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Table 4 List of medicinal plants for treating livestock diseases in the study area, Wonago Woreda

From: An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wonago Woreda, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Families Scientific name Local name Habit Preparation and application Diseases treated Voucher Number
Acanthaceae Justicia schimperiana (Hochst.ex A. Nees). Anders Dummiuggae Sh Crushed, pounded fresh/dry leaf concocted with Croton macrostachyus in cold water is given as a drink for three days. Intestinal parasites FM30
Amaranthaceae Achyranthes aspera L. Derrgu H Powdered dry/fresh leaf with water is applied externally Ectoparasite FM115
     Powder of root mixed with water is given orally Diarrhea  
Anacardiaceae Rhus vulgaris Meikle Suggutae Sh Crushed, pounded fresh/dry root mixed with cold water; kept outside for overnight is given as drink in the morning Blackleg FM57
Apocynaceae Maytenus arbutifolia (A. Rich) Wilczek Kombollechae Sh Powdered dry leaf mixed with butter is applied topically Wound FM138
Asparagaceae Asparagus africanus L. Uffae Sh Powder of dry root is applied topically Wound FM206
Asteraceae Cirsium englerianum O. Hoffm. Galigloo H Concoction of fresh/dry root mixed with residue of local 'tella' or 'areqie' is given as drink. Urine with blood FM64
     Crushed, pounded and mix with residue of local 'areqie' or 'tella' and drink. Sterility  
     Powdered fresh leaf mixed with residue of local 'areqie' or 'tella' is given as drink Anthrax  
     Crushed, pounded and mix with cold water, applied orally for three days Snake poison  
     Fresh leaf is squeezed on to affected part for five days Skin infection/Kintarot  
Asteraceae Vernonia auriculifera Hiern Dangireto Sh Crushed, pounded root mixed with cold water is administered orally Snake poison FM144
Asteraceae Xantium strumarium L. Dehanekayae H Squeezing leaf through clean locally made cloth for five days on affected part or wash the affected part Wart, Skin infection FM9
Boragnaceae Cordia africana Lam. Waddissa T Root bar is smoked in the barn Evil eye FM167
Casuarinaceae Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq. Shewshewae T Concoction of fresh/dry root bark mixed with leaf of Croton macrostachyus and water is given as drink. Lymphatic swelling/Urine retention FM76
Celastraceae Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Excell Shekko Sh Root powder mixed with leaf of Ocimum lamiifolium is administered orally Febrile Disease FM54
Clustiaceae Hypericum revolutum Vahl   Sh Leaf is pounded and mix with water applied orally. Fattening FM93
Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita pepo L. Buqe Cl Fresh/dry root ash mixed with butter is applied topically Skin infection FM16
Fabaceae Calpurnia aurea (Alt.) Benth. Chekketa Sh Seed powder mixed with butter is applied on infected eye. Eye infection FM98
     Powdered fresh/dry root with water is given orally. Urine retention  
     Powdered fresh/dry root with butter is given orally Black leg  
     Crushed, pounded fresh root with fresh leaf of Vernonia amygdalina mixed with residue of local areqie or tella is given orally Anthrax  
     Crushed, pounded fresh root with fresh leaf of Parthneium hysterophrus mixed with residue of local areqie or tella is given orally Blackleg  
Malvaceae Sida schimperiana Hochst. ex A.Rich Gebresede Sh Leaf powder is mixed with water is administered orally for three days before grazing Mental problem FM170
Myrsinaceae Maesa lanceoloata Forssk. Kaggano T Powdered fresh/dry root mixed with residue of local 'areqie' or 'tella' is given as drink Anthrax FM210
     Powdered fresh/dry root and Vernonia amygdalina leaf mixed with residue of local 'areqie' or 'tella' is given as drink Blackleg  
Oleaceae Olea europaea L. Wayrro T The root powder is smoke in livestock fence Mental problem FM187
Papaveraceae Argemone mexicana L. Kossalae H Crushed and pounded fresh leaf mixed with roots of Solanum indicum in cold water is given as a drunk Bloody Urine FM81
    H Powdered fresh leaf mixed with residue of local 'tella' or 'areqie' is given orally Diarrhea  
    H Crushed and pounded fresh leaf mixed with leaf of Vernonia amygdalina is given orally. Intestinal parasites  
Polygonaceae Rumex nepalensis Spreng. Dangago H Powdered fresh/dry stem mixed with butter is applied topically Wound FM10
Rubiaceae Pentas schimperiana (A. Rich) Vatke Dibexxo Sh Root bark fine powder is mixed with water given orally Mental problem FM78
Santalaceae Osyris quadripartite Decn. Watto Sh Powdered fresh/dry fruit mixed with water is given orally for three days and applied topically on infected body part Skin infection FM105
Sapindaceae Dodonaea angustifolia L.F. Ittechhae Sh Crushed, pounded dry fruit with water is applied Ectoparasite FM83
     Powdered dry fruit with water is given orally Lymphatic swelling  
Simaroubaceae Brucea antidysenterica J.F.Mill Kapparro Sh Powder of fresh/dry root bark is applied topically Wound FM202
Solanaceae Datura stramonium L. Atsefareceae H Crushed, pounded fresh/dry root mixed with Parthenium hysterophorus leaf applied topically Wound FM47
Solanaceae Discopodium penninervum Serbae T Rubbing affected part with fresh/dry crushed leaf Inability to walk properly FM198
Solanaceae Solanum indicum L. Dimoxxa embayo Sh A cup of fresh/dry root powder concocted with Vernonia amygdalina leaf with seven cups of water is boiled until only one cup of mixture remains then mixed with the residue of 'tella' and ' areqie' is given for as drink for three days. Blackleg FM104
     Crushed, pounded fresh/dry root and root of Rhus vulgaris mixed with water is given as drink for 2 to 3 days. Anthrax  
     Concoction of crushed, pounded fresh/dry root with Vernonia amygdalina leaf is given as drink Cough  
Tiliaceae Grewia ferruginea Hochst ex A. Rich Ogomdii Sh Crushed, pounded fresh/dry root bark with roots of Ensete ventricosum and mixed with water and kept overnight is given orally Cough FM121
Verbenaceae Lantana camara L. Yewof kollo Sh Dry stem powdered mixed with water is given orally Diarrhea FM146