot for snake and corpion venom (3) Bark Ground into powder and applied to affected area
Dovyalis sp. Flacourtiaceae Etseya bishu TF-207 * Lib Himem (2) Root Ground and drunk with water or eaten as it is
Echinops sp. Asteraceae Etsegne setan TF-185 * Setan (3) Root Dried, put in fire and patient is exposed to the smoke
Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) merr. Flacourtiaceae Agnaneshewe TF-204 * Cheguara (1), Malaria (1) Fruit Eaten as it is
Grewia mollis Juss Tiliaceae Hurinotse TF-010 * Dem mefses lemakome (2) Stem Cut into pieces and put on the bleeding part together with the leaf
Grewia trichocarpa Hochst ex A. Rich. Tiliaceae Horgnatse TF-195 * Dem mefses lemakom Bark Tied on the part to cover the cut and stop bleeding
Indigofera spicata Forssk Fabaceae Atahuna TF-192 Nausea Seed Ground to fine powder and drunk with water
   Etsegne Murkewu   Chronic patient Root Ground, dispersed in water and drunk
   Etsegne shumegn   * Lib himem (2) Root Ground, dispersed in water and drunk
Lennea sp. Anacardiaceae Kuwa TF-080 Diarrhoea, Bone fracture (2) Bark Ground, mixed with hot water and drunk; or tied around broken area for Siberat
Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Almim TF-199 Malaria (8), Headache (3) Leaf Leaf boiled with water and drunk
Ocimum canum Sims. Lamiaceae Beshiw TF-191 To get dirt out of eyes (3), Tracoma (1) Seed Powdered seeds are sprinkled into the eye
     * Lib Himem Leaf Ground leaf is drunk with water
Phyllanthus limmuensis Cufod. Euphorbiaceae Aselfudi TF-196 * Setan (4), * Wetet Beshita (1) Root Ground and drunk with water
Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh Fabaceae Magel
Mukul
TF-036 * Setan Root Dried, put in fire and patient is exposed to the smoke
Plectranthus sp. Lamiaceae Etsegne retuba TF-201 * Birde Root Ground, dispersed in water and drunk
Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Schweinf.) Harms Meliaceae Aduruba TF-197 Diarrhorea Bark Eaten as it is
Pterolobium stellatum (Forssk) Brenan Fabaceae Qudu TF-205 Diarrhorea (2), * Cheguara Root Root (after removing the cover) boiled together with Acacia sp. in water and drunk
Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Ashenshemuke TF-045 *Seberat Leaf Immersed in warm water and used to massage the area
Securidaca longepedunculata Fresen. Polygonaceae Shekede TF-187 Headache (3) Root Ground and applied to the head
Senna sp. Fabaceae Etsegne eyu TF-89 Diarrhoea (14), Bone fracture (1) Stem Ground and drunk with water for diarrhea; powder tied on fractured bone
   Aterha
Ayune
  Diarrhoea (4) Root Bark Root is ground, dispersed in water and drunk; bark is eaten as it is
   Etseya shemegna   * Setan (4) Root Dried root is put on fire and patient is exposed to the smoke
   Etsegne shalew   Bone fracture (2)   Root is ground and drunk with water and also tied around the fractured bone
   Umusihir   Abdominal cramp Seed Powdered seed is dispersed in water and drunk
       Bark is eaten as it is; powdered root is dispersed in water and drunk
Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. Myrtaceae Abulmitse TF-008 * Yehitsan beshita Stem Powdered, dispersed in water and drunk; also applied on the body
Tamarindus indica L. Fabaceae Mala TF-193 Malaria (10), Diarrhoea, Appetizer (2) Fruit Chopped, dispersed in water and the suspension is drunk
Vernonia sp. Asteraceae Etsene
ahuha
TF-175 Diarrhoea Root Ground, dispersed in water and drunk
   Heten   Malaria (2) Leaf Boiled with water and sugar is added before it is drunk
Vigna sp. Fabaceae Etsegne Alhanser TF-198 * Kanser (2) Root Ground and drunk with water
Ximnea sp. Olacaceae Bibi TF-207 * Gunfan (6),
* Kufigne (1)
Leaf Eaten with salt
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Rhamnaceae Amurusam TF-189 Open wound Leaf Leaves are ground, dispersed in water and applied on the wound
     Malaria, Diarrhoea Seed Seed is ground, dispersed in water and drunk
  1. (Illnesses with asterisks are in local terms and the major signs and symptoms or closer meanings are presented in Appendix 1).