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Table 3 List of medicinal plants for treating human diseases in the study area, Wonago Woreda

From: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Families Scientific name Local name Habit Preparation and application Diseases treated Voucher Number
Acanthaceae Justicia schimperiana (Hochst.ex A. Nees) T.Anders Dummiuggae Sh Pounded fresh/dry leaves is concocted with bark of Croton macrostachyus is taken orally for three days. Intestinal parasites FM30
Alliaceae Allium sativum L. 'Sunkurtae' H Fresh or dry fruits is Chewed and orally Malaria FM15
Apiaceae Foeniculum vulgare Mill Melloo H Pounded dry/fresh root is taken with coffee or tea as drink. Abdominal pain FM193
Araceae Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. Godarre H Crushed/pounded dry/fresh concocted with Zingiber officinale rhizome is taken with coffee as drink. Diarrhea FM43
     Fine powder of plant part mixed with water and mixture drunk or thick paste applied to affected part Trachoma  
Asclepidaceae Gomphocarpus purpurascens A. Rich Mexxino Sh Pound fresh/dry root bark with water is taken as a drink Febrile illness FM142
Asclepidaceae Kanahala laniflora (Forssk.) R. Br. Wundiffo Sh Pounded fresh/dry root concocted with roots of Croton macrostachys and Senna occidentalis is taken orally Amoebas FM136
     Pounded fresh/dry root concocted with roots of Croton macrostachys and Senna occidentalis and mixed with butter is taken orally Bronchitis  
     Fresh/dry root powder mixed with honey is taken orally before breakfast for three days. Hepatitis  
Asparagaceae Asparagus africanus L. 'Uffae ' Sh Powder of dry root with butter is applied on wound Wound FM206
Asteraceae Artemisia abyssinica Sch.Bip. ex A. Rich Sugetieae H Crushed or pounded fresh stem with butter is applied topically Eye infection FM17
Asteraceae Artemisia afra Jack. ex Wild Chugughee H Crushed or pounded fresh or dry leaves are boiled in water and the filtrate is taken hot; orally Abdominal pain FM38
     Fresh leaves are chewed and taken orally Headache  
     Powdered fresh/dry leaves nixed with butter is taken with coffee orally before breakfast for three days Malaria  
Asteraceae Carduus leptacanthus Fresen. Guccino H Powdered dry stem mixed with butter is taken with coffee or tea. Ascariasis FM86
     Crushed/pounded dry stem concocted with Vernonia amygdalina leaves mixed with water is taken orally Haemorrhoid  
Asteraceae Helianthus annuus L. Suffae H Mix the powder with water and drink Food poison FM65
Asteraceae Vernonia amygdalina Del. Ebicha Sh Crushed, pounded and mix with little water then drink for five days. Diarrhea FM31
     Wash the patient body with the plant part and drink for three days.   
