Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Species of animals used for medical purposes in the community Poço Dantas, municipality of Crato, Ceará, Brazil

From: Zootherapeutics utilized by residents of the community Poço Dantas, Crato-CE, Brazil

Insects     
Family/species/local name Number of citations Use-value Part used Disease (or illness)
Gryllidae – "Cricket" or "grilo" 2 0.02 Leg (1) Urinary infections
Apidae
Melipona scutellaris (Latreille, 1811) – "Stingless bee" or "uruçú"
6 0.08 Wax and honey (2) Healing, sore throat, coughs and asthma
Melipona subnitida (Ducke, 1910) – "Stingless bee" or "jandaíra" 4 0.05 Honey (2) Asthma, sore throat and coughs
Partamona cupira (Smith, 1863) – "Stingless bee" or "cupira" 23 0.31 Wax (2) and honey (3) Stomach ache, ear aches, healing, sore throat, coughs, asthma and expectorant
Apis mellifera (Linnaeus, 1758) – "Honey bee" or "abelha italiana" 27 0.37 Honey (3) Coughs, flu, asthma, sore throat and healing
Trigona spinipes (Fabricius, 1793) – "Stingless bee" or "arapuá" 4 0.05 Honey (3) Coughs and ear aches
Termitidae
"Termite" or "cupim"
2 0.02 Whole animal (4) Asthma
Fishes     
Erythrinidae     
Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794) – "Fish" or "traíra" 15 0.2 Fat and secretion epidermal (2) Ear aches, inflammations, cholesterol, sore throat, healing, inflammations of umbilical cord of newborn baby, bruises and alcoholism
Prochilodontidae     
Prochilodus nigricans Agassiz, 1929 – "Black prochilodus" or "curimatã" 9 0.12 Fat (2) Inflammations and cholesterol
Amphibians     
Bufonidae     
Rhinella jimi (Stevaux, 2002) – "Cururu toad" or "sapo cururu" 5 0.06 Fat (2) Bruises, inflammations, arthritis, treatment of injured animals
Leptodactylidae     
Leptodactylus labyrinthicus (Spix 1824) – "South american pepper frog" or "gia" 2 0.02 Fat (2) Sore throat
Reptiles     
Chelidae     
Phrynops tuberosus (Peters, 1870) – "Side-necked turtle" or "cágado" 31 0.43 Fat (3), shell (4) and blood (2) Sore throat, rheumatism, inflammations, fissures on feet, back ache, changes of skin, asthma, coughs, (3, 4) varices (2)
Viperidae     
Crotalus durissus (Linnaeus, 1758) – "Rattle snake" or "cascavel" 4 0.05 Fat (2) Snake bites, bruises, rheumatism, inflammations, arthritis, alleviate tremor, treatment of injured animals
Iguanidae     
Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) – "Common iguana" or "camaleão" 10 0.13 Fat (2) Ear aches, sore throat and inflammations
Teiidae     
Tupinambis merianae (Duméril and Bibron, 1839) – "Teju lizard" or "tiú" 66 0.91 Fat (2) and tail (5) Sore throat, coughs, asthma, headache, bruises, inflammations, rheumatism, flu, bronchitis, arthritis, arthrosis, back ache, toothache, healing, fissures on feet (2) deafness and ear aches (2, 5)
Birds     
Cathartidae     
Coragyps atratus (Bechstein, 1793)- "Black vulture" or "urubu" 6 0.08 Meat and whole animal (6) Asthma, coughs and alcoholism
Phasianidae     
Gallus domesticus Linnaeus, 1758 -"Chicken" or "galinha" 49 0.68 Fat (3), esophagus and stomach (7) Sore throat, coughs, inflammations, pneumonia, ear aches, toothache, nasal congestion, stomach ache (3) e diabetes (7)
Pavo cristatus Linnaeus, 1758 – "Pea-cock" or "pavão" 8 0.11 Feather (4) Asthma
Hirundinidae     
Progne chalybea (Gmelin, 1789) – "Gray-breasted martin" or "andorinha" 1 0.01 Whole animal (6) Alcoholism
Cuculidae     
Crotophaga ani Linnaeus, 1758 – "Smooth-billed ani" or "anu" 2 0.02 Feather (4) Asthma
Mammals     
Canidae     
Cerdocyon thous (Linnaeus, 1766) -"Fox" or "raposa" 3 0.04 Fat (3) and liver (7) Rheumatism and bronchitis
Felidae     
Felis silvestris Schereber, 1775 – "Cat" or "gato" 2 0.02 Fur (2) Healing
Dasyponidae     
Euphractus sexcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) – "Armadillo" or "tatu-peba" 6 0.08 Fat (2), meat (6) and tail (5) Rheumatism, burns, inflammations, pain in bones (2, 6), ear aches and deafness (5)
Dasypus novemcinctus, Linnaeus,1758 – "Nine-banded armadillo" or "tatu-galinha" 2 0.02 Fat (2), meat (6) and tail (5) Rheumatism, burns, inflammations, pain in bones (2, 6), ear aches and deafness (5)
Bovidae     
Ovis aries (Linnaeus, 1758)- "Sheep" or "carneiro" 19 0.26 Fat (2) Fissures on feet, rheumatism, arthritis, back ache, ear aches and inflammations
Bos taurus (Linnaeus, 1758) – "Domestic cattle" or "boi" 5 0.06 Milk (8) Inflammations, sore throat and arthritis
Capra hircus (Linnaeus, 1758) – "Domestic goat" or "bode" 2 0.02 Milk (8) Coughs and bronchitis
Suidae     
Sus scrofa (Linnaeus, 1758) – "Pig" or "porco" 1 0.01 Testicle (4) Bronchitis
Equidae     
Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758 – "Asino" or "jumento" 7 0.09 Milk (8) Coughs
  1. Legend: (1) Prepare a tea with the animal part utilized and ingest it; (2) Ingest directly or rub on the affected area; (3) Similar to item two, can be administered in combination with medicinal plants; (4) Macerate, prepare a tea and ingest; (5) Rub on the ear; (6) Cook without salt and ingest; (7) To dry under the sun and ingest with tea or with some food; (8) Ingest in combination with medicinal plants or with honey of A. mellifera and P. cupira.