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Table 1 Demographics and patient utilization of traditional medicine clinics.

From: Disease concepts and treatment by tribal healers of an Amazonian forest culture

  Kwamalasamutu (KM) Përëre Tëpu (PT)
Location 2° 19' 60 N / 56° 46' 60 W
Sipaliwini river
Sipaliwini District, Suriname
3° 10' 00 N / 53° 43' 00 W
Tapanahoni river
Sipaliwini District, Suriname
Population census 1 1174 503
Study interval 8/2000 - 8/2004 8/2001 - 8/2004
Total clinic visits 18,199 2138
Clinic visits per month 2 368.9 ± 33.8 [47-1148] 60.0 ± 37.8 [11-183]
Total patients 765 180
Clinic visits per patient 2 21.1 ± 26.1 [1-167] 11.7 ± 9.6 [1-63]
Patient age at clinic visits 3 30.3 ± 19.8 [.02-80.6] 27.3 ± 22.0 [0.3-70.1]
Clinic visits per gender M 7475 [46.6%] F 8566 [53.4%] M 1079 [51.4%] F 1022 [48.9%]
Clinic visits per disease concept 2 225 ± 53.0 [1-2629] 49.8 ± 10.2 [4-291]
Clinic visits per shaman and shaman age at start of study interval KM shaman 1
(69.4 years)
10,354 [56.9%] PT shaman 1
(66.7 years)
1255 [58.7%]
  KM shaman 2
(63.6 years)
3708 [20.4%] PT shaman 2
(66.5 years)
766 [35.8%]
  KM shaman 3
(53.8 years)
864 [4.7%] PT shaman 3
(70.4 years)
117 [5.5%]
  KM shaman 4
(51.9 years)
679 [3.7%]   
  KM shaman 5
(50.0 years)
571 [3.1%]   
  Not recorded 2023 [11.1%]   
Shaman age at clinic visits 3 68.0 ± .04 [51.6-73.5] 68.2 ± .02 [66.6-71.7]
  1. 12004 census, an approximate cross-sectional assessment as the population dynamics of Suriname Trio villages are fluid.
  2. 2Values expressed as mean ± STD [range]
  3. 3Values expressed in years, mean ± STD [range]