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Table 1 Animals used as sacrificial offerings at Candomblé terreiros in the visited cities.

From: From Eshu to Obatala: animals used in sacrificial rituals at Candomblé "terreiros" in Brazil

Family/Species Local and English Name IUCN category Deity offering made to Number of mentions
     CG CA
MOLLUSCS      
Achatinidae      
   Achatina fulica (Ferussac, 1821) Ibi, Igbin or Boi-de-Oxalá (snail)   Obatala --- 6
AMPHIBIANS      
Family not identified      
   Species not identified Rã-de-peito (frog)   Major "treat" to Oshun --- 1
Bufonidae      
   Rhinella schneideri (Werner, 1894) Sapo-boi (toad) LC Major "treat" to Nana --- 1
REPTILES      
Chelidae      
   Phrynops geoffroanus (Schweigger, 1812) – "cágado" Cágado d'água (Geoffroy's side-necked turtle)   Shango --- 2
Testudinidae      
   Chelonoidis denticulata (Linnaeus, 1766) Jabuti (yellow-footed tortoise) VU Shango 2 7
BIRDS      
Anatidae      
   Anas sp. Pata (duck)   Oshun and Yemaja --- 4
Columbidae      
   Columba lívia (Gmelin, 1789) Pombo, Irilé (pigeon)   To perform Bori. Orishas; "Cleaning" 2 8
   Columbina sp. Rolinha (ground dove)   Oxossi 2 2
   Zenaida auriculata (Des Murs, 1847) Ribaçã (eared dove) LC Oxossi 2 2
Meleagrididae      
   Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus, 1758 Peru (turkey)   Iansan; Logun-edé; Oxossi 1 5
Numididae      
   Numida meleagris (Linnaeus, 1758) Guiné, Galinha-d'angola, Coquém (helmeted guineafowls) LC To perform Bori 2 7
Phasianidae      
   Gallus gallus (Linnaeus, 1758) Galinha (chicken)   Orishas; "Cleaning" 2 7
   Pavo cristatus Linnaeus, 1758 Pavão (peacock)   Logun-Edé; Oxossi 1 5
   Phasianus sp. Faisão (pheasant)   Logun-Edé; Oxossi --- 5
Tinamidae      
   Nothura boraquira (Spix, 1825) LC Codorna (tinamou)   Oxossi 1 2
MAMMALS      
Agoutidae      
   Agouti paca (Linnaeus, 1766) Paca LC Oxossi --- 1
Bovidae      
   Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Boi/Vaca (ox/cow)   Orishas; Xangô-Aganjou; Exu de Ganga; to perform Bori 2 5
   Bubalus bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758) Búfalo (buffalo)   Orishas; except for Iansan --- 4
   Capra hircus Linnaeus, 1758 Bode/Cabra (goat/nanny-goat)   Orishas 2 7
   Ovis aries (Linnaeus, 1758) Carneiro/Ovelha (sheep)   Shango 1 7
Canidae      
   Canis lupus (Linnaeus, 1758) Cachorro (dog)   A manifestation of Ogun (Ogunjá) in Africa 1 5
Caviidae      
   Cavia aperea Erxleben, 1777 Preá (guinea pig) LC Oxossi 2 2
Cervidae      
   Mazama americana (Erxleben, 1777) Veado-do-mato (red brocket) DD Oxossi; also worshiped alive as a sacred animal --- 5
Dasypodidae      
   Dasypus novemcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) Tatu (Nine-banded armadillo) LC Obaluaê/Omolu 1 3
   Euphractus sexcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) Peba (Six-banded armadillo) LC Shango; Obaluaê/Omolu 2 2
Erethizontidae      
   Coendou prehensilis (Linnaeus, 1758) Porco-espinho (porcupine) LC Oxossi --- 1
Leporidae      
   Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linnaeus, 1758) Coelho (rabbit) NT Oxossi 1 3
Suidae      
   Sus scrofa (Linnaeus, 1758) Porco (pig)   Oxossi; Omolu. To perform Bori. 2 5
Tayassuidae      
   Pecari tajacu Linnaeus 1758 Porco-do-mato (peccary) LC Oxossi --- 1
  1. Legends: CA (Caruaru – Pernambuco); CG (Campina Grande – Paraíba)
  2. Note: Categories of IUCN- LC (Least Concern), DD (Data Deficient), NT (Near Threatened), VU (Vulnerable).