Asteraceae Vernonia auriculifera Hiern Dangireto Sh Crushed, pounded and mix with cold water, one cup of the filtrate is given for adult, one-half of the cup for children for three days Snake poison FM144
Asteraceae Xantium strumarium L. Dehanekayae H The plant part squeezing it through clean locally made cloth for five days on affected part or wash the affected part for both diseases. Skin infection FM9
Boraginaceae Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forsk. Korchibae H Handful root is crushed by hand, small amount of cold water is added to squash, the mixture is inhaled and few drops are drunk. Fertility & abnormal growth FM114
     Crushed, pounded and mix with water and drink. Mental problems  
Boragnaceae Cordia africana Lam. Waddissa T Powdered dry root bark is sprinkled on burning charcoal and smoke is inhaled covered by cloth Evil eye FM167
Brassicaceae Lepidium sativum L. Feaxxo H Dry seed powder is taken as with coffee as drink Intestinal parasites FM20
     Pounded seeds mixed with Allium sativum bulbs and honey is taken orally for five days before breakfast After each dose, one glass of melted butter is recommended for immediate recovery. Malaria  
     Dry seed powder with pounded seed of Ocimum lamiifolium is taken with coffee as drink 'Mich'  
     Dry seed powder with pounded seed of Ocimum lamiifolium is taken with coffee as drink Headache  
Caricaceae Carica papaya L. Papaya T Chewed and swallowed fresh seed Amoebas FM46
     Chew and swallow seed Intestinal parasite  
Caryophyllaceae Stellaria sennii Chiov.   H Decoction root Hepatitis FM188
Celastraceae Catha edulis (Vahl.) Forssk ex Endl. Chatae Sh Crushed/pounded fresh stem concocted with leaves of Vernonia amygdalina is boiled and one glass of the filtrate is taken orally Urine retention FM19
Celastraceae Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Excell Shekko Sh Powdered fresh/dry seed with water or butter is taken with coffee or tea as drink for five days. Epilepsy FM54
     Powdered fresh/dry seed with Ocimum lamiifolium seed is take with coffee as drink Headache  
Cucurbitaceae Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. Botto H Ripe fruits including seeds are immersed in water for overnight; the water is taken orally in the morning before breakfast. Gonorrhea FM205
Cucurbitaceae Momordica foetida Schumach Yubarrae Sh Crushed/pounded fresh/dry root mixed with Allium sativum bulb is taken orally before breakfast for three days. Bronchitis FM108
     Infusion of fresh/dry root powder is taken orally Food poison  
Dracaenaceae Dracaena steudneri Engl. Afrafartu T Powder of dry root is applied to wound. Wound FM37
Euphorbiaceae Croton macrostachyus Del. Bissano T Crushed/pounded fresh/dry leaves boiled with water is concocted with Allium sativum (bulb) roasted with butter and left over night outside home is taken orally at the morning Malaria FM162
     Rubbing affected part by exudates of old leaves Ringworm  
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia candelabrum Kostshy Addama Sh Milky latex from plant mixed with roots powder of Ruta chalepensis and paste applied to affected area Ringworm FM48
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia tirucalli L. Kinchibae Sh Rubbing affected part with crushed fresh/dry root concocted with crushed leaves of Coffea arabica 'Kintarot' FM40
Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis L. Gulloo Sh Crushed/pounded leaves with coffee, tea or milk is taken as a drunk before copulation impotency FM71
Euphorbiaceae Tragia cinerea (Pax) Gilbert & Radcl. Smith Alebelabitae H Fine powder of plant part mixed with butter and drink before sexual intercourse with his partner. 'Kintarot' FM87
     Fine powder of plant part mix with honey and drink before sexual intercourse   
Fabaceae Millettia ferruginea (Hochst.) Bark Berberae T Fresh/dry fruits powder with butter is applied topically Skin infection FM190
Fabaceae Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Assenmeka H fresh root powder mixed with water is taken as a drink for three days Bleeding nose FM103
     Fresh root powder with butter is taken as a drink for before breakfast three days. Excessive menstruation  
     Fresh root powder with honey is taken as a drink for before copulation Gonorrhea  
     Chewing and swallowing fresh root Tonsillitis  
Lamiaceae Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. Ex Benth. Damakase H Pounded fresh leaves mixed with butter is taken with coffee as drink at the morning Cough FM52
Lognaceae Buddleja polystachya Fresen Affarao Sh Infusion of crushed/pounded dry leaves is taken orally 'Dingetegia' FM7
Malvaceae Gossypium arboretum L. Jirbiae Sh Powdered dry root bark infusion is taken as drunk Lymphatic swelling FM29
Malvaceae Sida schimperiana Hochst. ex A.Rich Gebresede Sh Crushed, pounded, and boiled with water and cooled for 2 hours and 2 glasses are served as a drink. Epilepsy FM170
Meliaceae Trichilia dregeana Sond. Yumbarro T Concoction root bark Mental problems FM126
Meliantaceae Bersama abyssinica Fresen Jejjebba Sh Crushed/pounded fresh root mixed with cold water is taken orally Bronchitis FM163
     Crushed/pounded fresh root concocted with leaves of Ruta chalepensis with water is taken orally Febrile illness  
Moraceae Ficus ovata Vahl Shollae T powder of dry fruits mixed with butter is applied after scratching the affected area Ringworm FM153
Moringaceae Moringa stenopetala L. Sihferaw T Chewing and swallowing fresh leaves Vomiting FM62
Musaceae Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman Warqo Sh Crushed/pounded fresh root with water is taken orally Abdominal pain FM5
     Crushed/pounded fresh root with water is taken orally Amoebic dysentery  
Myrsinaceae Embelia schimperi Vatke. Sharrengo Sh Crushed fresh root with water is taken as a drink for several days Leprosy FM122
Myrtaceae Eucalyptus globules Labill D/barzafae T Inhalation of steam of young fresh leaves with stem before bedtime 'Mich' FM150
Phytolaceae Phytolacca dodecandra L'Herit Indoodae Sh Pounded fresh/dry leaves mixed with water is taken orally before breakfast for three days. Malaria FM176
Podocarpaceae Podocarpus falcatus (Thunb.) Mirb. Zigbo T Fresh/dry root powder mixed with water is taken orally Febrile illness FM11
Polygonaceae Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Dangago H Paste of fresh/dry stem powder with butter is applied topically Wound FM10
Resedaceae Caylusea abyssinica (Fresen.) Fish. & Mey. Sheggitae H Crushed/pounded fresh/dry root water is taken orally Ascariasis FM131
Rosaceae Hagenia abyssinica (Brucie.) J. F. Gmel Kossae T Mix the powder with honey and a little bit of water and then boil and drink before breakfast for five days. Ascariasis FM120
     Mix the powder with local 'tella' and leave for overnight and drink before breakfast for three days   
Rosaceae Prunus africana (Hook.F.) Kalkam T/kaka T Crushed/pounded dry root bark mixed with water is taken as a drink Ascariasis FM209
     Dry root powder concocted with Parthenium hysterophorus root powder is taken orally for three days. Gonorrhea  
Rubiaceae Coffea arabica L. Buno Sh Smoke inhalation of dried leaves and infusion of leaves is taken orally Vomiting FM1
Rubiaceae Pentas schimperiana (A. Rich) Vatke Dibexxo Sh Fresh/dry root bark powder mixed with water is taken orally Epilepsy FM78
Rutaceae Citrus limon (L.)Burm.F. Lomae Sh Chew and swallow fresh fruits Cough FM123
Rutaceae Ruta chalepensis L. Xenadamae H Crushed/pounded fresh leaves with water of or coffee is taken orally 'Dingetega' FM50
     Chewing and swallowing fresh leaves Stomach-ache  
     Chewing fresh leaves using the jaw with toothache Toothache  
Sapindaceae Dodonaea angustifolia L.F. Ittechhae Sh Decoction of dry fruit is applied topically Ectoparasite FM83
     Powder dry fruits with water is taken orally. Lymphatic swelling  
Simaroubaceae Brucea antidysenterica J.F.Mill Kapparro Sh Powdered fresh root bark mixed with water is applied topically Wound FM202
Solanaceae Capsicum annuum L. Miximixo H Chew and swallow fresh/dry fruits Ascariasis FM25
Tiliaceae Grewia ferruginea Hochst ex A. Rich Ogomdii Sh Crushed/pounded fresh/dry root bark concocted with root of Ensete ventricosum and mixed with water is kept over night and taken orally as a drink before breakfast. Cough FM121
     Pounded fresh/dry root bark mix with butter is taken as drink before breakfast for three days. Evil eye  
Tiliaceae Triumfetta tomentosa Boj. Kombocho Sh Mix the powder with a little bit of local 'araqi' and then apply the paste to wound Fire burn FM171
Verbenaceae Lantana camara L. Yewef kollo Sh Dry stem powder mixed with water is taken orally Diarrhea FM146
Zingeberaceae Zingiber officinale Rosc. Jaanjiibeello H Chewed and swallowed Stomach-ache FM51